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Profiling the Needs of the California Youth Authority's Female Population, 1996

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Owen, Barbara (California State University)
  • Bloom, Barbara (Sonoma State University)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1999-12-14
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
correctional facilities (juveniles); criminal histories; demographic characteristics; female offenders; juvenile offenders; needs assessment; population characteristics
Description
  • Abstract

    This study was designed to assess the needs and characteristics of the female juvenile offender population in California and to evaluate the existing program structure. The main focus was to conduct a pilot study to test an instrument the researchers had designed for profiling the needs of youthful female offenders in developing a protocol for use by other jurisdictions and agencies working with delinquent female youths. To study the needs and program demands of young female offenders, the researchers conducted a profile survey of 162 randomly-selected women at the Ventura School in the California Youth Authority (CYA) in the summer of 1996. The data are the result of personal interviews using a modified version of the instrument used for a 1995 study of adult female offenders in the California Department of Corrections by the principal investigators. Information was collected on demographics, social and economic background, criminal history, and correctional experiences. Demographic variables include age, race and ethnicity, marital status, and parents' marital status. Variables on social and economic background include religious preference, living situation, education, work history, family relationships, pregnancy history while incarcerated, and family and juvenile history. Criminal history variables cover gang involvement, arrest and sentence information, offense profile, reasons for committing the offense, weapon use, substance abuse history, and personal abuse. Variables on correctional experiences include abuse counseling, HIV testing, correctional programming participation, work experience during incarceration, and California Youth Authority housing assignment.
  • Abstract

    While young female offenders remain a small minority within the juvenile justice system, the unique needs and program demands of this population require particular attention in terms of research and policy. Some research findings suggest delinquent females tend to be similar to male delinquents in terms of lower socioeconomic status, disrupted family backgrounds, and school difficulties. Most researchers argue, however, that girls' lives and girls' problems present unique challenges for the juvenile justice system and related social service agencies. These gender-based differences shape both offense patterning and policy response. This study was designed to assess the female juvenile offender population in terms of its characteristics and existing program structure. The main focus was to conduct a pilot study to test an instrument the researchers had designed for profiling the needs of youthful female offenders in developing a protocol for use by other jurisdictions and agencies working with delinquent females. The instrument and its accompanying instructions were intended as a guide to managers, researchers, and line staff who wanted to collect and analyze systematic information on their youthful female offender population.
  • Abstract

    To study the needs and program demands of young female offenders, the researchers conducted a profile survey of 162 randomly-selected women at the Ventura School in the California Youth Authority (CYA) in the summer of 1996. The data are the result of personal interviews administered using a modified version of the instrument from a 1995 study of adult female offenders in the California Department of Corrections by the principal investigators. This study was designed to be a pilot study testing an instrument the researchers had designed for profiling the needs of youthful female offenders in developing a protocol for use by other jurisdictions and agencies working with youthful female offenders.
  • Abstract

    Demographic variables include age, race and ethnicity, marital status, and parents' marital status. Variables on social and economic background include religious preference, living situation, education, work history, family relationships, pregnancy history while incarcerated, and family and juvenile history. Criminal history variables cover gang involvement, arrest and sentence information, offense profile, reasons for committing the offense, weapon use, substance abuse history, and personal abuse. Variables on correctional experiences include abuse counseling, HIV testing, correctional programming participation, work experience during incarceration, and California Youth Authority housing assignment.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The total response rate was 97 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Young female offenders in the California Youth Authority system.
Sampling
Random sampling.
Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (95-IJ-CX-0098).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2754 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02754.v1
Publications
  • Morton, Goldie M.. Typologies of Juvenile Female Offenders Consistencies with a Feminist Developmental Model. Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park. 2004.
  • Bloom, Barbara, Owen, Barbara, Deschenes, Elizabeth Piper, Rosenbaum, Jill. Improving juvenile justice for females: A statewide assessment in California. Crime and Delinquency.48, (4), 526-552.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/001112802237128 (DOI)
  • Owen, Barbara, Bloom, Barbara. Profiling the Needs of Young Female Offenders: Instrument Development and Pilot Study. Final Report.NCJ 182737, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/182737.pdf (URL)
  • Owen, Barbara, Bloom, Barbara. Profiling the Needs of Young Female Offenders: A Protocol and Pilot Study. Final Report.NCJ 179988, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1997.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/179988.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Owen, Barbara; Bloom, Barbara (1999): Profiling the Needs of the California Youth Authority's Female Population, 1996. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02754