Eurobarometer 54.1: Building Europe and the European Union, The European Parliament, Public Safety, and Defense Policy, November- December 2000

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Hartung, Harald (European Commission)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
defense (military); defense policy; economic integration; euro; European Parliament; European unification; European Union; fear of crime; foreign policy; international relations; life satisfaction; media coverage; media use; military strength; national pride; national security; parliamentary elections; political attitudes; political influence; public opinion; public safety; quality of life; social change; trust in government; voter attitudes; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present life, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Additional questions focused on the respondents' knowledge of and opinions on the European Union (EU), including how well informed they felt about the EU, what sources of information about the EU they used, whether their country had benefited from being an EU member, and the extent of their personal interest in EU matters. The survey also elicited respondents' opinions about the European Parliament and other EU institutions. Those queried were asked how many European Parliament elections they voted in and if they were going to vote in the next one, how much impact the European Parliament had on their everyday lives, whether the European Parliament protected their interests, and which areas it should concentrate on in order to defend respondents' interests. Another set of questions, which focused on public safety, asked whether respondents felt safe in their neighborhoods, whether over the last year they had been attacked or seriously threatened and if so whether they reported it to the police, how often they personally encountered drug-related problems in their neighborhoods, whether somebody had ever broken into or tried to break into their homes, and if so, whether they subsequently took any protective measures. The survey also queried respondents about defense policy issues. Respondents were asked about the role of a European army, whether the EU should have a common defense and security policy, who should make decisions concerning defense in Europe, how this decision should be made within the EU, whether the European army should replace national armies, and what they thought about the EU swift intervention force of 60,000 men. Another focus of the survey was EU enlargement. Respondents were asked about measures that should be taken by the EU before enlargement, potential effects of this process, whether they were for or against enlargement, fears connected with building the EU, what countries they would be in favor of or against becoming new members, what criteria were important in deciding whether a country should join the EU, and whether after enlargement the EU decisions should be made unanimously or by majority. Additional questions queried respondents about the euro, the EU's budget spending, priorities for the EU initiatives, areas in which decisions should be made by national governments and jointly with the EU, a common foreign policy toward countries outside the EU, national versus pan-European pride, satisfaction with democracy, expectations for 2001, and level of trust in different institutions. Respondents were also asked how often they watched news on TV, read news in daily papers, and listened to the news on the radio. They also expressed their opinions on the amount and quality of coverage given to the EU on TV, in newspapers, and on the radio. Standard demographic information collected includes age, gender, occupation, nationality, marital status, political orientation, vote intention, age at completion of education, number of people in household, number of children under 15 in household, household income, size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (for select countries).
  • Methods

    Please review the "Weighting Information" section of the ICPSR codebook for this Eurobarometer study.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2000-11-14 / 2000-12-19
    Time period: 2000-11-14--2000-12-19
  • 2000-11-14 / 2000-12-19
    Collection date: 2000-11-14--2000-12-19
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
Sampled Universe
Citizens of the EU aged 15 and over residing in the 15 EU member countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the citizens in Norway. Smallest Geographic Unit: country
Multistage national probability samples.
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview

    The codebook and setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many European languages.

    Please refer to the "Processing Notes" and "Supplemental Variable Notation" sections of the ICPSR codebook for further information in regard to the addition of data for Norway.

    With the addition of Norway, the total number of interviews is 17,088.

    Although the Technical Specifications and the study title indicate that the survey was carried out between November 14 and December 19, 2000, it appears Norway carried out the survey between January 2 and February 18, 2001.

    The fieldwork dates in the data file for Greece and Northern Ireland are not consistent with fieldwork dates provided by the European Opinion Research Group in the Technical Specifications.

    D.11.2, D.15a-recode, D.15b-recode, D.21b-recode: Variables pertaining to these questions do not appear in the data.

