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Multiple Cause of Death, 1999

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Multiple Cause of Death Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
age; causes of death; death; death records; ethnicity; fatalities; gender; marital status; mortality rates; race
  • Abstract

    This data collection includes information about the cause of all recorded deaths occurring in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas during 1999. Data are provided concerning underlying causes of death, multiple conditions that caused the death, place of death, residence of the deceased (e.g., region, division, state, county), whether an autopsy was performed, and the month and day of the week of the death. In addition, data are supplied on the sex, race, age, marital status, education, usual occupation, and origin or descent of the deceased. In addition to the combined Territory Public-Use file (Part 2), a subset based on state of occurrence has been created for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and Northern Marianas. Mortality detail data for 1999 also can be extracted from this file. The mortality detail records are contained in the first 159 positions of these multiple cause records. The multiple cause of death fields were coded from the MANUAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS, TENTH REVISION (ICD-10), VOLUMES 1, 2, AND 3.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: United States
    • DS2: Combined Territories
    • DS3: Puerto Rico
    • DS4: Virgin Islands
    • DS5: Guam
    • DS6: American Samoa
    • DS7: Northern Marianas
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
Geographic Coverage
  • American Samoa
  • Guam
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Puerto Rico
  • United States
  • Virgin Islands of the United States
  • Global
Sampled Universe
All recorded deaths occurring in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas during 1999.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Effective with 1999 data, cause of death information is classified according to the MANUAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS, TENTH REVISION (ICD-10), VOLUMES 1, 2, AND 3. (2) Effective with the 1998 data, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana's records are included in the Territories' Public-Use File (Part 2). (3) The data year is no longer located in positions 1-2 of the record. A four-digit data year is now located in positions 115-118. (4) The geographic codes were changed effective with the 1996 data to reflect the results of the 1990 Census. (5) Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS. (6) The codebook, frequencies, record layout, appendices, and geographical code outlines are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files.

2007-02-06 Subsets for each territory were created. Setup files were created.2006-01-18 File CB3473.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3473 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03473.v1
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  • Pulido, Marifi, Sorvillo, Frank. Declining invasive pneumococcal disease mortality in the United States, 1990-2005. Vaccine.28, (4), 889-892.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.10.121 (DOI)
  • Shihadeh, Edward S., Barranco, Raymond E.. Latino employment and Black violence: The unintended consequence of U. S. immigration policy. Social Forces.88, (3), 1393-1420.2010.
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  • Wise, Matthew, Finelli, Lyn, Sorvillo, Frank. Prognostic factors associated with hepatitis C disease: A case-control study utilizing U.S. multiple-cause-of-death data. Public Health Reports.125, (3), 414-422.2010.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coal workers' pneumoconiosis-related years of potential life lost before age 65 years--United States, 1968-2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.58, (50), 1412-1416.2009.
  • Conley, Dalton, Heerwig, Jennifer A.. The Long-Term Effects of Military Conscription on Mortality: Estimates from the Vietnam-Era Draft Lottery. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper.15105, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2009.
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  • Gallagher, Paul, Lazarus, William, Shapouri, Hosein, Conway, Roger, Duffield, James. Cancer-risk benefits of clean fuel technology and policy: A statistical analysis. Energy Policy.37, (12), 5113-5124.2009.
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  • Haberling, Dana L., Holman, Robert C., Paddock, Christopher D., Murphy, Trudy V.. Infant and maternal risk factors for pertussis-related infant mortality in the United States, 1999 to 2004. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.28, (3), 194-198.2009.
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  • Hu, Guoqing, Baker, Susan P.. Trends in unintentional injury deaths, U.S., 1999-2005: Age, gender, and racial/ethnic differences. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.37, (3), 188-194.2009.
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  • Lang, Matthew. The Impact of Mental Health Insurance Laws on State Suicide Rates. University of California-Santa Barbara, . 2009.
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  • Melamed, Alexander, Sorvillo, Frank J.. The burden of sepsis-associated mortality in the United States from 1999 to 2005: An analysis of multiple-cause-of-death data. Critical Care.13, (1), 2009.
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  • Pillutla, Priya, Shetty, Kanaka D., Foster, Elyse. Mortality associated with adult congenital heart disease: Trends in the US population from 1979 to 2005. American Heart Journal.158, (5), 874-879.2009.
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  • Roberts, Darryl W.. Intimate partner homicide: Using a 20-year national panel to identify patterns and prevalence. Dissertation, University of Maryland-Baltimore County. 2009.
