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National Survey of Adolescents in the United States, 1995

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Kilpatrick, Dean G. (Medical University of South Carolina, National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center)
  • Saunders, Benjamin E. (Medical University of South Carolina, National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2000-06-05
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
adolescents; child care; delinquent behavior; demographic characteristics; family violence; life events; mental health; school violence; substance abuse; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    The goal of this study was to test specific hypotheses illustrating the relationships among serious victimization experiences, the mental health effects of victimization, substance abuse/use, and delinquent behavior in adolescents. The study assessed familial and nonfamilial types of violence. It was designed as a telephone survey of American youth aged 12-17 living in United States households and residing with a parent or guardian. One parent or guardian in each household was interviewed briefly to establish rapport, secure permission to interview the targeted adolescent, and to ensure the collection of comparative data to examine potential nonresponse bias from households without adolescent participation. All interviews with both parents and adolescents were conducted using Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) technology. From the surveys of parents and adolescents, the principal investigators created one data file by attaching the data from the parents to the records of their respective adolescents. Adolescents were asked whether violence and drug abuse were problems in their schools and communities and what types of violence they had personally witnessed. They were also asked about other stressful events in their lives, such as the loss of a family member, divorce, unemployment, moving to a new home or school, serious illness or injury, and natural disaster. Questions regarding history of sexual assault, physical assault, and harsh physical discipline elicited a description of the event and perpetrator, extent of injuries, age at abuse, whether alcohol or drugs were involved, and who was informed of the incident. Information was also gathered on the delinquent behavior of respondents and their friends, including destruction of property, assault, theft, sexual assault, and gang activity. Other questions covered history of personal and family substance use and mental health indicators, such as major depression, post-traumatic stress disorders, weight changes, sleeping disorders, and problems concentrating. Demographic information was gathered from the adolescents on age, race, gender, number of people living in household, and grade in school. Parents were asked whether they were concerned about violent crime, affordable child care, drug abuse, educational quality, gangs, and the safety of their children at school. In addition, they were questioned about their own victimization experiences and whether they discussed personal safety issues with their children. Parents also supplied demographic information on gender, marital status, number of children, employment status, education, race, and income.
  • Abstract

    Childhood victimization has been found to be strongly related to substance use/abuse/dependence, delinquent behavior, and a variety of other mental, emotional, and behavioral problems. In the past, studies have either examined victimization by studying family violence and ignored other victimization experiences, or have assessed criminal violence and disregarded violence perpetrated by family members. This study assessed both familial and nonfamilial violence. The goal of the study was to test specific hypotheses generated by a theoretically and empirically constructed conceptual framework that illustrated the relationships among serious victimization experiences, the mental health effects of victimization, substance use/abuse, and delinquent behavior. The research objectives were (1) to provide descriptive information about cases of familial and nonfamilial violent assault, delinquent behavior, mental health problems, and substance use, abuse, and dependence, broken down by age, gender, family income, and racial/ethnic group among American adolescents, (2) to test a risk factor model that hypothesized relationships between violent familial and nonfamilial victimization in childhood and adolescence and risk of post traumatic stress disorder, delinquent behavior, and substance use, abuse, and dependence, and (3) to examine potential differences between gender and ethnic minority groups in the correlates and consequences of substance use/abuse/dependence and delinquent behavior. The primary hypothesis of this study was that victimization during childhood and/or adolescence increased the risk of developing significant psychological distress and substance use, which in turn increased risk for substance abuse or dependence, delinquent behavior, and subsequent victimization.
