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Detroit Area Study, 1992: Social Change in Detroit

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Farley, Reynolds (University of Michigan. Department of Sociology)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Detroit Area Studies Series
Publication Date
2000-08-04
Language
English
Free Keywords
Affirmative Action; African Americans; Black White relations; cities; economic behavior; educational opportunities; educationally disadvantaged; employment discrimination; employment potential; employment qualifications; ethnic discrimination; hiring practices; housing discrimination; job requirements; minority affairs; neighborhood conditions; occupational mobility; political attitudes; public opinion; quality of life; racial attitudes; residential segregation; social attitudes; social change; social issues; work attitudes
Description
  • Abstract

    This survey focused on factors that influence social change in the Michigan tri-county area of Oakland, Macomb, and Wayne counties and the changes that have occurred over time with respect to different ethnic groups and women. Respondents' opinions were sought on issues such as job discrimination, including pay and promotion on the basis of race, ethnicity, or gender, factors that influence employers in hiring decisions, such as experience in line of work, formal education, references, looks and appearance, age, race, and gender, possible reasons for Blacks' having worse jobs, income, and housing than Whites, and factors that affect this situation, such as racial discrimination, perceived inferior ability, lack of educational opportunities, and lack of motivation on the part of Blacks. The survey also elicited respondents' views on factors influencing residential segregation, including the lack of affordable housing for African Americans and other ethnic minorities and the lack of Whites' acceptance of these ethnic minority groups in White neighborhoods. Other variables probed respondents' attitudes toward interracial marriage, segregated and desegregated schools, all-Black male and all-Black female public schools, nonviolent and violent means of social change among Blacks, government legislative measures such as the cut in welfare cost, parental approval for under-age abortion, the amount of federal taxes paid, and affirmative action for women and African Americans in job training, education, hiring, and promotion. Also explored were respondents' feelings about the quality of city and neighborhood services, public schools, crime, and the desirability of living in Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb counties and some of the suburbs around Detroit. Additional variables examined respondents' views on comparative wealth and intelligence among ethnic groups such as Asians, Blacks, Hispanics, Arab Americans, and Whites, the degree of discrimination toward Hispanics, Blacks, Asians, and women, and the high degree of self-reliance among immigrant groups and nationalities in the United States as compared to United States minorities such as African Americans. Questions on the respondents' educational background covered the level of education and professional qualifications. Additional information gathered by the survey includes duration of residence in the tri-county area and at the current residence, place of previous residence, employment status, place of employment, mode of transportation to work, income, current debts and assets, job benefits, previous military service, information on family and household members, religious denomination, presidential candidate preference, age, race, ethnicity, skin tone if Black, marital status, and gender.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Restricted Use data
    • DS2: Public Use data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1992
  • Collection date: 1992
Geographic Coverage
  • Detroit
  • Michigan
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adults aged 18 and over residing in households located in the Michigan tri-county area of Oakland, Macomb, and Wayne counties. Smallest Geographic Unit: Region (public use); City (restricted use)
Sampling
One respondent was selected at random from all eligible persons within each household.
Collection Mode
  • Confidentiality/Disclosure Risk: To limit possible disclosure risk, the variables IWRNO, RCITY, A4, C6A, C6B, C6C, E4E, E7A, SPSAGE, MOMAGE, DADAGE, ADLT1AGE, ADLT2AGE, ADLT3AGE, CODERID, E1D1, E1C, E1D2, and F10 have been dropped from the public use data.

