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Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC), 1995, 1998, 2001 [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Mirowsky, John (University of Texas)
  • Ross, Catherine E. (University of Texas)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Free Keywords
activities of daily living; aging; control; disease; health behavior; health services utilization; health status; life events; life satisfaction; mental health; older adults; physical fitness; self concept; social networks; social status
  • Abstract

    The Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC) was conducted during 1995, 1998 and 2001 and examined the relationship between age and changes in the sense of control over one's life. Part I contains data for Waves I and II. Respondents were queried about their physical health, including activities of daily living such as shopping, walking, and doing housework, along with medical conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, lung disease, breast cancer, diabetes, arthritis or rheumatism, osteoporosis, and allergies or asthma. Questions regarding mental health investigated difficulties staying focused, feelings of sadness or anxiety, and enjoyment of life. Respondents were also asked about their health behaviors, including use of tobacco and alcohol, frequency of exercise, use of medical services including insurance coverage, and the number of prescription medications used. Also examined was respondents' sense of control over their lives, including social support and participation, and history of adversity, which covered such topics as home or apartment break-ins or assaults, major natural disasters, unemployment longer than six months, and times without enough money for clothes, food, rent, bills, or other necessities. Demographic questions included age, sex, marital status, education, work status, marital and family relations, and socioeconomic status. Wave III (Part 2) was collected in 2001 and contains data on the same questions such as physical health, mental health and health behaviors.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Waves I and II
    • DS2: Wave III
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1995
  • Time period: 1998
  • Time period: 2001
  • Collection date: 1995
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 2001
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
English-speaking adults aged 18 or older in the United States.
Probability sample with oversampling of persons aged 60 and older.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview

    (1) These are longitudinal data. Answers from the first wave of interviews in 1995 (N=2,593) were merged with those from the second wave in 1998 (N=1,378 reinterviewed). Wave II can be identified by the variable INTYR2. (2) Part 2 (Wave III N=1,444) can be merged with Part 1 on CASEID. The same questions were asked in all three waves.

