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Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1996: Interview Survey and Detailed Expenditure Files

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; clothing; construction costs; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; credit; debt; demographic characteristics; durable goods; education expenditures; employment; energy consumption; families; fixed income; food costs; health expenditures; health insurance; home ownership; hospitalization; household appliances; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; housing costs; insurance; memberships; mortgage payments; property repairs; purchasing; recreation expenses; taxes; unemployment benefits; wages and salaries
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The survey consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview Survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary Survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Interview Survey was designed to collect data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. The expenditures covered by the survey are those that respondents can recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. In general, these expenditures include relatively large purchases, such as those for property, or expenditures that occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance premiums. Excluded are nonprescription drugs, household supplies, and personal care items. Including global estimates on spending for food, it is estimated that about 90 to 95 percent of expenditures are covered in the Interview Survey. The Detailed Expenditure Files were created from all the major expenditure sections of the Interview Survey questionnaires and contain the most detailed expenditure data from the Interview Survey. Parts 69-72 contain processing files used by the program in Part 73. Part 73, Documentation File, includes a sample program and lists of the data file variables by start position. Parts 75 and 76 are SAS programs that generate means, variances, standard errors, and coefficients of variation.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS2: Member Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS3: Detailed Expenditures, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS4: Income File, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS5: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, Second Quarter, 1996
    • DS6: Member Characteristics and Income, Second Quarter, 1996
    • DS7: Detailed Expenditures, Second Quarter, 1996
    • DS8: Income File, Second Quarter, 1996
    • DS9: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, Third Quarter, 1996
    • DS10: Member Characteristics and Income, Third Quarter, 1996
    • DS11: Detailed Expenditures, Third Quarter, 1996
    • DS12: Income File, Third Quarter, 1996
    • DS13: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, Fourth Quarter, 1996
    • DS14: Member Characteristics and Income, Fourth Quarter, 1996
    • DS15: Detailed Expenditures, Fourth Quarter, 1996
    • DS16: Income File, Fourth Quarter, 1996
    • DS17: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1997
    • DS18: Member Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1997
    • DS19: Detailed Expenditures, First Quarter, 1997
    • DS20: Income File, First Quarter, 1997
    • DS21: Major Household Appliances
    • DS22: Rented Living Quarters
    • DS23: Owned Living Quarters (Detailed Property Description)
    • DS24: Owned Living Quarters (Disposed-of Property)
    • DS25: Owned Living Quarters (Mortgage Payments)
    • DS26: Owned Living Quarters (Lump-Sum Home Equity Loans)
    • DS27: Owned Living Quarters (Line of Credit Home Equity Loans)
    • DS28: Owned Living Quarters (Ownership Costs)
    • DS29: Utilities and Fuels (Telephone Expenses)
    • DS30: Utilities and Fuels (Screening Questions)
    • DS31: Utilities and Fuels (Detailed Questions)
    • DS32: Construction, Repairs, Alterations, and Maintenance of Property (Screening Questions)
    • DS33: Construction, Repairs, Alterations, and Maintenance of Property (Job Description)
    • DS34: Appliances, Household Equipment, and Other Selected Items (Purchase of Appliances)
    • DS35: Appliances, Household Equipment, and Other Selected Items (Other Household Equipment)
    • DS36: Household Equipment Repairs and Service Contracts
    • DS37: Furniture Repair and Reupholstering
    • DS38: Home Furnishings and Related Household Items (Purchases)
    • DS39: Home Furnishings and Related Household Items (Rental or Leasing of Furniture)
    • DS40: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Clothing)
    • DS41: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Infants' Clothing, Watches, Jewelry, and Hairpieces)
    • DS42: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Sewing Materials)
    • DS43: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Clothing Services)
    • DS44: Rented and Leased Vehicles (Screening Questions)
    • DS45: Rented and Leased Vehicles (Detailed Questions for Leased Vehicles)
    • DS46: Owned Vehicles (Detailed Questions)
    • DS47: Owned Vehicles (Disposed-of Vehicles)
    • DS48: Vehicle Operating Expenses (Vehicle Maintenance and Repair)
    • DS49: Vehicle Operating Expenses (Licensing, Registration, and Inspection of Vehicles)
    • DS50: Vehicle Operating Expenses (Other Vehicle Operating Expenses)
    • DS51: Insurance Other Than Health (Detailed Questions)
    • DS52: Hospitalization and Health Insurance (Detailed Questions)
    • DS53: Hospitalization and Health Insurance (Medicare, Medicaid, and Other Plans Not Paid by CU)
    • DS54: Medical and Health Expenditures (Expenses)
    • DS55: Medical and Health Expenditures (Reimbursements)
    • DS56: Educational Expenses (Expenses Paid Directly by the Consumer Unit)
    • DS57: Subscriptions and Memberships
    • DS58: Books and Entertainment Expenses
    • DS59: Trips and Vacations (Not Fully Reimbursed)
    • DS60: Trips and Vacations (Fully Reimbursed)
    • DS61: Trips and Vacations (Trip Expenses for Non-Consumer Unit Members)
    • DS62: Trips and Vacations (Local Overnight Stays)
    • DS63: Miscellaneous Expenses
    • DS64: Expense Patterns for Food and Beverages
    • DS65: Expense Patterns for Selected Services and Goods
    • DS66: Credit Liability (Second Quarter Only)
    • DS67: Credit Liability (Credit Balances)
    • DS68: Credit Liability (Credit Finances)
    • DS69: Aggregation File
    • DS70: Label File
    • DS71: Universal Classification Codes
    • DS72: Vehicle Make and Model
    • DS75: SAS Variance Program for All Consumer Units
    • DS76: SAS Variance Program for Single Specified Expenditure Item
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Noninstitutional civilian population of the United States.
National probability sample of households designed to represent the total noninstitutional civilian population.
Collection Mode
  • Starting with the 1994 collection, the Interview Survey and the Detailed Expenditure Files (EXPN) are released together in one data collection by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

    This release includes files from the first quarter of 1997 in addition to the files containing data from interviews conducted during the four quarters of 1996.