Note
2015-12-02 The public use codebook is being added.2015-11-16 The data, setup, and documentation files have been reformatted to current standards and a restricted version of the collection is being provided that includes variables previously masked.2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2880 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02880.v1
Publications
  • Brown, R. Khari. Denominational differences in White Christian housing-related racial attitudes. Journal of Religion and Society.10, 2008.
  • Farley, Reynolds, Danziger, Sheldon, Holzer, Harry J.. Detroit Divided: A Volume in the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality. New York, NY: Russell Sage. 2000.
  • Thornton, M.C., Taylor, R.J., Brown, T.N.. Correlates of racial label use among Americans of African descent: Colored, Negro, Black, and African American. Race and Society.2, (2), 149-164.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S1090-9524(00)00012-7 (DOI)
  • Brown, Tony N.. Predictors of racial label preference in Detroit: Examining trends from 1971 to 1992. Sociological Spectrum.19, (4), 421-442.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/027321799280118 (DOI)
  • Krysan, Maria. Qualifying a quantifying analysis on racial equality. Social Psychology Quarterly.62, (2), 211-218.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2695858 (URL)
  • Cohn, Samuel, Fossett, Mark. The Other Reason Job Suburbanization Hurts Blacks: The Relationship Between the Location and Racial Composition of Employment in Detroit and Atlanta, 1980. Urban Affairs Review.34, (1), 94-125.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/107808749803400105 (DOI)
  • Farley, Reynolds. The residential preferences of Blacks and whites: A four-metropolis analysis. Housing Policy Debate.8, (4), 763-800.1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/10511482.1997.9521278 (DOI)
  • Reeves, Keith. Voting Hopes or Fears? White Voters, Black Candidates and Racial Politics in America. New York: Oxford University Press. 1997.
  • Bledsoe, Timothy, Combs, Michael, Sigelman, Lee, Welch, Susan. Trends in Racial Attitudes in Detroit, 1968-1992. Urban Affairs Review.31, (4), 508-528.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/107808749603100404 (DOI)
  • Bobo, Lawrence, Zubrinsky, Camille L.. Attitudes on residential integration: Perceived status differences, mere in-group preference, or racial prejudice?. Social Forces.74, (3), 883 -1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2580385 (URL)
  • Farley, Reynolds. Racial differences in the search for housing: Do whites and Blacks use the same techniques to find housing?. Housing Policy Debate.7, (2), 367-385.1996.
    • ID: 10.1080/10511482.1996.9521225 (DOI)
  • Steeh, Charlotte, Krysan, Maria. Affirmative action and the public, 1970-1995. Public Opinion Quarterly.60, (1), 128 -1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/297742 (DOI)
  • Farley, Reynolds, Frey, William H.. Changes in the segregation of whites from blacks during the 1980s: Small steps toward a more integrated society. American Sociological Review.59, (1), 23 -1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096131 (URL)
  • Farley, Reynolds, Steeh, Charlotte, Jackson, Tara, Krysan, Maria, Reeves, Keith. The Causes of Continued Racial Residential Segregation: Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs Revisited. Journal of Housing Research.4, 1-38.1994.
  • Farley, Reynolds, Steeh, Charlotte, Krysan, Maria, Jackson, Tara, Reeves, Keith. Stereotypes and segregation: Neighborhoods in the Detroit area. American Journal of Sociology.100, (3), 750-780.1994.
    • ID: 10.1086/230580 (DOI)
  • Jackson, Tara Diane. Prejudice as a determinant of the residential preferences of whites and Blacks. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1994.
  • Krysan, Maria, Schuman, Howard, Scott Lesli Jo, Beatty, Paul. Response rates and response content in mail versus face-to-face surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly.58, (3), 381 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1086/269433 (DOI)
  • Farley, Reynolds, Steeh, Charlotte, Jackson, Tara. The Causes of Continued Racial Residential Segregation: Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs Revisited. Association Paper.American Sociological Association (ASA). 1993.
  • Farley, Reynolds, Steeh, Charlotte, Jackson, Tara, Krysan, Maria, Reeves, Keith. Continued Racial Residential Segregation in Detroit: 'Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs' Revisited. Journal of Housing Research.4, 1-38.1993.
  • Holzer, Harry. Detroit labor market: A view from the employer side. . .

Update Metadata: 2015-12-02 | Issue Number: 9 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Farley, Reynolds (2000): Detroit Area Study, 1992: Social Change in Detroit. Archival Version. Detroit Area Studies Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02880