Family Interaction, Social Capital, and Trends in Time Use (FISCT), 1998-1999: [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Robinson, John P. (University of Maryland)
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M. (University of Maryland)
  • Presser, Stanley (University of Maryland)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Americans' Use of Time Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Free Keywords
family life; family work relationship; housework; leisure; lifestyles; quality of life; recreation; social interaction; social life; time utilization; work
  • Abstract

    For this project, data from 24-hour time diaries probing several indicators of social capital and life quality were gathered to update prior time series on how Americans spend time. Data were collected to be consistent with time-diary collections prepared in 1965, 1975, and 1985 (see ICPSR 7254, 7580, and 9875) to allow cross-time comparisons. The survey was conducted by the Survey Research Center at the University of Maryland between March 1998 and December 1999 (effectively covering each season of the year and each day of the week) with a representative sample of 1,151 respondents aged 18 and older. Using established time-diary procedures with Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI), respondents were asked to complete "yesterday" time diaries detailing their primary activities from midnight to midnight of the previous day, their secondary activities (e.g., activities that occurred simultaneously with the primary activities), and when, with whom, and where they engaged in the activities. The project focus included the following substantive and methodological areas: (1) time spent in social interaction, particularly parental time with children, (2) measurement problems in time estimates, (3) activity and social interaction patterns of elderly Americans, and (4) time spent on the Internet and effects on social isolation and other media usage. In addition to the estimates of time use obtained from the time diaries, the project elicited information on (1) marital and parental status, education and employment status of the respondent and spouse (if married), age, race/ethnicity, and family income, (2) weekly and previous-day recall estimates of time spent on paid employment, housework, religious activities, and television viewing, (3) feelings of time pressure, and (4) use of the Internet, e-mail, and home computers.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Main Data File
    • DS2: Time Diary Data File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998-03-07 / 1999-12-09
    Time period: 1998-03-07--1999-12-09
  • 1998-03-07 / 1999-12-09
    Collection date: 1998-03-07--1999-12-09
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adults aged 18 or older, residing in households with telephones in the contiguous 48 United States and the District of Columbia.
A simple random sample of possible telephone numbers from a One Plus List-Assisted Random Digit Dial (RDD) frame.
Collection Mode
  • The SAS transport file was created using the SAS XPORT engine.

    In addition to the 1965, 1975, and 1985 time-diary collections, ICPSR distributes two other related studies: TIME USE LONGITUDINAL PANEL STUDY, 1975-1981 (ICPSR 9054), and AMERICANS' USE OF TIME, 1965-1966, AND TIME USE IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ACCOUNTS, 1975-1976: MERGED DATA (ICPSR 7796).

2006-03-30 File CB3191.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9710662, SBR-9710662, and Y1-AG-8364-01). United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3191 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Drago, Robert W., Stewart, Jay C.. Time-use surveys: Issues in data collection on multitasking. Monthly Labor Review.133, (8), 17-31.2010.
  • Knutson, Kristen L., Van Cauter, Eve, Rathouz, Paul J., DeLeire, Thomas, Lauderdale, Diane S.. Trends in the prevalence of short sleepers in the USA: 1975–2006. Sleep.33, (1), 37-45.2010.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M., Mattingly, Marybeth J.. Time, work, and family in the United States. Changing Life Patterns in Western Industrial Societies.8, 95-118.2004.
  • Sayer, Liana C., Bianchi, Suzanne M., Robinson, John P.. Are Parents Investing Less in Children? Trends in Mothers' and Fathers' Time With Children. American Journal of Sociology.110, (1), 1-43.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/386270 (DOI)
  • Searcy, J., Weatherby, Norman L.. Determinants of Time Use for Exercise or Active Sports [poster presentation]. Fifth Annual University-Wide Showcase of Faculty and Staff Research, Creative Activity, and Public Service.Murfreesboro, TN. 2004.
  • Mattingly, Marybeth J., Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Gender differences in the quantity and quality of free time: The U.S. experience. Social Forces.81, (3), 999-1030.2003.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2003.0036 (DOI)
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Maternal employment and time with children: Dramatic change or surprising continuity?. Demography.37, (4), 401-414.2000.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2000.0001 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15