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Reconsidering Domestic Violence Recidivism: Individual and Contextual Effects of Court Dispositions and Stake in Conformity in Hamilton County, Ohio, 1993-1998

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, census/enumeration data, event/transaction data, survey data
Creator
  • Wooldredge, John (University of Cincinnati)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2000-10-05
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrest records; communities; criminal histories; disposition (legal); domestic violence; offenders; recidivism
Description
  • Abstract

    This study examined empirical relationships between various court dispositions and the prevalence, incidence, and delay of domestic violence recidivism. It built on past research by examining the possible effects of formal and informal social controls at the individual level, as well as the contextual effects of community characteristics on individual behavior. The researchers collected information on 3,662 suspects arrested for misdemeanor domestic violence (specifically, assault against an intimate) in Hamilton County, Ohio, during August 1, 1993, to October 31, 1993, and January 1, 1995, to December 31, 1996. All arrestees in the sample were tracked until June 1998. The dataset includes information pertaining to demographic and background characteristics of suspects (e.g., race, age, means of support, education, employment, marital status, residential stability, number of children the suspect had, and if the suspect lived with a spouse and/or children at arrest), their criminal histories (prior convictions for misdemeanors and felonies, prior incarceration, alcohol/drug addiction, and pending charges), how their cases were disposed (e.g., no charges filed, charges dropped, acquitted at trial, sentenced to an offender program, probation, or jail), rearrests for domestic violence that occurred between the initial arrest and May 31, 1998, and the number of months that elapsed between case disposition and rearrest.
  • Abstract

    Mandatory arrest policies in cases of misdemeanor domestic violence were implemented in many jurisdictions across the United States during the 1980s. However, the true success of arrest alone in preventing or delaying recidivism remains unknown. Furthermore, the effectiveness of arrest might hinge on whether arrestees are actually prosecuted and convicted, and whether they are placed on probation and/or serve a jail sentence. This study examined empirical relationships between various court dispositions and the prevalence, incidence, and delay of domestic violence recidivism. It built on past research by examining the possible effects of formal and informal social controls at the individual level, as well as the contextual effects of community characteristics on individual behavior. Aggregate-level census measures (proportion of college-educated individuals, proportion of employed individuals, proportion of financially independent residents, etc.) were included to determine the extent that these neighborhood characteristics correlate to an individual's propensity to recidivate and/or conditioned relationships between formal controls and recidivism.
  • Abstract

    To study empirical relationships between court dispositions and the prevalence, incidence, and delay of recidivism for domestic violence, the researchers collected information on 3,662 suspects arrested for misdemeanor domestic violence in Hamilton County, Ohio, during August 1, 1993, to October 31, 1993, and January 1, 1995, to December 31, 1996. All arrestees in the sample were tracked until June 1998. The individual-level data were compiled from arrest reports, intake interview forms, and court records. Intake interview data provided the demographic and legal characteristics of suspects and information on their initial arrests, court records provided disposition information, and arrest reports provided the dates and types of all rearrests until May 31, 1998. The census tract data were obtained from the 1990 United States Census of Population and Housing.
  • Abstract

    The dataset includes information pertaining to demographic and background characteristics of suspects (e.g., race, age, means of support, education, employment, marital status, residential stability, number of children the suspect had, and if the suspect lived with a spouse and/or children at arrest), their criminal histories (prior convictions for misdemeanors and felonies, prior incarceration, alcohol/drug addiction, and pending charges), how their cases were disposed (e.g., no charges filed, charges dropped, acquitted at trial, sentenced to an offender program, probation, or jail), rearrests for domestic violence that occurred between the initial arrests and May 31, 1998, and the number of months that elapsed between case disposition and rearrest.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Reconsidering Domestic Violence Recidivism: Individual and Contextual Effects of Court Dispositions and Stake in Conformity in Hamilton County, Ohio, 1993-1998
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993 / 1998
    Time period: 1993--1998
  • 1995 / 1998
    Collection date: 1995--1998
Geographic Coverage
  • Ohio
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons arrested for misdemeanor domestic violence in Hamilton County, Ohio.
Sampling
The sample consists of all persons arrested for misdemeanor domestic violence (specifically, assault against an intimate) in Hamilton County, Ohio, during two time periods: August 1-October 31, 1993, and January 1, 1995-December 31, 1996.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (95-IJ-CX-0102).
Availability
Not available
This study is currently unavailable.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3013 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Garner, Joel, Maxwell, Christopher. The Crime Control Effects of Prosecuting Intimate Partner Violence in Hamilton County, Ohio: Reproducing and Extending the Analysis of Woodredge and Thistlethwaite. NCJ 222907, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/222907.pdf (URL)
  • Griffin, Timothy, Wooldredge, John. Sex-based disparities in felony disposition before versus after sentencing reform in Ohio. Criminology.44, (4), 893-923.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2006.00067.x (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John, Thistlethwaite, Amy. Changing marital status and desistance from intimate assault. Public Health Reports.121, 428-434.2006.
  • Thistlethwaite, Amy, Wooldredge, John. Court Dispositions and Rearrest for Intimate Assault. Crime and Delinquency.51, (1), 75-102.2005.
  • Wooldredge, John, Thistlethwaite, Amy. Bilevel disparities in court dispositions for intimate assault. Criminology.42, (2), 417-456.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2004.tb00525.x (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John, Thistlethwaite, Amy. Neighborhood structure and race-specific rates of intimate assault. Criminology.41, (2), 393-422.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2003.tb00992.x (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John. Examining the (ir)relevance of aggregation bias for multilevel studies of neighborhoods and crime with an example comparing census tracts to official neighborhoods in Cincinnati. Criminology.40, (3), 681-709.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2002.tb00970.x (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John, Thistlethwaite, Amy. Reconsidering domestic violence recidivism: Conditioned effects of legal controls by individual and aggregate levels of stake in conformity. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.18, (1), 45-70.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1013292812895 (DOI)
  • Thistlethwaite, Amy B.. Reconsidering domestic violence recidivism: The impact of court dispositions and stake in conformity. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati. 1999.
  • Wooldredge, John D., Thistlethwaite, Amy. Reconsidering Domestic Violence Recidivism: Individual and Contextual Effects of Court Dispositions and Stake in Conformity. Final Report.NCJ 188509, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/188509.pdf (URL)
  • Thistlethwaite, Amy, Wooldredge, John, Gibbs, David. Severity of Dispositions and the Likelihood of Domestic Violence Recidivism. Crime and Delinquency.44, (3), 388-398.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128798044003003 (DOI)
  • Wooldredge, John D., Thistlethwaite, Amy. Beyond Arrest for Domestic Violence: The Potential Impact of Court Dispositions, Offender Characteristics, and Neighborhood Factors on Recidivism. Research in Brief.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Wooldredge, John (2000): Reconsidering Domestic Violence Recidivism: Individual and Contextual Effects of Court Dispositions and Stake in Conformity in Hamilton County, Ohio, 1993-1998. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03013.v1