2005-12-15 SAS and SPSS setup files for Part 1 have been updated. Wave III (Part 2) has been added. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (RO1-AG12393).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3334 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03334.v1
  • Mirowsky, John. Depression and the sense of control: Aging vectors, trajectories, and trends. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.54, (4), 407-425.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022146513499022 (DOI)
  • Gelernter, Judith, Lesk, Michael. Use of ontologies for data integration and curation. International Journal of Digital Curation.1, (6), 70-78.2011.
  • Ross, C.E., Mirowsky, J.. The interaction of personal and parental education on health. Social Science and Medicine.72, (4), 591-599.2011.
  • Episcopo, Val. Strain and Weight Change. Dissertation, Syracuse University. 2010.
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Aging and Social Integration: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/agingintegration (DOI)
  • Steffen, Bjarne. Formation and Updating of Subjective Life Expectancy: Evidence from Germany. Dissertation, Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging. 2009.
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Education and self-rated health. Research on aging.30, (1), 93-122.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027507309649 (DOI)
  • Mirowsky, John, Schieman, Scott. Gender, age, and the trajectories and trends of anxiety and anger. Stress Processes Across the Life Course.Elsevier. 2008.
  • Cardarelli, Kathryn M., Vernon, Sally W., Baumler, Elizabeth R., Tortolero, Susan, Low, M. David. Sense of control and diabetes mellitus among U.S. adults: A cross-sectional analysis. BioPsychoSocial Medicine.1, (19), 2007.
    • ID: 10.1186/1751-0759-1-19 (DOI)
  • Jessell, Martha A.. Activities, Control, and Health in Older Adults. Dissertation, Northcentral University. 2007.
  • Kim, Jinyoung. Socioeconomic Status, Daily Work Qualities, and Psychological Well-being over the Adult Life Course: Age Trajectories and the Mechanisms of Mental Health Divergence. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 2007.
  • Pivetz, George E.. Retirement, Control, and teh Challenges of Aging. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. 2007.
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Education, learned effectiveness and health. London Review of Education.3, (3), 205-220.2005.
    • ID: 10.1080/14748460500372366 (DOI)
  • Tsai, P.-F.. Predictors of distress and depression in elders with arthritic pain. Journal of Advanced Nursing.51, (2), 158-165.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03481.x (DOI)
  • Drentea, P.. Work and activity characteristics across the life course. Advances in Life Course Research.9, 303-329.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/S1040-2608(04)09011-2 (DOI)
  • Shaw, Benjamin A., Janevic, Mary. Associations between anticipated support, physical functioning, and education level among a nationally representative sample of older adults. Journal of Aging and Health.16, (4), 539-561.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0898264304265808 (DOI)
  • Drentea, Patricia. Work and Activity Characteristics Across the Life Course. Southern Sociological Society. 2003.
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Education, Social Status, and Health. New York: A. de Gruyter. 2003.
  • Drentea, Patricia. Retirement and mental health. Journal of Aging and Health.14, (2), 167-194.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/089826430201400201 (DOI)
  • Mirowsky, John. Parenthood and health: The pivotal and optimal age at first birth. Social Forces.81, (1), 315-349.2002.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2002.0055 (DOI)
  • Ross, Catherine E., Mirowsky, John. Age and the gender gap in the sense of personal control. Social Psychology Quarterly.65, (2), 125-145.2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ross, Catherine E., Mirowsky, John. Family relationships, social support and subjective life expectancy. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.43, (4), 469 -2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Age and the effect of economic hardship on depression. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.42, (2), 132 -2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Van Willigen, Marieke, Drentea, Patricia. Benefits of equitable relationships: The impact of sense of fairness, household division of labor, and decision making power on perceived social support . Sex Roles .44, (9-10), 571-597.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1012243125641 (DOI)
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Socioeconomic status and subjective life expectancy. Social Psychology Quarterly.63, (2), 133 -2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ross, Catherine, Mirowsky, John. Does medical insurance contribute to socioeconomic differentials in health?. Milbank Quarterly.78, (2), 291-321.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/1468-0009.00171 (DOI)
  • Drentea, Patricia. The Best or Worst Years of Our Lives? The Effects of Retirement and Activity Characteristics on Well-Being. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1999.
  • Hardy, Melissa A., Hazelrigg, Lawrence E.. Fueling the politics of age: On economic hardship across the life couse -- Comment on Mirowsky & Ross. American Sociological Review.64, (4), 570-576.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Economic hardship across the life course. American Sociological Review.64, (4), 548-569.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Economic hardship declines with age: Reply to Hardy and Hazelrigg. American Sociological Review.64, (4), 577-584.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ross, Catherine E., Mirowsky, John. Parental divorce, life-course disruption, and adult depression. Journal of Marriage and Family.61, (4), 1034-1045.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mirowsky, John, Ross, Catherine E.. Education, personal control, lifestyle and health: A human capital hypothesis. Research on Aging.20, (4), 415-449.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027598204003 (DOI)
  • Reynolds, John R., Ross, Catherine E.. Social stratification and health: Education's benefit beyond economic status and social origins. Social Problems.45, (2), 221-247.1998.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1998.45.2.03x0167k (DOI)
  • Ross, Catherine E., Drentea, Patricia. Consequences of retirement activities for distress and the sense of personal control. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.39, (4), 317 -1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ross, Catherine E., Wright, Marylyn P.. Women's work, men's work, and the sense of control. Work and Occupations.25, (3), 333-355.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888498025003004 (DOI)
  • Sastry, Jaya, Ross, Catherine E.. Asian ethnicity and the sense of personal control. Social Psychology Quarterly.61, (2), 101-120.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ross, Catherine E., Willigen, Marieke van. Education and the subjective quality of life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.38, (3), 275-297.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Reynolds, John R., Ross, Catherine E.. Stratification, Education, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Well-Being. American Sociological Association. 1996.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Mirowsky, John; Ross, Catherine E. (2002): Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC), 1995, 1998, 2001 [United States]. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.