My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Validation of a Risk Assessment Instrument for Juvenile Probationers in Alameda County, California, 1996

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
Creator
  • National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2001-12-14
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
criminal histories; juvenile offenders; juveniles; postrelease programs; probation services; probationers; recidivism; risk assessment
Description
  • Abstract

    This study sought to develop a risk assessment instrument to be used in the placement of adjudicated juveniles and determination of outcomes for juvenile probationers. The following research questions served as a guide in developing the risk assessment instrument: (1) Does the instrument measure what it purports to measure? (2) Do similar cases receive similar recommendations for placement services? (3) Is the instrument fair to dissimilar groups? (4) Is the instrument useful to practitioners? and (5) Will the instrument be simple to implement? The goal of the new risk assessment instrument was to address the relative risk of recidivism without taking into account the severity of the current offense. In order to develop a new risk assessment instrument, researchers adapted a pre-existing instrument that had been used and validated with juvenile probationers in California. The new instrument was used to evaluate youths for three measures of recidivism: intake actions, petitions filed, and petitions sustained through one year after the placement decisions were made. The sample of youths was comprised of those who in 1996 had received either a field supervision or a placement order as a disposition. The instrument measured age at first finding, prior criminal behavior, institutional commitments or placement of 30 consecutive days or more, drug/chemical use, alcohol use, parental skills, school disciplinary problems, and peer relationships.
  • Abstract

    This study was undertaken as part of a larger project whereby the Alameda County Probation Department in California sought to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of its Juvenile Services Division by implementing a system-wide classification and placement system to address the public concern for safety and effectiveness in dealing with juvenile crimes. The purpose of this study was to develop a risk assessment instrument to be used in the placement of adjudicated juveniles and determination of outcomes for juvenile probationers. The following research questions served as a guide in developing the risk assessment instrument: (1) Does the instrument measure what it purports to measure? (2) Do similar cases receive similar recommendations for placement services? (3) Is the instrument fair to dissimilar groups? (4) Is the instrument useful to practitioners? and (5) Will the instrument be simple to implement?
  • Abstract

    In order to develop a new risk assessment instrument, researchers adapted a pre-existing instrument that had been used and validated on juvenile probationers in California. The goal of the new risk assessment instrument was to address the relative risk of recidivism without taking into account the severity of the current offense. Nine probation officers consisting of deputies and supervisors were trained using the draft of the new instrument. The instrument was used to evaluate youths for three measures of recidivism: intake actions, petitions filed, and petitions sustained through one year after the placements decisions were made. The sample of youths was comprised of those who in 1996 had received either a field supervision or a placement order as a disposition. Field supervision refers to a sanction in which the youth was maintained and supervised in the community with the aid of weekend programming. Placement refers to any sanction in which the youth was placed out of home (e.g., a group home, camp, or residential treatment).
  • Abstract

    The instrument measured age at first finding, prior criminal behavior, institutional commitments or placement of 30 consecutive days or more, drug/chemical use, alcohol use, parental skills, school disciplinary problems, and peer relationships.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
  • Collection date: 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Juvenile offenders in Alameda County, California, who in 1996 had received either field supervision or a placement order as a disposition.
Sampling
Random sampling.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (98-JB-VX-0109).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3254 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03254.v1
Publications
  • National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Alameda County Placement Risk Assessment Validation. NCJ 189240, . 2001.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/189240NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Alameda County Placement Risk Assessment Validation, Executive Summary. NCJ 189241, Oakland, CA: National Council on Crime and Delinquency [producer], United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice [distributor]. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/189241.pdf (URL)
  • Baird, S. Christopher.. Validating Risk Assessment Instruments Used in Community Corrections. NCJ 147395, Oakland, CA: National Council on Crime and Delinquency. 1991.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

National Council on Crime and Delinquency (2001): Validation of a Risk Assessment Instrument for Juvenile Probationers in Alameda County, California, 1996. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03254