My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Violence Against Women: Developmental Antecedents Among Black, Caucasian, and Hispanic Women in the United States, 1987-1988 and 1992-1994

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : program source code
Creator
  • Jasinski, Jana L. (University of Central Florida. Department of Sociology and Anthropology)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2001-11-29
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
battered women; crime prediction; cultural attitudes; cultural influences; domestic violence; families; family relationships; family structure; family violence; Hispanic or Latino Americans; male offenders; relationships; risk assessment; White Americans
Description
  • Abstract

    The aim of this study was to examine the factors related to different patterns of male violence against women. Employing both intra-individual and sociocultural perspectives, the project focused on the relationship between violence against women and previously established risk factors for intimate partner violence including stressors related to work, economic status, and role transitions (e.g., pregnancy), as well as family power dynamics, status discrepancies, and alcohol use. The following research questions were addressed: (1) To what extent do Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic individuals engage in physical violence with their partners? (2) How are socioeconomic stressors associated with violent relationships among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? (3) To what extent are changes in patterns of physical violence against women associated with different stages of a relationship (e.g., cohabitation, early marriage, pregnancy, marriage)? (4) To what extent do culturally linked attitudes about family structure (family power dynamics) predict violence among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? (5) To what extent do family strengths and support systems contribute to the cessation of violence among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? (6) What is the role of alcohol use in violent relationships among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? The data used for this project came from the first and second waves of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) conducted by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison [NATIONAL SURVEY OF FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS: WAVE I, 1987-1988, AND WAVE II, 1992-1994 (ICPSR 6906)]. The NSFH was designed to cover a broad range of family structures, processes, and relationships with a large enough sample to permit subgroup analysis. For the purposes of this study, the analytical sample focused on only those couples who were cohabiting or married at the time of the first wave of the study and still with the same person at the time of the second wave (N=3,584). Since the study design included oversamples of previously understudied groups (i.e., Blacks, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans), racial and ethnic comparisons were possible. In both waves of the NSFH several identical questions were asked regarding marital conflicts. Both married and cohabiting respondents were asked how often they used various tactics including heated arguments and hitting or throwing things at each other to resolve their conflicts. In addition, respondents were asked if any of their arguments became physical, how many of their fights resulted in either the respondent or their partner hitting, shoving, or throwing things, and if any injuries resulted as a consequence of these fights. This data collection consists of the SPSS syntax used to recode variables from the original NSFH dataset. In addition, new variables, including both composite variables (e.g., self-esteem, hostility, depression) and husband and wife versions of the variables (using information from both respondent and partner), were constructed. New variables were grouped into the following categories: demographic, personality, alcohol and drug use, relationship stages, gender role attitudes, division of labor, fairness in household chores, social support, and isolation. Psychological well-being scales were created to measure autonomy, positive relations with others, purpose in life, self-acceptance, environmental mastery, and personal growth. Additional scales were created to measure relationship conflict, sex role gender attitudes, personal mastery, alcohol use, and hostility. The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) were also utilized.
  • Abstract

    The aim of this study was to examine the factors related to different patterns of male violence against women. It used a multidimensional framework encompassing both intra-individual and sociocultural perspectives. This project focused on the relationship between violence against women and previously established risk factors for intimate partner violence including stressors related to work, economic status, and role transitions (e.g., pregnancy), as well as family power dynamics, status discrepancies, and alcohol use. The following research questions were addressed: (1) To what extent do Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic individuals engage in physical violence with their partner? (2) How are socioeconomic stressors associated with violent relationship among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? (3) To what extent are changes in patterns of physical violence against women associated with different stages of a relationship (e.g., cohabitation, early marriage, pregnancy, marriage)? (4) To what extent do culturally linked attitudes about family structure (family power dynamics) predict violence among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? (5) To what extent do family strengths and support systems contribute to the cessation of violence among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples? (6) What is the role of alcohol use in violent relationships among Caucasian, Black, and Hispanic couples?
  • Abstract