  • Abstract

    The study was designed as a telephone survey of American youth between the ages of 12-17 who (1) were living in United States households with telephones, (2) resided with a parent or guardian, and (3) could converse in English or Spanish. All sample selection and interviewing was done by Schulman, Ronca, and Bucuvalas, Inc. (SRBI), a New York-based survey research team. All interviews with both parents and adolescents were conducted using Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) technology. After determining that the household contained one or more eligible adolescents, interviewers asked to speak to a parent or guardian. One parent or guardian in each household was interviewed briefly to establish rapport, secure permission to interview the targeted adolescent, and to ensure the collection of comparative data to examine potential nonresponse bias from households without adolescent participation. Parents and guardians were provided the opportunity to call a toll-free number to confirm the authenticity of the study. Whenever possible, adolescents were interviewed immediately following the parent or guardian interviews. Otherwise, appointments were scheduled when possible or blind callbacks at different times of the day or days of the week were made. As an incentive for participation, adolescent participants received a certificate of participation in the "National Survey of Adolescents" and a check for five dollars as compensation for their time. From the surveys of parents and adolescents, the principal investigators created one data file by attaching the data from the parents to the records of their respective adolescents.
  • Abstract

    Adolescents were asked whether violence and drug abuse were problems in their schools and communities and what types of violence they had personally witnessed. They were also asked about other stressful events in their lives, such as the loss of a family member, divorce, unemployment, moving to a new home or school, serious illness or injury, and natural disaster. Questions regarding history of sexual assault, physical assault, and harsh physical discipline elicited a description of the event and perpetrator, extent of injuries, age at abuse, whether alcohol or drugs were involved, and who was informed of the incident. Information was also gathered on the delinquent behavior of respondents and their friends, including destruction of property, assault, theft, sexual assault, and gang activity. Other questions covered history of personal and family substance use and mental health indicators, such as major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, weight changes, sleeping disorders, and problems concentrating. Demographic information was gathered from the adolescents on age, race, gender, number of people living in household, and grade in school. Parents were asked whether they were concerned about violent crime, affordable child care, drug abuse, educational quality, gangs, and the safety of their children at school. In addition, they were questioned about their own victimization experiences and whether they discussed personal safety issues with their children. Parents also supplied demographic information on gender, marital status, number of children, employment status, education, race, and income.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Several Likert-type scales were used.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Parents in 90.1 percent of eligible households completed interviews and parents in 78.9 percent of eligible households gave permission for their adolescents to be interviewed. Adolescent interviews were completed in 75 percent of eligible households, 83.2 percent of households with completed parent interviews, and 95 percent of households with parental permission.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: NATIONAL SURVEY OF ADOLESCENTS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1995
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995-01 / 1995-06
    Time period: 1995-01--1995-06
  • 1995-01 / 1995-06
    Collection date: 1995-01--1995-06
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adolescents aged 12-17 in the United States.
Sampling
Stratified random sample.
Collection Mode
  • The user guide, codebook, and data collection instruments are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (93-IJ-CX-0023).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2833 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02833.v1
Publications
  • Kurtza, Don L., Linnemann, Travis, Green, Edward. Support, coercion, and delinquency: Testing aspects of an emerging theory. Journal of Crime and Justice.37, (3), 309-326.2014.
    • ID: 10.1080/0735648X.2013.860046 (DOI)
  • Wiseman, Jane. Incidence and Prevalence of Sexual Offending. Sex Offender Management Assessment and Planning Initiative.NCJ 247059, Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.smart.gov/SOMAPI/printerFriendlyPDF/adult-sec1.pdf (URL)
  • Zaykowski, Heather. Reporting physical assault: How experiences with violence influence adolescents' response to victimization. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.11, (1), 44-59.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204012447961 (DOI)
  • Ganao, Jessica S.D.. Assessing the differential impact of risk indicators on the delinquency of Latina and White females. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice.10, (3), 180-198.2012.
    • ID: 10.1080/15377938.2012.700828 (DOI)
  • Spohn, Ryan E.. Delinquent friends and reactions to strain: An examination of direct and indirect pathways. Western Criminology Review.13, (1), 16-36.2012.
  • Thompson, Erin L.. Childhood Trauma and Juvenile Delinquency: Does Timing of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Mediate the Association?. Thesis, Georgetown University. 2012.