  • Rockett, Ian R.H., Lian, Yinjuan, Stack, Steven, Ducatman, Alan M., Wang, Shuhui. Discrepant comorbidity between minority and white suicides: A national multiple cause-of-death analysis. BMC Psychiatry.9, (10), 2009.
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  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
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  • Yashin, Anatoli I., Ukraintseva, Svetlana V., Akushevich, Igor V., Arbeev, Konstantin G., Kulminski, Alexander, Akushevich, Lucy. Trade-off between cancer and aging: What role do other diseases play? Evidence from experimental and human population studies. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development.130, (1-2), 98-104.2009.
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  • Bennion, Jonathan R., Sorvillo, Frank, Wise, Matthew E., Krishna, Sheila, Mascola, Laurene. Decreasing listeriosis mortality in the United States. Clinical Infectious Diseases.47, (7), 867-874.2008.
    • ID: 10.1086/591131 (DOI)
  • Bennion, Jonathan R., Wise, Matthew E., Carver, John A., Sorvillo, Frank. Analysis of glaucoma-related mortality in the United States using death certificate data. Journal of Glaucoma.17, (6), 474-479.2008.
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  • Evans, William N., Moore, Timothy J.. Liquidity, Activity, Mortality. American Economic Association, . 2008.
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  • Figueroa, Raul, Steenland, Kyle, MacNeil, Jessica R., Levey, Allan I., Vega, Irving E.. Geographical differences in the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease mortality: United States versus Puerto Rico. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias.23, (5), 462-469.2008.
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  • Foppa, Ivo M., Hossain, Md Monir. Revised estimates of influenza-associated excess mortality, United States, 1995 through 2005. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology.5, (26), 2008.
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  • Hu, Guoqing, Webster, Daniel, Baker, Susan P.. Hidden homicide increases in the USA, 1999-2005. Journal of Urban Health.85, (4), 597-606.2008.
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  • Markowitz, Sara. The effectiveness of cigarette regulations in reducing cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Journal of Health Economics.27, (1), 106-133.2008.
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  • Mazurek, Jacek M., Attfield, Michael D.. Silicosis mortality among young adults in the United States, 1968-2004. American Journal of Industrial Medicine.51, (8), 568-578.2008.
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  • Pulido, Marifi Junsay. Pneumococcal Disease Mortality in the United States, 1990-2004. Dissertation, University of California-Los Angeles. 2008.
  • Vogt, Tara M., Wise, Matthew E., Bell, Beth P., Finelli, Lyn. Declining hepatitis A mortality in the United States during the era of hepatitis A vaccination. Journal of Infectious Diseases.197, (9), 1282-1288.2008.
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  • Wise, Matthew Eric. Hepatitis C Mortality and Associated Co-Morbid Conditions: Analysis of United States Multiple-Cause-of-Death Data. Dissertation, University of California-Los Angeles. 2008.
  • Wise, Matthew, Bialek, Stephanie, Finelli, Lyn, Bell, Beth P., Sorvillo, Frank. Changing trends in hepatitis C-related mortality in the United States, 1995-2004. Hepatology.47, (4), 1128-1135.2008.
    • ID: 10.1002/hep.22165 (DOI)
  • Wray, Matt, Miller, Matthew, Gurvey, Jill, Carroll, Joanna, Kawachi, Ichiro. Leaving Las Vegas: Exposure to Las Vegas and risk of suicide. Social Science and Medicine.67, (11), 1882-1888.2008.
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  • Yang, Yang. Trends in U.S. adult chronic disease mortality, 1960-1999: Age, period, and cohort variations. Demography.45, (2), 387-416.2008.
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  • Davis, Mary Ann. Will Our Final Years be Golden? Mortality by Alzheimer's Disease in the United States. Dissertation, Texas A&M University. 2007.
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  • Markowitz, Sara, Cuellar, Alison. Antidepressants and youth: Healing or harmful?. Social Science and Medicine.64, (10), 2138-2151.2007.
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  • Olson, Amy L., Swigris, Jeffrey J., Lezotte, Dennis C., Norris, Jill M., Wilson, Carla G., Brown, Kevin M.. Mortality from pulmonary fibrosis increased in the United States from 1992 to 2003. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.176, (3), 277-284.2007.
    • ID: 10.1164/rccm.200701-044OC (DOI)
  • Redelings, Matthew D., Sorvillo, Frank, Mascola, Laurene. Increase in Clostridium difficile-related mortality rates, United States, 1999-2004. Emerging Infectious Diseases.13, (9), 1417-1419.2007.
