Monitoring of Federal Criminal Sentences, 1999

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • United States Sentencing Commission
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring of Federal Criminal Sentences Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
convictions (law); criminal histories; defendants; federal courts; judicial decisions; offenses; sentencing; sentencing guidelines
  • Abstract

    This collection contains information on federal criminal cases sentenced under the Sentencing Guidelines and Policy Statements of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984. The data files include all cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission that had sentencing dates between October 1, 1998, and September 30, 1999, and were assessed as constitutional. Constitutionality compares each case's sentencing date, circuit, district, and judge to provide uniformity in reporting the cases. In 1999, the United States Sentencing Commission added more variables from its databases to this collection, so the data are now provided in two files. Part 1, the main data file, includes the most important variables for each case, such as defendant's age, criminal history points, armed criminal status, case disposition, sentence, and fines applied. Part 2, the supplemental file, contains additional variables involving multiple guideline computation and count-based statutes. For a more detailed discussion of the two files, users should consult the codebook.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Main Data File
    • DS2: Supplemental Data File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998-10-01 / 1999-09-30
    Time period: 1998-10-01--1999-09-30
  • 1998 / 1999
    Collection date: 1998--1999
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • Starting with the 1999 data, ICPSR is archiving MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL SENTENCES under a new study number for each year of data. Data for the years 1993-1998 are archived under study number 9317.

2014-06-25 All parts are being moved from restricted access to public access.2011-04-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.2006-01-18 File CB3106.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3106 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03106.v1
  • Nutting, Andrew W.. Squealer dealers: The market for information in federal drug trafficking prosecutions. Economic Inquiry.53, (1), 486-507.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/ecin.12123 (DOI)
  • Light, Michael T., Massoglia, Michael, King, Ryan D.. Citizenship and punishment: The salience of national membership in U.S. criminal courts. American Sociological Review.79, (5), 825-847.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0003122414543659 (DOI)
  • Nowacki, Jeffrey. United States v. Booker and Federal Sentencing Outcomes: General, Extra-Legal, and Contextual Policy Effects. Dissertation, University of New Mexico. 2014.
  • Fischman, Joshua B., Schanzenbach, Max M.. Racial disparities under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines: The role of judicial discretion and mandatory minimums. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.99, (4), 729-764.2012.
  • Albonetti, Celesta A., Baller, Robert D.. Sentencing in federal drug trafficking/manufacturing cases: A multilevel analysis of extra-legal defendant characteristics, guidelines departures, and continuity of culture. Journal of Gender, Race and Justice.14, (1), 41-71.2010.
  • Freeborn, Beth, Hartmann, Monica E.. Judicial discretion and sentencing behavior: Did the Feeney Amendment rein in District judges?. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.7, (2), 355-378.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1740-1461.2010.01181.x (DOI)
  • Clark, James D.. International Defendants in Federal Criminal Court: An Examination of Racial, Ethnic, and Citizenship Status Disparity in Sentencing Outcomes. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin. 2009.
  • Iles, Gale. The effects of race/ethnicity and national origin on length of sentence in the United States Virgin Islands. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.623, (1), 64-76.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716208330705 (DOI)
  • Kautt, Paula M.. Is the offense serious axis free of extralegal influence? Assessing the predictors of a 'legally relevant' guideline criterion. American Journal of Criminal Justice.34, (3-4), 253-273.2009.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12103-008-9048-9 (DOI)
  • Tiede, Lydia Brashear. The impact of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines and reform: A comparative analysis. Justice System Journal.30, (1), 34-49.2009.
  • Tiede, Lydia Brashear. The swinging pendulum of sentencing reform: Political actors regulating District Court discretion. BYU Journal of Public Law.24, (1), 101-149.2009.
  • Tiede, Lydia Brashear. The politics of criminal law reform: A comparative analysis of lower court decision-making. NCJ 223283, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2008.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tiede, Lydia Brashear. Delegating discretion: Quasi experiments on District Court decision making. American Politics Research.35, (5), 595-620.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X07299449 (DOI)
  • Iles, Gayle D.. America's Forgotten Paradise: An Assessment of Sentencing Decisions and Outcomes in the United States Virgin Islands. Dissertation, University of Nebraska. 2006.
  • Stacey, Ann Martin, Spohn, Cassia. Gender and the social costs of sentencing: An analysis of sentences imposed on male and female. Berkeley Journal of Criminal Law.11, 43-76.2006.
  • Schanzenbach, Max. Racial and Sex Disparities in Prison Sentences: The Effect of District-level Judicial Demographics. Journal of Legal Studies.34, (1), 57-92.2005.
    • ID: 10.1086/425597 (DOI)
  • Gillespie, William Lee. Constrained Justice: Investigating the Influence of the U.S. Courts of Appeals on District Court Sentencing Behavior. Dissertation, University of Georgia. 2004.
  • Bowman, Frank O., III, Heise, Michael. Quiet rebellion II: An empirical analysis of declining Federal drug sentences including data from the District level. Iowa Law Review.87, 477-561.2002.
  • Demuth, Stephen. The effect of citizenship status on sentencing outcomes in drug cases. Federal Sentencing Reporter.14, (5), 271-275.2002.
    • ID: 10.1525/fsr.2002.14.5.271 (DOI)
  • Kautt, Paula M.. Location, location, location: Interdistrict and intercircuit variation in sentencing outcomes for federal drug-trafficking offenses. Justice Quarterly.19, (4), 633-671.2002.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820200095381 (DOI)
  • Farrell, Amy. Distinguishing Among the 'Unhappys': The Influence of Cultural Gender Norms on Judicial Decisions to Grant Family. Federal Sentencing Reporter.13, (unknown), 268-unknown.2001.
    • ID: 10.1525/fsr.2001.13.5.268 (DOI)
  • Kautt, Paula. Differential Usage of Guideline Standards by Defendant Race and Gender in Federal Drug Sentences: Fact or Fiction?. Federal Sentencing Reporter.14, 1592001.
    • ID: 10.1525/fsr.2001.14.3-4.159 (DOI)
  • United States Sentencing Commission. 1999 Sourcebook of Federal Sentencing Statistics. Washington, DC: United States Sentencing Commission. 1999.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15