  • Amstadter, Ananda B., Elwood, Lisa S., Begle, Angela M., Gudmundsdottir, Berglind, Smith, Daniel W., Resnick, Heidi S., Hanson, Rochelle F., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Predictors of physical assault victimization: Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents. Addictive Behaviors.36, (8), 814-820.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.03.008 (DOI)
  • Ayer, Lynsay A., Cisler, Josh M., Kmett Danielson, Carla, Amstadter, Ananda B., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Adolescent posttraumatic stress disorder: An examination of factor structure reliability in two national samples. Journal of Anxiety Disorders.25, (3), 411-421.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.11.004 (DOI)
  • Elwood, Lisa S., Smith, Daniel W., Resnick, Heidi S., Gudmundsdottir, Berglind, Amstadter, Ananda B., Hanson, Rochelle F., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Predictors of rape: Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress.24, (2), 166-173.2011.
    • ID: 10.1002/jts.20624 (DOI)
  • Forehand, Gregory L.. An Investigation of the Relationships between Violence Exposure, Internalizing and Externalizing Problems, and Adolescent Alcohol Use. Dissertation, Portland State University. 2011.
  • McCart, Michael R., Zajac, Kristyn, Danielson, Carla Kmett, Strachan, Martha, Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Smith, Daniel W., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Interpersonal victimization, posttraumatic stress disorder, and change in adolescent substance use prevalence over a ten-year period. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.40, (1), 136-143.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/15374416.2011.533411 (DOI)
  • Saul, Andrea L.. Posttraumatic Distress as Experienced by Adolescents: Traumatic Stress Through Adolescent Eyes. Dissertation, DePaul University. 2011.
  • Spohn, Ryan E., Kurtz, Don L.. Family structure as a social context for family conflict: Unjust strain and serious delinquency. Criminal Justice Review.36, (3), 332-356.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0734016811402495 (DOI)
  • Tcherni, Maria. The Value of Human Life: An Individual-level Determinant of Violence. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 2011.
  • Zaykowski, Heather V.. Victim Consciousness: How Young People Make Sense of Victimization and Account for Their Responses to Violence. Dissertation, University of Delaware. 2011.
  • Ford, Julian D., Elhai, Jon D., Connor, Daniel F., Frueh, B. Christopher. Poly-victimization and risk of posttraumatic, depressive, and substance use disorders and involvement in delinquency in a national sample of adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health.46, (6), 545-552.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.11.212 (DOI)
  • Hawkins, Alesia Oscea, Danielson, Carla Kmett, de Arellano, Michael A., Hanson, Rochelle F., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Smith, Daniel W., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Ethnic/racial differences in the prevalence of injurious spanking and other child physical abuse in a national survey of adolescents. Child Maltreatment.15, (3), 242-249.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559510367938 (DOI)
  • Kierkus, Christopher A., Johnson, Brian R., Hewitt, John D.. Cohabiting, family and community stressors, selection, and juvenile delinquency. Criminal Justice Review.35, (4), 393-411.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0734016810379338 (DOI)
  • Macdonald, Alexandra, Danielson, Carla Kmett, Resnick, Heidi S., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. PTSD and comorbid disorders in a representative sample of adolescents: The risk associated with multiple exposures to potentially traumatic events. Child Abuse and Neglect.34, (10), 773-783.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2010.03.006 (DOI)
  • Potter, Daniel J.. How maltreatment matters: Effects on child maltreatment on academic performance. Children and Youth Speak for Themselves.Bradford, GBR: Emerald Group Publishing. 2010.
