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Crime-Induced Business Relocations in the Austin [Texas] Metropolitan Area, 1995-1996

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Huff, David L. (University of Texas at Austin, Graduate School of Business)
  • Jarrett, James E. (University of Texas at Austin, Graduate School of Business)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2001-10-01
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
business conditions; businesses; crime control; crime prevention; police protection; relocation; security
Description
  • Abstract

    There were three key objectives to this study: (1) to determine the relative importance of crime-related as well as business-related factors in business relocation decisions, including business ownership, type of business, and business size, (2) to ascertain how businesses respond to crime and fear of crime, such as by moving, adding more security, requesting police protection, or cooperating with other businesses, and (3) to identify the types of crime prevention measures and assistance that businesses currently need and to assess the roles of business associations and police departments in providing enhanced crime prevention assistance. From November 1995 through February 1996 a mail survey was distributed to a sample of three different groups of businesses in Austin's 14 highest crime ZIP codes. The groups consisted of: (1) businesses that remained within the same ZIP code between 1990 and 1993, (2) new firms that either moved into a high-crime ZIP code area between 1990 and 1993 or were created in a high-crime ZIP code between 1990 and 1993, and (3) businesses that relocated from high-crime ZIP code areas to other locations in Austin's metropolitan area or elsewhere in Texas. Variables include type of business, ownership of business, number of employees, reasons for moving or staying in neighborhood, types of crime that affected business, owner's response to business crime, customer safety, and the role of business associations and the police in preventing crime.
  • Abstract

    Historically, business location decisions have been analyzed and decided on the basis of predominantly economic criteria. While that still appears to be the case, an increasing number of businesses and business owners may be considering crime as a factor in making business relocation decisions. There were three key objectives to this study: (1) to determine the relative importance of crime-related as well as business-related factors in business relocation decisions, including business ownership, type of business, and business size, (2) to ascertain how businesses respond to crime and fear of crime, such as by moving, adding more security, requesting police protection, or cooperating with other businesses, and (3) to identify the types of crime prevention information and assistance that businesses currently need and to assess the roles of business associations and police departments in providing enhanced crime prevention assistance.
  • Abstract

    From November 1995 through February 1996 a mail survey was distributed to a sample of three different groups of businesses in Austin's 14 highest crime ZIP codes. The groups consisted of: (1) businesses that remained within the same ZIP code between 1990 and 1993, (2) new firms that either moved into a high-crime ZIP code area between 1990 and 1993 or were created in a high-crime ZIP code between 1990 and 1993, and (3) businesses that relocated from high-crime ZIP code areas to other locations in Austin's metropolitan area or elsewhere in Texas.
  • Abstract

    Variables include type of business, ownership of business, number of employees, reasons for moving or staying in neighborhood, types of crime that affected business, owner's response to business crime, customer safety, and the role of business associations and the police in preventing crime.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Several Likert-type scales were used.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The overall response rate was 18 percent. The response rate was 15 percent for Movers (Part 1), 15 percent for New Businesses (Part 2), and 22 percent for Stayers (Part 3).
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Business Movers Data
    • DS2: New Businesses Data
    • DS3: Business Stayers Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995 / 1996
    Time period: 1995--1996
  • 1995-11 / 1996-02
    Collection date: 1995-11--1996-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Austin
  • Texas
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All businesses in the Austin, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Sampling
Random sampling.
Collection Mode
  • The user guide, codebook, and data collection instruments are provided by ICPSR as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Note
2006-03-30 File UG3078.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File CB3078.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (94-IJ-CX-0035).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3078 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03078.v1
Publications
  • Huff, David L., Jarrett, James E.. Crime Induced Business Relocations and Prevention Programs, Final Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Huff, David L.; Jarrett, James E. (2001): Crime-Induced Business Relocations in the Austin [Texas] Metropolitan Area, 1995-1996. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03078