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National Health Interview Survey, 1999

Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
activities of daily living; child health; chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; doctor visits; families; family size; health; health behavior; health care; health care services; health policy; health problems; hospitalization; household composition; households; illness; injuries; poisoning
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. Implementation of a redesigned NHIS, consisting of a basic module, a periodic module, and a topical module, began in 1997 (see NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1997 [ICPSR 2954]). The 1999 NHIS contains the household, family, person, sample adult, sample child, and immunization data files from the basic module. Included in the 1999 NHIS are periodic questions that provide additional detail on topics such as Adult Conditions (ACN), Adult Access and Utilization (AAU), Child Conditions, Limitation of Activity and Health Status (CHS), and Child Access and Utilization (CAU). Each record in the Household-Level File (Part 1) of the basic module contains data on the type of living quarters, number of families in the household responding and not responding, and the month and year of the interview for each sampling unit. The Family-Level File (Part 2) is made up of reconstructed variables from the person-level data of the basic module and includes information on sex, age, race, marital status, Hispanic origin, education, veteran status, family income, family size, major activities, health status, activity limits, and employment status, along with industry and occupation. As part of the basic module, the Person-Level File (Part 3) provides information on all family members with respect to health status, limitation of daily activities, cognitive impairment, and health conditions. Also included are data on years at current residence, region variables, height, weight, bed days, doctor visits, hospital stays, and health care access and utilization. A randomly-selected adult in each family was interviewed for the Sample Adult File (Part 4) regarding respiratory conditions, renal conditions, AIDS, joint symptoms, health status, limitation of daily activities, and behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity. The Sample Child File (Part 5) provides information from a knowledgeable adult in the household on medical conditions of one child in the household, such as respiratory problems, seizures, allergies, and use of special equipment such as hearing aids, braces, or wheelchairs. Also included are questions regarding child behavior, the use of mental health services, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The Child Immunization File (Part 6) presents information from shot records and supplies vaccination status, along with the number and dates of shots, and information about the chicken pox vaccine. Episode-based information is found in the Injury Episode File (Part 7), while information in the Injury Verbatim File (Part 8) is comprised of narrative text describing injuries, including type of injury, how the injury occurred, and the body part injured. The Poison Episode File (Part 9) examines the cause and date of injury or poisoning, loss of time from work or school, and whether the poisoning resulted in hospitalization.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household-Level File
    • DS2: Family-Level File
    • DS3: Person-Level File
    • DS4: Sample-Adult File
    • DS5: Sample Child File
    • DS6: Child Immunization File
    • DS7: Injury Episode File
    • DS8: Injury Verbatim File
    • DS9: Poison Episode File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The NHIS uses a stratified multistage probability design. The sample for the NHIS is redesigned every decade using population data from the most recent decennial census. A redesigned sample was implemented in 1995. This new design includes a greater number of primary sampling units (PSUs) (from 198 in 1994 to 358), and a more complicated nonresponse adjustment based on household screening and oversampling of Black and Hispanic persons, for more reliable estimates of these groups.
Collection Mode
  • Users should refer to the codebook for a detailed description of changes for the 1999 NHIS.

    The data from the Household-Level File can be merged with any of the other files, and other files can be merged as well. For further information on merging data, consult the codebook.

    The periodic module is not yet available from NCHS. When released, it will provide more detailed information on topics resulting from the basic module.

    Per agreement with the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS.

2006-03-30 File QU3397.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 All files were removed from dataset 11 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File QU3397.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File FQ3397.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3397 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03397.v1
  • Holmes, Christopher J., Zajacova, Anna. Education as 'the Great Equalizer': Health benefits for Black and White adults. Social Science Quarterly.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/ssqu.12092 (DOI)
  • Dinkes, Rachel, Kemp, Jana, Baum, Katrina. Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2009. NCJ 228478, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2009.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rodu, B., Cole, P.. Smoking prevalence: A comparison of two American surveys. Public Health.123, (9), 598-601.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.puhe.2009.07.014 (DOI)
  • Bernstein, A.B., Remsburg, R.E.. Estimated prevalence of people with cognitive impairment: results from nationally representative community and institutional surveys. Gerontologist.47, (3), 350-354.2007.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/47.3.350 (DOI)
  • Dilley, Julia, Rohde, Kristen, Dent, Clyde, Boysun, Michael J., Stark, Michael J., Reid, Terry. Effective tobacco control in Washington State: A smart investment for healthy futures. Preventing Chronic Disease.4, (3), A65 -2007.
  • Freedman, Vicki A., Schoeni, Robert F., Martin, Linda G., Cornman, Jennifer C.. Chronic Conditions and the decline in late-life disability. Demography.44, (3), 459-477.2007.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2007.0026 (DOI)
  • Schnittker, Jason. Working more and feeling better: Women's health, employment, and family life, 1974-2004. American Sociological Review.72, (2), 221-238.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240707200205 (DOI)
  • Levy, D.E.. Employer-sponsored insurance coverage of smoking cessation treatments. American Journal of Managed Care.12, (9), 553-562.2006.
  • Case, Anne, Paxson, Christina. Sex Differences in Morbidity and Mortality. Demography.42, (2), 189-214.2005.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2005.0011 (DOI)
  • Mojtabai, Ramin. Trends in Contacts With Mental Health Professionals and Cost Barriers to Mental Health Care Among Adults With Significant Psychological Distress in the United States: 1997-2002. American Journal of Public Health.95, (11), 2009-214.2005.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2003.037630 (DOI)
  • Freedman, Vicki A., Crimmins, Eileen, Schoeni, Robert F., Spillman, Brenda C., Aykan, Hakan, Kramarow, Ellen, Land, Kenneth, Lubitz, James, Manton, Kenneth G., Martin, Linda G., Shinberg, Diane, Waidmann, Timothy. Resolving inconsistencies in trends in old-age disability: Report from a technical working group. Demography.41, (3), 417-441.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0022 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Cigarette Smoking Among Adults--United States, 1999. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.286, (22), 2802-2804.2001.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (2002): National Health Interview Survey, 1999. Archival Version. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.