Historical, Demographic, Economic, and Social Data: The United States, 1790-2002

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Haines, Michael R. (Colgate University)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Population and Housing, 1790-1950 [United States] Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation. RANN Division
Free Keywords
agriculture; census data; climate; counties; demographic characteristics; economic conditions; eighteenth century; families; historical data; housing; local government; manufacturing; marriage; national identity; nineteenth century; occupations; political change; population; population size; poverty; religion; retail; school enrollments; service industry; Social Security; states (USA); twentieth century; vital statistics
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains detailed county and state-level ecological and descriptive data for the United States for the years 1790 to 2002. Parts 1-43 are an update to HISTORICAL, DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL DATA: THE UNITED STATES, 1790-1970 (ICPSR 0003). Parts 1-41 contain data from the 1790-1970 censuses. They include extensive information about the social and political character of the United States, including a breakdown of population by state, race, nationality, number of families, size of the family, births, deaths, marriages, occupation, religion, and general economic condition. Parts 42 and 43 contain data from the 1840 and 1870 Censuses of Manufacturing, respectively. These files include information about the number of persons employed in various industries and the quantities of different types of manufactured products. Parts 44-50 provide county-level data from the United States Census of Agriculture for 1840 to 1900. They also include the state and national totals for the variables. The files provide data about the number, types, and prices of various agricultural products. Parts 51-57 contain data on religious bodies and church membership for 1906, 1916, 1926, 1936, and 1952, respectively. Parts 58-69 consist of data from the CITY DATA BOOKS for 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1977, 1983, 1988, 1994, and 2000, respectively. These files contain information about population, climate, housing units, hotels, birth and death rates, school enrollment and education expenditures, employment in various industries, and city government finances. Parts 70-81 consist of data from the COUNTY DATA BOOKS for 1947, 1949, 1952, 1956, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1977, 1983, 1988, 1994, and 2000, respectively. These files include information about population, employment, housing, agriculture, manufacturing, retail, services, trade, banking, Social Security, local governments, school enrollment, hospitals, crime, and income. Parts 82-84 contain data from USA COUNTIES 1998. Due to the large number of variables from this source, the data were divided into into three separate data files. Data include information on population, vital statistics, school enrollment, educational attainment, Social Security, labor force, personal income, poverty, housing, trade, farms, ancestry, commercial banks, and transfer payments. Parts 85-106 provide data from the United States Census of Agriculture for 1910 to 2002. They provide data about the amount, types, and prices of various agricultural products. Also, these datasets contain extensive information on the amount, expenses, sales, values, and production of farms and machinery.
  • Methods

  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1790 Census (County and State)
    • DS2: 1800 Census (County and State)
    • DS3: 1810 Census (County and State)
    • DS4: 1820 Census (County and State)
    • DS5: 1830 Census (County and State)
    • DS6: 1840 Census (County and State)
    • DS7: 1850 Census (County and State)
    • DS8: 1850 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS9: 1860 Census (County and State)
    • DS10: 1860 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS11: 1870 Census (County and State)
    • DS12: 1870 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS13: 1870 Census S02 (State Only)
    • DS14: 1870 Census S03 (State Only)
    • DS15: 1880 Census (County and State)
    • DS16: 1880 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS17: 1880 Census S02 (State Only)
    • DS18: 1890 Census (County and State)
    • DS19: 1890 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS20: 1900 Census (County and State)
    • DS21: 1900 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS22: 1910 Census (County and State)
    • DS23: 1910 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS24: 1920 Census (County and State)
    • DS25: 1920 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS26: 1930 Census I (County and State)
    • DS27: 1930 Census II (County and State)
    • DS28: 1930 Census III (County and State)
    • DS29: 1930 Census IV Families (County and State)
    • DS30: 1937 Census of Unemployment (County and State)
    • DS31: 1930 Census S01 (State Only)
    • DS32: 1940 Census I (County and State)
    • DS33: 1940 Census II (County and State)
    • DS34: 1940 Census SO1 (State Only)
    • DS35: 1950 Census I (County and State)
    • DS36: 1950 Census II (County and State)
    • DS37: 1950 Census SO1 (State Only)
    • DS38: 1960 Census I (County and State)
    • DS39: 1960 Census II (County and State)
    • DS40: 1960 Census III (County and State)
    • DS41: 1970 Census (County and State)
    • DS42: 1840 Manufacturing Data (County and State)
    • DS43: 1870 Manufacturing Data (County and State)
    • DS44: 1840 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS45: 1850 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS46: 1860 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS47: 1870 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS48: 1880 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS49: 1890 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS50: 1900 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS51: 1870 Census of Religious Bodies (County and State)
    • DS52: 1890 Census of Religious Bodies (County and State)
    • DS53: 1906 Census of Religious Bodies (County and State)
    • DS54: 1916 Census of Religious Bodies (County and State)
    • DS55: 1926 Census of Religious Bodies (County and State)
    • DS56: 1936 Census of Religious Bodies (County and State)
    • DS57: 1952 Survey of Churches and Church Membership (County and State)
    • DS58: 1944 City Data Book
    • DS59: 1949 City Data Book
    • DS60: 1952 City Data Book
    • DS61: 1956 City Data Book
    • DS62: 1962 City Data Book
    • DS63: 1967 City Data Book
    • DS64: 1972 City Data Book
    • DS65: 1977 City Data Book
    • DS66: 1983 City Data Book
    • DS67: 1988 City Data Book
    • DS68: 1994 City Data Book
    • DS69: 2000 City Data Book
    • DS70: 1947 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS71: 1949 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS72: 1952 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS73: 1956 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS74: 1962 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS75: 1967 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS76: 1972 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS77: 1977 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS78: 1983 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS79: 1988 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS80: 1994 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS81: 2000 County Data Book (County and State)
    • DS82: 1998 USA Counties Part A
    • DS83: 1998 USA Counties Part B
    • DS84: 1998 USA Counties Part C
    • DS85: 1910 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS86: 1920 Census of Agriculture (County and State)
    • DS87: 1950 Data Set I (County and State)
    • DS88: 1950 Data Set II (County)
    • DS89: 1954 Data Set I (County and State)
    • DS90: 1959 Data Set I (County and State)
    • DS91: 1959 Data Set II (County)
    • DS92: 1964 Data Set I (County and State)
    • DS93: 1964 Data Set II (County)
    • DS94: 1969 Data Set I (County and State)
    • DS95: 1969 Data Set II (County and State)
    • DS96: 1974 Data Set I (County and State)
    • DS97: 1974 Data Set II (County and State)
    • DS98: 1974 Data Set III
    • DS99: 1978 Data Set (County and State)
    • DS100: 1982 Data Set (County and State)
    • DS101: 1987 Data Set (County and State)
    • DS102: 1992 Data Set (County and State)
    • DS103: 1997 Data Set (County and State)
    • DS104: 2002 Data Set (County and State)
    • DS105: 2002 Data Set (Flags)
    • DS106: Farm Land Value Data Set
Temporal Coverage
  • 1790 / 2002
    Time period: 1790--2002
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The population of the United States from 1790-2002.
Collection Mode
  • The augmented and corrected version of HISTORICAL, DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL DATA: THE UNITED STATES, 1790-1970 (ICPSR 0003)differed from the original version of ICPSR 0003 in several respects: (a) Data were checked to ensure that county totals added up to states and that states added up to the country total. (b) This collection includes all missing territories and the District of Columbia, and the national totals were added in, including Alaska and Hawaii, when the data were available. The original dataset did not include the District of Columbia, some territories at some dates, and the national totals. (c) New variables were added. One example is the information on housing from the censuses of 1890 to 1920. An entire new dataset from the United States Census of 1930 on "Families" was added (Part 30). (d) Some regular extra variables were added, including the county and state FIPS codes, codes for census region, and a variable "level" (1 = county, 2 = state, 3 = USA) to allow for selection. Most of the published county data on population and housing were included up to the early 20th century. Some data on manufacturing and agriculture are also present. (e) Some new variables have been created. Most notably, the urban population of each county in the United States has been calculated from the original Census Bureau worksheets for the period 1790 to 1930. When urban areas cut across county boundaries, the population was allocated according to the census data. (f) Some new variables have simply been calculated from the existing data, such as total population and total population by age and sex (when not presented).