    The codebook is provided as an MSWord 7 file and as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file, and the data collection instrument is also provided as a PDF file.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 78 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 77 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 74 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 73 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2794 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
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  • Fisher, Jonathan D., Marchand, Joseph. Does the Retirement Consumption Puzzle Differ Across the Distribution?. Center for Economic Studies Working Papers.CES 11-09, Washington, DC: Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau. 2011.
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  • Garner, Thesia I., Short, Kathleen S.. Identifying the poor: Poverty measurement for the U.S. from 1996 to 2005. Review of Income and Wealth.56, (2), 237-258.2010.
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  • Polkovnichenko, Nataliya. Empirical Tests of Consumption-Based Asset Pricing Models Using Household-Level Consumption Data. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2008.
  • Stephens, Melvin, Jr.. The consumption response to predictable changes in discretionary income: Evidence from the repayment of vehicle loans. Review of Economics and Statistics.90, (2), 241-252.2008.
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  • Ding, Li. United States Households Consumption, a Comprehensive Analysis. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 2007.
  • Heim, Bradley T.. The effect of tax rebates on consumption expenditures: Evidence from state tax rebates. National Tax Journal.60, (4), 685-710.2007.
  • Hong, Seung-Hyun. The recent growth of the internet and changes in household-level demand for entertainment. Information Economics and Policy.19, (3-4), 304-318.2007.
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  • James, Russell N., III, Sharpe, Deanna L.. Is time running out? Savings and investments of renters nearing retirement age. Financial Counseling and Planning.18, (2), 61-75.2007.
  • Rajeev, Dehejia, Thomas, Deleire, Erzo, Luttmer F P. Insuring consumption and happiness through religious organizations. Journal of Public Economics.91, (1-2), 259-279.2007.
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  • LaLumia, Sara M.. Household Responses to Tax and Spending Policies. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2006.
  • DeLeire, Thomas, Kalil, Ariel. How do cohabiting couples with children spend their money?. Journal of Marriage and Family.67, (2), 286-295.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2005.00116.x (DOI)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, DeLeire, Thomas, Luttmer, Erzo F.P.. Insuring Consumption and Happiness Through Religious Organizations. Faculty Research Working Paper Series.RWP05-047, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government. 2005.
    • ID:$File/rwp%5F05%5F047%5Fluttmer.pdf (URL)
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  • Garner, Thesia I., Short, Kathleen. Economic Well-being Based on Income, Consumer Expenditures and Personal Assessments of Minimum Needs. BLS Working Papers.381, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2005.
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  • Busch, Susan H., Jofre-Bonet, Mireia, Falba, Tracy A., Sindelar, Jody L.. Burning a hole in the budget: Tobacco spending and its crowd-out of other goods. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.3, (4), 263-272.2004.
    • ID: 10.2165/00148365-200403040-00009 (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Abdel-Ghany, Mohamed. Patterns of spending behavior and the relative position in the income distribution: Some empirical evidence. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.25, (2), 163-178.2004.
    • ID: 10.1023/B:JEEI.0000023636.75717.61 (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Zick, Cathleen D.. The economic burden of health care, funeral, and burial expenditures at the end of life. Journal of Consumer Affairs.38, (1), 35-55.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2004.tb00464.x (DOI)
  • Salim, Juma K.. Expenditure Patterns Within an Occupational Group: Teachers and Non-Teachers. Dissertation, Texas Tech University. 2004.
  • Weagley, Robert O., Huh, Eunjeong. Leisure expenditures of retired and near-retired households. Journal of Leisure Research.36, (1), 101-127.2004.
  • Fan, Jessie X., Sharpe, Deanna L., Hong, Gong-Soog. Health care and prescription drug spending by seniors. Monthly Labor Review.126, (3), 16-26.2003.
  • Vissing-Jørgensen, Annette. Limited asset market participation and the elasticity of intertemporal substitution. Journal of Political Economy.110, (4), 825-853.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/340782 (DOI)
  • Walden, Michael L.. Absolute and relative consumption of married U.S. households in 1960 and 1996: The Cleavers meet the Taylors. Journal of Consumer Affairs.36, (1), 77-98.2002.
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  • Mauldin, Teresa, Mimura, Yoko, Lino, Mark. Parental expenditures on children's education. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.22, (3), 221-241.2001.
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  • Kass, David I., Okubo, Sumiye. U.S. travel and tourism satellite accounts for 1996 and 1997. Survey of Current Business.80, (7), 8 -2000.
  • Engel, Cynthia. Health services industry: Still a job machine?. Monthly Labor Review.122, (3), 3-14.1999.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1999): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1996: Interview Survey and Detailed Expenditure Files. Version 1. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.