    • ID: 10.1108/S1537-4661(2010)0000013010 (DOI)
  • Wolitzky-Taylor, Kate B., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., McCart, Michael R., Smith, Daniel W., Hanson, Rochelle F., Resnick, Heidi S., de Arellano, Michael A., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Has adolescent suicidality decreased in the United States? Data from two national samples of adolescents interviewed in 1995 and 2005. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.39, (1), 64-76.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/15374410903401146 (DOI)
  • Carson, Dena C., Sullivan, Christopher J., Cochran, John K., Lersch, Kim M.. General Strain Theory and the relationship between early victimization and drug use. Deviant Behavior.30, (1), 54-88.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/01639620802050023 (DOI)
  • Cougle, Jesse R., Resnick, Heidi, Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Does prior exposure to interpersonal violence increase risk of PTSD following subsequent exposure?. Behavior Research and Therapy.47, (12), 1012-1017.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.07.014 (DOI)
  • Danielson, Carla K., Amstadter, Ananda B., Dangelmaier, Ruth E., Resnick, Heidi S., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Trauma-related risk factors for substance abuse among male versus female young adults. Addictive Behaviors.34, (4), 395-399.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.11.009 (DOI)
  • Danielson, Carla Kmett, Armstadter, Ananda B., Dangelmaier, Ruth E., Resnick, Heidi S., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Does typography of substance abuse and dependence differ as a function of exposure to child maltreatment?. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse.18, (4), 323-342.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/10678280902973310 (DOI)
  • Elhai, Jon D., Ford, Julian D., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Frueh, B. Christopher. Diagnostic alterations for post-traumatic stress disorder: Examining data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication and National Survey of Adolescents. Psychological Medicine.39, (12), 1957-1966.2009.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0033291709005819 (DOI)
  • Ford, Julian D., Elhai, Jon D., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Frueh, B. Christopher. Refining posttraumatic stress disorder diagnosis: Evaluation of symptom criteria with the National Survey of Adolescents. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.70, (5), 748-755.2009.
  • Kierkus, Christopher A., Hewitt, John D.. The contextual nature of the family structure/delinquency relationship. Journal of Criminal Justice.37, (2), 123-132.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2009.02.008 (DOI)
  • Kilpatrick, Dean G., Resnick, Heidi S., Acierno, Ron. Should PTSD criterion A be retained?. Journal of Traumatic Stress.22, (5), 374-383.2009.
    • ID: 10.1002/jts.20436 (DOI)
  • Lawrence, Daysha R.. Childhood Victimization and Adolescent Delinquency: An Application of Differential Association Theory. Thesis, University of Akron. 2009.
  • Nofziger, Stacey. Deviant lifestyles and violent victimization at school. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.24, (9), 1494-1517.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260508323667 (DOI)
  • Tcherni, Maria. Poverty, Violence, and the Value of Life. 2009 Annual Meeting American Society of Criminology.Philadelphia, PA. 2009.
  • Addison-Scott, Kecia L.. Impact of Exposure to Community Violence on Indicators of Adolescent Academic Performance. Dissertation, Walden University. 2008.
  • Hanson, Rochelle F., Self-Brown, Shannon, Borntrager, Cameo, Kilpatrick, Dean G., Saunders, Benjamin E., Resnick, Heidi S., Amstradter, Ananda. Relations among gender, violence exposure, and mental health: The National Survey of Adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.78, (3), 313-321.2008.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0014056 (DOI)
  • Maschi, Tina, Bradley, Carolyn. Exploring the moderating influence of delinquent peers on the link between trauma, anger, and violence among male youth: Implications for social work practice. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.25, (2), 125-138.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10560-008-0116-2 (DOI)
  • Maschi, Tina, Bradley, Carolyn A., Morgen, Keith. Unraveling the link between trauma and delinquency: The mediating role of negative affect and delinquent peer exposure. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.6, (2), 136-157.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204007305527 (DOI)
  • Saul, Andrea L., Grant, Kathryn E., Carter, Jocelyn S.. Post-traumatic reactions in adolescents: How well do the DSM-IV PTSD criteria fit the real life experience of trauma exposed youth?. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.36, (6), 915-925.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10802-008-9222-z (DOI)
  • Scott, Kecia L. Addison. Impact of Exposure to Community Violence on Indicators of Adolescent Academic Performance. Dissertation, Walden University. 2008.
  • Stein, Rachel E., Nofziger, Stacey D.. Adolescent sexual victimization: Choice of confidant and the failure of authorities. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.6, (2), 158-177.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204007312291 (DOI)
  • Broman-Fulks, Joshua J., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Hanson, Rochelle F., Smith, Daniel W., Resnick, Heidi S., Kilpatrick, Dean G., Saunders, Benjamin E.. Sexual assault disclosure in relation to adolescent mental health: Results from the National Survey of Adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.36, (2), 260-266.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/15374410701279701 (DOI)
  • Carson, Dena C.. Using Agnew's General Strain Theory to Explain the Relationship between Early Victimization and Deviant Behavior. Thesis, University of South Florida. 2007.