    • ID: 10.3201/eid1309.061116 (DOI)
  • Redelings, Matthew D., Wise, Matthew, Sorvillo, Frank. Using multiple cause-of-death data to investigate associations and causality between conditions listed on the death certificate. American Journal of Epidemiology.166, (1), 104-108.2007.
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  • Rockett, Ian R.H., Wang, Shuhui, Lian, Yinjuan, Stack, Steven. Suicide-associated comorbidity among US males and females: A multiple cause-of-death analysis. Injury Prevention.13, (5), 311-315.2007.
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  • Wadsworth, T., Kubrin, C.E.. Hispanic suicide in U.S. metropolitan areas: Examining the effects of immigration, assimilation, affluence, and disadvantage. American Journal of Sociology.112, (6), 1848-1885.2007.
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  • Adekoya, Nelson, Nolte, Kurt B.. Struck-by-lightning deaths in the United States. Journal of Environmental Health.67, (9), 45-50.2005.
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    • ID: (URL)
  • McCoy, Lucie, Redelings, Matthew, Sorvillo, Frank, Simon, Paul. A multiple cause-of-death analysis of asthma mortality in the United States, 1990-2001. Journal of Asthma.42, (9), 757-763.2005.
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    • ID: 10.1056/NEJMoa042271 (DOI)
  • Redelings, Matthew D., Frye, Douglas M., Sorvillo, Frank. High incidence of HIV-associated mortality among black and Hispanic infants and women of childbearing age in the United States 1990-2001. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.39, (4), 496-498.2005.
  • Redelings, Matthew D., Lee, Nolan E., Sorvillo, Frank. Pressure ulcers: More lethal than we thought?. Advances in Skin and Wound Care.18, (7), 367-372.2005.
    • ID: 10.1097/00129334-200509000-00010 (DOI)
  • Sejvar, James J., Holman, Robert C., Bresee, Joseph S., Kochanek, Kenneth D., Schonberger, Lawrence B.. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mortality in the United States, 1979-2001. Neuroepidemiology.25, (3), 144-152.2005.
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  • Simonsen, Lone, Reichert, Thomas A., Viboud, Cecile, Blackwelder, William C., Taylor, Robert J., Miller, Mark A.. Impact of influenza vaccination on seasonal mortality in the US elderly population. Archives of Internal Medicine.165, (3), 265-272.2005.
  • Teplin, Linda A., McClelland, Gary M., Abram, Karen M., Mileusnic, Darinka. Early violent death among delinquent youth: A prospective longitudinal study. Pediatrics.115, (6), 1586-1593.2005.
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  • Wise, Matthew E., Sorvillo, Frank. Hepatitis A-related mortality in California, 1989-2000: Analysis of multiple cause-coded death data. American Journal of Public Health.95, (5), 900-905.2005.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2003.035485 (DOI)
  • Branas, Charles C., Nance, Michael L., Elliott, Michael R., Richmond, Therese S., Schwab, C. William. Urban-rural shifts in intentional firearm death: Different causes, same results. American Journal of Public Health.94, (10), 1750-1755.2004.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.94.10.1750 (DOI)
  • Louie, Janice K., Gavali, Shilpa S., Belay, Ermias D., Trevejo, Rosalie, Hammond, Lucinda H., Schonberger, Lawrence B., Vugia, Duc J.. Barriers to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease autopsies, California. Emerging Infectious Diseases.10, (9), 1677-1680.2004.
    • ID: 10.3201/eid1009.040066 (DOI)
  • McCoy, Lucie, Sorvillo, Frank, Simon, Paul. Varicella-related mortality in California, 1988-2000. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.23, (6), 498-503.2004.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.inf.0000129684.27717.d6 (DOI)
  • Nuru-Jeter, Amani M.. Income Inequality and Mortality: The Role of Race and Residential Segregation. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2003.
  • Selik, Richard M., Byers, Robert H., Dworkin, Mark S.. Trends in diseases reported on U.S. death certificates that mentioned HIV infection, 1987-1999. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.29, (4), 378-387.2002.
  • Simonsen, Lone, Clarke, Matthew J., Williamson, G. David, Stroup, Donna F., Arden, Nancy H., Schonberger, Lawrence B.. The impact of influenza epidemics on mortality: Introducing a severity index. American Journal of Public Health.87, (12), 1944-1950.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.12.1944 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (2002): Multiple Cause of Death, 1999. Version 2. Multiple Cause of Death Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.