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Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-1999

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Capital Punishment in the United States Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
capital punishment; commuted sentences; criminal histories; death row inmates; demographic characteristics; executions; felony offenses; prison inmates; sentencing; states (USA)
  • Abstract

    This data collection provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death and prisoners whose offense sentences were commuted or vacated during the period 1973-1999. Information is supplied for basic sociodemographic characteristics such as age, sex, education, and state of incarceration. Criminal history data include prior felony convictions for criminal homicide and legal status at the time of the capital offense. Additional information is available for inmates removed from death row by yearend 1999 and for inmates who were executed.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1973 / 1999
    Time period: 1973--1999
  • Collection date: 1999
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All inmates on death row since 1972 in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • The inmate identification numbers were assigned by the Bureau of the Census and have no purpose outside this data collection.

2008-11-05 Minor changes have been made to the metadata.2008-10-30 All parts have been moved to restricted access and are available only using the restricted access procedures.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3201 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Zimmerman, Paul R.. Estimates of the deterrent effect of alternative execution methods in the United States: 1978-2000. American Journal of Economics and Sociology.65, (4), 909-941.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.2006.00482.x (DOI)
  • Blume, John, Eisenberg, Theodore, Wells, Martin T.. Explaining death row's population and racial composition. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.1, (1), 165-207.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1740-1461.2004.00006.x (DOI)
  • Shepherd, Joanna M.. Murders of passion, execution delays, and the deterrence of capital punishment. Journal of Legal Studies.33, (2), 283-321.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/421571 (DOI)
  • Heise, Michael. Mercy by the numbers: An empirical analysis of clemency and its structure. Virginia Law Review.89, (2), 239-310.2003.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kubik, Jeffrey D., Moran, John R.. Lethal elections: Gubernatorial politics and the timing of executions. Journal of Law and Economics.46, 1-25.2003.
    • ID: 10.1086/374705 (DOI)
  • Snell, Tracy L.. Capital Punishment 1999. Bulletin.NCJ 184795, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2001): Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-1999. Version 1. Capital Punishment in the United States Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.