  • McCart, Michael, Smith, Daniel W., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G., Resnick, Heidi, Ruggiero, Kenneth J.. Do urban adolescents become desensitized to community violence? Data from a national survey. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.77, (3), 434-442.2007.
    • ID: 10.1037/0002-9432.77.3.434 (DOI)
  • Waldrop, Angela E., Hanson, Rochelle F., Resnick, Heidi S., Kilpatrick, Dean G., Naugle, Amy E., Saunders, Benjamin E.. Risk factors for suicidal behavior among a national sample of adolescents: Implications for prevention. Journal of Traumatic Stress.20, (5), 869-879.2007.
    • ID: 10.1002/jts.20291 (DOI)
  • Carson, Dena. Assessing and Understanding the Factors that Contribute to Alcohol and Drug Use in Juveniles. 2006 Annual Meeting American Society of Criminology.Los Angeles, CA. 2006.
  • Hanson, Rochelle F., Self-Brown, Shannon, Fricker-Elhai, Adrienne, Kilpatrick, Dean G., Saunders, Benjamin E., Resnick, Heidi. Relations among parental substance use, violence exposure and mental health: The national survey of adolescents. Addictive Behaviors.31, 1988-2001.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.01.012 (DOI)
  • Hanson, Rochelle F., Self-Brown, Shannon, Fricker-Elhai, Adrienne, Kilpatrick, Dean G., Saunders, Benjamin E., Resnick, Heidi S.. The relations between family environment and violence exposure among youth: Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents. Child Maltreatment.11, (1), 3-15.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559505279295 (DOI)
  • Lawyer, Steven R., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Resnik, Heidi S., Kilpatrick, Dean J., Saunders, Benjamin E.. Mental health correlates of the victim-perpetrator relationship among interpersonally victimized adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.21, (10), 1333-1353.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260506291654 (DOI)
  • Maschi, Tina. Trauma and violent delinquent behavior among males: The moderating role of social support. Stress, Trauma and Crisis.9, (1), 45-72.2006.
    • ID: 10.1080/15434610500506233 (DOI)
  • Maschi, Tina. Unraveling the link between trauma and male delinquency: The cumulative versus differential risk perspectives. Social Work.51, (1), 59-70.2006.
    • ID: 10.1093/sw/51.1.59 (DOI)
  • Nofziger, Stacey, Stein, Rachel E.. To tell or not to tell: Lifestyle impacts on whether adolescents tell about violent victimization. Violence and Victims.21, (3), 371-382.2006.
    • ID: 10.1891/vivi.21.3.371 (DOI)
  • Yarbrough, Angela. The Effects of Witnessing and Experiencing Family Violence in Childhood on Adolescent Delinquency. 2006 Annual Meeting American Society of Criminology.Los Angeles, CA. 2006.
  • Castro, Jennifer L., Landry, Bart L.. Race, gender and class variation in the effect of neighborhood violence on adolescent use of violence. Race, Gender and Class.12, (1), 97-120.2005.
  • Kogan, Steven M.. The role of disclosing child sexual abuse on adolescent adjustment and revictimization. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse.14, (2), 25-47.2005.
