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Alameda County [California] Health and Ways of Living Study, 1994 and 1995 Panels

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Kaplan, George A. (California Department of Health Services. Human Population Laboratory)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Free Keywords
activities of daily living; alcohol; chronic illnesses; community involvement; health behavior; health care services; independent living; living arrangements; mental health; older adults; physical condition; smoking; social behavior; social life; social networks
  • Abstract

    This collection provides a 30-year follow-up with respondents from Alameda County who were originally interviewed in 1965 for the first wave of the Health and Ways of Living Study. The purpose of the survey was to explore the influences of health practices and social relationships on the physical and mental health of a typical sample of the population. The first wave of the study, HEALTH AND WAYS OF LIVING STUDY, 1965 PANEL: [ALAMEDA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA] (ICPSR 6688), collected information for 6,928 respondents (including approximately 500 women aged 65 years and older) on chronic health conditions, health behaviors, social involvements, and psychological characteristics. The second wave, the 1974 panel (ALAMEDA COUNTY [CALIFORNIA] HEALTH AND WAYS OF LIVING STUDY, 1974 PANEL [ICPSR 6838]), collected information from 4,864 of the original respondents. The third and fourth waves (1994 and 1995 panels, respectively), provided in this collection, explore some new topics. The third wave provides a follow-up of 2,729 original 1965 and 1974 respondents and examines health behaviors such as alcohol consumption and smoking habits, along with social activities. Also included is information on health conditions such as diabetes, osteoporosis, hormone replacement, and mental illness. Another central topic investigated is activities of daily living (including self-care such as dressing, eating, and shopping), along with use of free time and level of involvement in social, recreational, religious, and environmental groups. The fourth wave is a follow-up to the 1994 panel, and contains 2,569 cases. This wave examines changes in functional abilities such as self-care activities, employment, involvement in community activities, visiting friends/family, and use of free time since 1994.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Wave 3, 1994 Data
    • DS2: Wave 4, 1995 Data
    • DS3: Wave 3 and 4 -- Merged Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1994
  • Time period: 1995
  • 1994-03 / 1995-02
    Collection date: 1994-03--1995-02
  • 1995-01 / 1996-12
    Collection date: 1995-01--1996-12
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Households in Alameda County, California.
The first wave (1965) of this panel study used a stratified random sample of Alameda County households with noninstitutionalized residents aged 21 or older, or aged 16-21 and older if married.
Collection Mode
  • Data from Part 1 can be linked with data from Part 2 by ID number.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (5 R37 AG11375-03).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3083 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03083.v1
  • Hanlon, Erin C., Van Cauter, Eve. Quantification of sleep behavior and of its impact on the cross-talk between the brain and peripheral metabolism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.198, (S3), 15609-15616.2011.
    • ID: 10.1073/pnas.1101338108 (DOI)
  • Johnson-Lawrence, Vicki D.. Life course socioeconomic position, depressive symptoms, and cardiovascular disease mortality in the Alameda County Study 1965-2000. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2010.
  • Patterson, Andrew C., Veenstra, Gerry. Loneliness and risk of mortality: A longitudinal investigation in Alameda County, California. Social Science and Medicine.71, (1), 181-186.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.024 (DOI)
  • Bixler, Edward. Sleep and society: An epidemiological perspective. Sleep Medicine.10, (S1), S3-S6.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.sleep.2009.07.005 (DOI)
  • Larson, Kandyce Kay. The effects of childhood SES and living circumstances on adult health and longevity. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. 2008.
  • Stamatakis, K.A., Kaplan, G.A., Roberts, R.E.. Short sleep duration across income, education, and race/ethnic groups: Population prevalence and growing disparities during 34 years of follow-up. Annals of Epidemiology.17, (12), 948-955.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2007.07.096 (DOI)
  • Ho-Shing, Donna. Impact of Insurance on Breast Cancer Screening Activities. Eastern Nursing Research Society.. 2005.
  • Housman, Jeff, Dorman, Steve. The Alameda County Study: A systematic, chronological review. American Journal of Health Education.36, (5), 302-308.2005.
  • Stamatakis, Katherine Anne. Disparities, behaviors, and metabolic function: Toward defining the role of sleep in population health. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2004.
  • Wallhagen, Margaret I., Strawbridge, William J., Shema, Sarah J., Kaplan, George A.. Impact of Self-Assessed Hearing Loss on a Spouse: A Longitudinal Analysis of Couples. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.59B, (3), S190-S196.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/59.3.S190 (DOI)
  • Strawbridge, William J. Cohen, Richard D., Shema, Sarah J., Kaplan, George A.. Frequent attendance at religious services and mortality over 28 years. American Journal of Public Health.87, (6), 957-967.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.6.957 (DOI)
  • Wallhagen, Margaret I.. An increasing prevalence of hearing impairment and associated risk factors over three decades of the Alameda County Study. American Journal of Public Health.87, (3), 440-442.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.3.440 (DOI)
  • Wright, Bradley R. Entner. Pathways off the streets: Homeless people and their use of resources. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1997.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Kaplan, George A. (2001): Alameda County [California] Health and Ways of Living Study, 1994 and 1995 Panels. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.