2008-08-14 This collection now contains data for Norway, and the addition of 25 variables. The data have been further processed by the ZA. The codebook, SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, and Stata system file have been updated. The SPSS portable file has been replaced with an SPSS system file, the SAS transport (XPORT) file has been replaced with a SAS transport (CPORT) file, and a tab-delimited ASCII data file has been added.2006-03-06 The data have been further processed by ZA, and the SPSS setup file and codebook have been updated. Also, SAS and Stata setup files, an SPSS portable file, and a SAS transport file have been added.2003-05-09 Data for previously-embargoed variables are now available, and more related publications have been added.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3209 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03209.v1
  • Roose, Jochen. How European is European identification? Comparing continental identification in Europe and beyond. Journal of Common Market Studies.51, (2), 281-297.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/jcms.12005 (DOI)
  • Balestrini, Pierre P.. How citizens' education, occupation, personal economic expectations and national identity interact with one another to sway public opinion on the EU. Swiss Political Science Review.18, (3), 371-384.2012.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1662-6370.2012.02068.x (DOI)
  • Bateson, Regina. Crime victimization and political participation. American Political Science Review.106, (3), 570-587.2012.
    • ID: 10.2307/23275434 (DOI)
  • Jeong, Hoi Ok, Chung, Su-Yeul. Voting participating and attitudes toward the European Union. European Societies.14, (3), 441-462.2012.
    • ID: 10.1080/14616696.2012.657212 (DOI)
  • Kavetsos, Georgios. National pride: War minus the shooting. Social Indicators Research.106, (1), 173-185.2012.
    • ID: 10.2307/41409381 (DOI)
  • Treisman, Daniel. The Geography of Fear. NBER Working Paper No. 16838.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2011.
    • ID: 10.3386/w16838 (DOI)
  • Fitjar, Rune Dahl. Explaining variation in sub-state regional identities in Western Europe. European Journal of Political Research.49, (4), 522-544.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.01907.x (DOI)
  • Christin, Thomas. Economic and political basis of attitudes towards the EU in Central and East European countries in the 1990s. European Union Politics.6, (1), 29-57.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1465116505049607 (DOI)
  • Hooghe, Liesbeth, Marks, Gary. Calculation, community and cues: Public opinion on European integration. European Union Politics.5, (4), 419-443.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1465116505057816 (DOI)
  • Kessler, Alan E., Freeman, Gary P.. Support for extreme right-wing parties in western Europe: individual attributes, political attitudes, and national context. Comparative European Politics.3, (3), 261 -2005.
    • ID: 10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110063 (DOI)
  • Mau, Steffen. Democratic demand for a social Europe? Preferences of the European citizenry. International Journal of Social Welfare.14, (2), 76-85.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1369-6866.2005.00344.x (DOI)
  • Hooghe, Liesbeth, Marks, Gary. Does identity or economic rationality drive public opinion on European integration?. PS, Political Science and Politics.37, (3), 415-420.2004.
  • Peter, Jochen, de Vreese, Claes H.. In search of Europe: A cross-national comparative study of the European Union in national television news. International Journal of Press/Politics.9, (4), 3-24.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/1081180X04270597 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Drugs and security: Public opinion regarding security and victimisation in the European Union, Contact with drug-related problems. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. 2003.
  • European Commission, Drugs Co-ordination unit. Drugs and Security. Public Opinion Regarding Security and Victimisation in the EU - Contact with Drug Related Problems. Brussels: Directorate-General for Justice and Home Affairs. 2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kernic, Franz, Callaghan, Jean, Manigart, Philippe. Public Opinion on European Security and Defense: A Survey of European Trends and Public Attitudes toward CFSP and ESDP. Frankfort: Peter Lang Verlag. 2002.
  • European Commission. Public Opinion in the European Union: Eurobarometer 54. Brussels: Directorate-General Press and Communication. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Manigart, Philippe. Public Opinion and European Defense. Publio Opinion and European Defense.Brussels. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 12 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15