    • ID: 10.1300/J070v14n02_02 (DOI)
  • Nofziger, Stacey, Kurtz, Don. Violent Lives: A Lifestyle Model Linking Exposure to Violence to Juvenile Violent Offending. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.42, (1), 3-26.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427803262061 (DOI)
  • Stevens, Tomika N., Ruggiero, Kenneth, Kilpatrick, Dean G., Resnick, Heidi S., Saunders, Benjamin E.. Variables differentiating singly and multiply vicitimized youth: Results from the National Survey of Adolescents and implications for secondary prevention. Child Maltreatment.10, (3), 211-223.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559505274675 (DOI)
  • Cook, Philip J., Ludwig, Jens. Does gun prevalence affect teen gun carrying after all?. Criminology.42, (1), 27-54.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2004.tb00512.x (DOI)
  • Kogan, Steven M.. Disclosing unwanted sexual experiences: Results from a national sample of adolescent women. Child Abuse and Neglect.28, (2), 147-165.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2003.09.014 (DOI)
  • Rheingold, Alyssa A., Smith, Daniel W., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G.. Loss, trauma exposure, and mental health in a representative sample of 12-17-year-old youth: Data from the National Survey of Adolescents. Journal of Loss and Trauma.9, (1), 1-19.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/15325020490255250 (DOI)
  • Hanson, Rochelle F., Kievit, Lisha W., Saunders, Benjamin E.. Correlates of adolescent reports of sexual assault: Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents. Child Maltreatment.8, (4), 261-272.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559503257087 (DOI)
  • Kilpatrick, Dean G., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Acierno, Ron, Saunders, Benjamin E., Resnick, Heidi S., Best, Connie L.. Violence and risk of PTSD, major depression, substance abuse/dependence, and comorbidity: Results from the National Survey of Adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.71, (4), 692-700.2003.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-006X.71.4.692 (DOI)
  • Kilpatrick, Dean G., Saunders, Benjamin E., Smith, Daniel W.. Youth Victimization: Prevalence and Implications. Research in Brief.NCJ 194972, Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/194972.pdf (URL)
  • Nofziger, Stacey. Correlations and Consequences of Juvenile Exposure to Violence: A Replication and Extension of Major Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents, Executive Summary. NCJ 203981, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice [distributor]. University of Akron [producer]. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/203981.pdf (URL)
  • Saunders, Benjamin E.. Understanding children exposed to violence: Toward an integration of overlapping fields. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.18, (4), 356-376.2003.
  • Spohn, Ryan Edward. Strain and Deviant Adaptations: The Conditioning Role of Social and Economic Factors. Dissertation, University of Iowa. 2003.
  • Acierno, Ron, Kilpatrick, Dean G., Resnick, Heidi, Saunders, Benjamin, De Arellano, Michael, Best, Connie. Assault, PTSD, family substance use, and depression as risk factors for cigarette use in youth: Findings from the National Suvey of Adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress.13, (3), 381-396.2000.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1007772905696 (DOI)
  • Boggess, Scott, Bradner, Carolyn. Trends in adolescent males' abortion attitudes, 1988-1995: Differences by race and ethniciy. Family Planning Perspectives.32, (3), 118 -2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2648160 (URL)
  • Crouch, Julie L., Hanson, Rochelle F., Saunders, Benjamin E., Kilpatrick, Dean G., Resnick, Heidi S.. Income, race/ethnicity, and exposure to violence in youth: Results from the National Survey of Adolescents. Journal of Community Psychology.28, (6), 625-641.2000.
    • ID: 10.1002/1520-6629(200011)28:6<625::AID-JCOP6>3.0.CO;2-R (DOI)
  • Kilpatrick, Dean G., Acierno, Ron, Saunders, Benjamin, Resnick, Heidi S., Best, Connie L., Schnurr, Paula P.. Risk Factors for Adolescent Substance Abuse and Dependence: Data From a National Sample. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.68, (1), 19-30.2000.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-006X.68.1.19 (DOI)
  • Kilpatrick, Dean G., Saunders, Benjamin E.. Prevalence and Consequences of Child Victimization: Results from the National Survey of Adolescents. Final Report.NCJ 181028, Charleston, SC: Medical University of South Carolina [producer], National Institute of Justice [distributor]. 1997.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/181028.pdf (URL)
  • Kilpatrick, Dean, Saunders, Benjamin. Prevalence and Consequences of Child Victimization. NIJ Research Preview.NCJ 184378, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1997.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Kilpatrick, Dean G.; Saunders, Benjamin E. (2000): National Survey of Adolescents in the United States, 1995. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02833