    The data used for this project came from the first and second waves of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) conducted by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison [NATIONAL SURVEY OF FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS: WAVE I, 1987-1988, AND WAVE II, 1992-1994 (ICPSR 6906)]. The NSFH was designed to cover a broad range of family structures, processes, and relationships with a large enough sample to permit subgroup analysis. The first wave of the NSFH was conducted in 1988 and included a national probability sample of 13,017 respondents. Information was collected regarding the respondent's family living arrangements in childhood, marital and cohabiting experiences, education, fertility, alcohol use, employment histories, kin contact, and economic and psychological well-being. Five years after the original interview, the sample from the first wave was reinterviewed. For purposes of this study, the analytical sample focused on only those couples who were cohabiting or married at the time of the first wave of the study and still with the same person at the time of the second wave (N=3,584). Since the study design included oversamples of previously understudied groups (i.e., Blacks, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans), racial and ethnic comparisons were possible. In both waves of the NSFH several identical questions were asked regarding marital conflicts. Both married and cohabiting respondents were asked how often they used various tactics including heated arguments and hitting or throwing things at each other to resolve their conflicts. In addition, respondents were asked if any of their arguments became physical, how many of their fights resulted in either the respondent or their partner hitting, shoving, or throwing things, and if any injuries resulted as a consequence of these fights. This data collection consists of the SPSS syntax used to recode variables from the original NSFH dataset. In addition, new variables, including both composite variables (e.g., self-esteem, hostility, depression) and husband and wife versions of the variables (using information from both respondent and partner), were constructed. New variables were grouped into the following categories: demographic, personality, alcohol and drug use, relationship stages, gender role attitudes, division of labor, fairness in household chores, social support, and isolation. All analyses were weighted using a relative weight created by dividing the weight by the mean of the weight.
  • Abstract

    inap.
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Psychological well-being scales were created to measure autonomy, positive relations with others, purpose in life, self-acceptance, environmental mastery, and personal growth. Additional scales were created to measure relationship conflict, sex role gender attitudes, personal mastery, alcohol use, and hostility. The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) were also utilized.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: inap.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2000
  • Collection date: 2000
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
inap.
Sampling
Not applicable.
Collection Mode
  • More information about the NSFH is available from the original data producers at http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/nsfh.

Note
2002-05-14 The PDF documentation file has been augmented to include instructions in using the program code file provided in this collection. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2000-WT-VX-0002).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3293 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03293.v1
Publications
  • Jasinski, Jana L.. Physical Violence Among White, African-American, and Hispanic Couples: Ethnic Differences in Initiation, Persistence, and Cessation. Violence Against Women and Family Violence: Developments in Research, Practice, and Policy, 2004.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2004.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/199704.pdf (URL)
  • Jasinski, Jana L.. Physical Violence Among Anglo, African American and Hispanic Couples: Ethnic Differences in Persistence and Cessation. Violence and Victims.16, (5), 479-490.2001.
  • Jasinski, Jana L.. Pregnancy and Violence Against Women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.16, (7), 712-733.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/088626001016007006 (DOI)
  • Jasinski, Jana L.. Violence Against Women: An Examination of Developmental Antecedents Among Black, Caucasian, and Hispanic Women, Final Report. NCJ 189243, Orlando, FL: University of Central Florida [producer], National Institute of Justice [distributor]. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/189243.pdf (URL)
  • Jasinski, Jana L., Kantor, G. Kaufman. Pregnancy, stress and wife assault: Differences in prevalence, severity, and onset in a national sample. Violence and Victims.16, (3), 219-232.2001.
  • (author unknown). Partner Violence. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1998.
  • Sweet, J.A., Bumpass, L.L.. The National Survey of Families and Households--Waves 1 and 2: Data Description and Documentation. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin-Madison. Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Jasinski, Jana L. (2001): Violence Against Women: Developmental Antecedents Among Black, Caucasian, and Hispanic Women in the United States, 1987-1988 and 1992-1994. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03293