My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

European Election Study, 1994

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Schmitt, Hermann
  • van der Eijk, Cees
  • Scholz, Evi
  • Klein, Michael
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
campaign issues; elections; European Parliament; European Union; international politics; national interests; political interest; political parties; public opinion; voter attitudes; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    The European Election Study, 1994 (EES-94), is a study of the electorates of the 12 member states of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The study focuses in particular on the fourth elections to the European Parliament conducted in June 1994 and is derived from questions asked in Eurobarometers 40-42. The questionnaires used in each country were identical, apart from unavoidable differences in party names. Topics include respondents' attitudes regarding important campaign issues, particularly those concerning the European Community and the 1994 European Election, voting behavior and vote intention in national elections, probability of voting for a particular party, ideological position and value orientation, and political interest. A significant portion of the study is devoted to European and/or national policy topics. Other major areas of investigation include knowledge of and attitudes toward the European Union, its institutions, and other member states. Demographic variables include age, gender, date of birth, education, marital status, size of household and status of housing, number of children at home, occupation, family income, and perception of social class.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993-10 / 1994-12
    Time period: 1993-10--1994-12
  • 1993-10 / 1994-12
    Collection date: 1993-10--1994-12
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Union: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. In the first pre-election study, the sample was restricted to people of the respective nationality of each country, while the other three waves cover all residents of each member nation.
Sample points were drawn with probability proportional to population size and population density in each EU country.
Collection Mode
  • The European Election Study, 1994, was conducted as a separately funded part of the Eurobarometer surveys, which are produced under the jurisdiction of the European Community's Directorate-General for Information, Communication, and Culture--Unit Surveys, Research, and Analyses division.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3014 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Eijk, Cees van der, Franklin, Mark N., Marsh, Michael. What Voters Teach Us About Europe-wide Elections: What Europe-wide Elections Teach Us About Voters. Electoral Studies.15, (2), 149-166.1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(96)00009-1 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Schmitt, Hermann; van der Eijk, Cees; Scholz, Evi; Klein, Michael (2001): European Election Study, 1994. Version 1. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.