    For Parts 44-50 most of the basic crop output data apply to the previous harvest year. Since the censuses were taken in June, this means the data refer to 1839, 1849, 1859, 1869, 1879, 1889, and 1899. Only after 1880 was a distinction made as to time period in the published data. The stock variables, such as value of farms, numbers of livestock, and acreage, apply to the time of the census.

    For Parts 44-50 the principal investigator made several adjustments to the data files. (a) Data were checked to ensure that county totals added up to the states and that states added up to the country total whenever counts were involved. (b) Some regular extra variables were added, including the county and state FIPS codes, codes for census region, and a variable "level" (1 = county 2 = state 3 = USA) to allow for selection. (c) For 1840-1860, some additional variables were created. These involved the inclusion of prices (by state) for various commodities, the multiplication of the physical quantities by those prices to obtain value of output of those commodities, and the summing of various values to obtain different measures of the value of agricultural output. This was not done for 1870 and subsequent censuses.

    For Parts 44-50 much of the basic information for 1840-1860 and 1880 was furnished by Lee A. Craig (North Carolina State University, Department of Economics) and Thomas Weiss (University of Kansas, Department of Economics). The price and output data for 1840-1860 were calculated by Lee Craig. Some variables were taken from ICPSR 0003. The data in this collection were compiled and corrected by Michael R. Haines (Colgate University, Department of Economics).

    Parts 82-84 contain data from USA COUNTIES 1998. Due to the large number of variables from this source, the data were divided into three separate data files. The three parts can be merged into one large data file.

    Part 7, 1850 Census (County and State); Parts 58-69, CITY DATA BOOKS; and Part 85, United States Census of Agriculture, in the previous version have been replaced with an updated version.

    Parts 86-106 (all of which are derived from Censuses of Agriculture 1920-2002) have been added to the data collection.

    This collection has been updated to now include SAS, PASW (SPSS), and Stata setup and ready-to-go files for all 106 parts.

    Variable labels for many variables in Parts 44-50, 85-97, 99-104, and 106 are truncated; please refer to the "Variable List for Parts 44-50, 85-97, 99-104, and 106 (Provided by the Data Producer)" section of the ICPSR codebook for the full version of the variable labels. For the other parts, variable labels for some variables are truncated; however, there is no documentation available for the full version of the variable labels.

    Parts 98 and 105 do not have documentation available in the "Data Sources" section of the codebook.

2010-05-21 Parts 7, 58 through 69, and 85 have been replaced with the updated version of the datasets. Parts 86 through 106 have been added to this version of the data collection. Also, SAS, PASW (SPSS), and Stata setup and ready-to-go files were produced for Parts 1-106.2006-03-30 File CB2896.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-04-29 These data are currently available as Stata system files. Technical issues were discovered with the files released with the previous version of this study. Also, Part 85, 1910 Census of Agriculture (County and State) has been added to this version. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation. RANN Division (GS-1435, GS-1435A1, GS-1231, GS-2473, and APR75-01320).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2896 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02896.v2
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15