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State Legislative Survey and Contextual Data, 1995: [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, with contextual data about legislatures
  • Carey, John M.,
  • Niemi, Richard G.
  • Powell, Lynda W.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
campaign issues; elections; elective offices; political campaigns; political influence; public opinion; state legistlators; state legislatures; state politics; states (USA)
  • Abstract

    This survey of state legislators focused on attitudes toward term limits and what effects term limits might have. The survey was conducted just as term limits were about to be initiated in close to 20 states. Respondents were asked how many terms they had served, whether they supported the idea of term limits, and if they had taken a position on term limits during their campaigns. They were also asked about the relative influence of party leaders and staff, among others, in determining legislative outcomes and how this influence had changed recently. With regard to the job of legislator, respondents were queried regarding how many bills and amendments they had authored, how much time they spent on various duties and tasks, and if they specialized in single policy areas. Also elicited was campaign information regarding headquarters and staff, as well as information on opposition, vote percentages, and campaign expenditures. Additional questions regarding the respondent's political future were asked as well. Former state legislators also answered questions regarding which other offices they held, and whether they were appointed or elected to those positions. In addition, they were asked why they departed from the legislature, if they were likely to run for office again, what the political background of the person who held the seat after them was, and, if they chose not to run for re-election, the reason for that decision. Demographic information, including gender, year of birth, ethnicity, occupation outside of politics, income level, and religious affiliation was also collected. Contextual information was added to the file by the principal investigators, and includes data on state population, the date when term limits were adopted in the state, length of term, timing of elections, number of seats in the legislature, legislative expenditures, and legislator compensation.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1995
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All state legislators in all 50 states in spring 1995, as well as former legislators who served in 1993 or 1994.
Seventy-seven percent of the members of lower chambers of state legislatures. The number of legislators sampled in each chamber was proportional to the state population, with a minimum of 70 or the size of the chamber if that was less than 70. In addition, all presiding officers and majority and minority leaders were sampled. The response rate was 47 percent.
Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9422375). National Science Foundation (SBR-9422375).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3021 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03021.v1
  • Battista, James Coleman, Peress, Michael, Richman, Jesse. Common-space ideal points, committee assignments, and financial interests in the state legislatures. State Politics and Policy Quarterly.13, (1-2), 70-87.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532440012455525 (DOI)
  • Battista, James Coleman, Richman, Jesse T.. Party pressure in the U.S. state legislatures. Legislative Studies Quarterly.36, (3), 397-422.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1939-9162.2011.00020.x (DOI)
  • Carey, John M., Niemi, Richard G., Powell, Lynda W.. Term Limits in the State Legislatures. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 2000.
  • Carey, John M., Niemi, Richard G., Powell, Lynda W.. Are women state legislators different?. Women and Elective Office: Past, Present, and Future.New York: Oxford University Press. 1998.
  • Carey, John M., Niemi, Richard G., Powell, Lynda W.. The effects of term limits on state legislatures. Legislative Studies Quarterly.23, (2), 271-300.1998.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Carey, John M.,; Niemi, Richard G.; Powell, Lynda W. (2000): State Legislative Survey and Contextual Data, 1995: [United States]. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.