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Economic Incentives, Values, and Subjective Well-Being, 1971-1974

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Strumpel, Burkhard
  • Gurin, Gerald
  • Curtin, Richard T.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
consumer attitudes; economic attitudes; economic behavior; economic change; economic conditions; families; income; inflation; labor force; national economy; quality of life; standard of living
  • Abstract

    This study is composed of four data files and includes data from three national cross-section surveys and a sample of young families in two major cities. The data were collected in an effort to construct and apply survey indicators of economic well-being and motivation, and to link changes in them to trends in the American economy. The work aims at measuring economic welfare, its dimensions, its situational (objective) and psychological (subjective) bases, and its consequences for economic behavior and for people's orientation to the larger social system. The focus is on the mutual interdependence of people and the economy. Consideration is given to both the problem of how people influence the economy and the impact of economic changes on people's well-being, their sense of equity and fairness, and their orientation toward societal institutions and the political system. Part 1 data are comprised of data collected in April-May 1971, from a relatively homogeneous sample of young families in Detroit and Baltimore, Part 2 data are from the Survey Research Center's Omnibus Survey, Spring 1972, Part 3 data are from the Omnibus Survey, Fall 1973, and Part 4 data are from the Omnibus Survey, Fall 1974. Respondents were asked about their expectations concerning changes in their income, their feelings about the equity of their income renumeration in comparison with that of others, and their beliefs about which factors should determine a fair amount of pay. Additional items explored respondents' attitudes toward women's participation in the labor force, and work. Information was also elicited about respondents' satisfaction with their job, standard of living, and amount in savings, and how their current standard of living matched past expectations. Various personal trust, control, and achievement items are also included. The data collection also contains the traditional series of Economic Behavior Program questions on consumer attitudes and expectations, price changes, unemployment, and consumer products satisfaction. Demographic variables describe age, sex, race, marital status, education, occupation, income, number of children, religion, and party identification.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Part 1
    • DS2: Part 2
    • DS3: Part 3
    • DS4: Part 4
Temporal Coverage
  • 1971 / 1974
    Time period: 1971--1974
  • 1971 / 1974
    Collection date: 1971--1974
Geographic Coverage
  • Baltimore
  • Detroit
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • United States
The survey conducted in the spring of 1971 used a random sample from the Detroit and Baltimore SMSAs of households who had their first child during the 1960s. The national samples consisted of multistage sampling of 74 primary areas in 37 states and the District of Columbia. The overall sampling rate for housing units was frequently about one in 32,000. Probability selection was enforced at all stages of sampling. In a last stage of sampling, one respondent aged 18 and older was selected from among eligible household members. The sample was designed to yield approximately 1,500 interviews. For each study, sample housing units were selected anew and without replacement. The samples were designed to represent housing units in the coterminous United States exclusive of those on military reservations.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2006-01-18 File CB3512.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (GS-3244, and GSOC72-05581).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3512 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03512.v1
  • Bobo, Lawrence. Attitudes Toward the Black Political Movement: Trends, Meaning, and Effects on Racial Policy Preferences. Social Psychology Quarterly.51, (4), 287-302.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Market-based Reward Distribution: A Sociopsychological Critique. Markets and Morals.Washington, DC: Hemisphere. 1977.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Economic Means for Human Needs: Social Indicators of Well-Being and Discontent. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1976.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Stagnation, Welfare, and the Efficiency of Consumption. Frontiers in Social Thought: Essays in Honor of Kenneth E. Boulding.Amsterdam: North-Holland. 1976.
  • Curtin, Richard T.. Consumer Adaptation to Energy Shortages. 83rd Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association.Chicago, IL. 1975.
  • Curtin, Richard T.. Perceptions of Distributional Equity: Their Economic Bases and Consequences. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1975.
  • Curtin, Richard T.. Sensed interpersonal equity as an incomes policy indicator. American Statistical Association. Proceedings.1975.
  • Curtin, Richard T., Cowan, Charles D.. Public attitudes toward fiscal programs. Surveys of Consumers, 1972-73: Contributions to Behavioral Economics.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1975.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Social Indicators for Planning the Good Economy: The Case for Continuity. Conference on Subjective Measures of Quality of Live.Cambridge, England. 1975.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. The Future of Affluence: Social Indicators of Changes in Economic Welfare and Behavior. Surveys of Consumers, 1972-73.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1975.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Economic Stress As a Source of Societal Discontent. Konsum und Qualitat des Lebens.Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. 1974.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Economic Well-being as an Object of Social Measurement. Subjective Elements of Well-Being: Papers Presented at a Seminar of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, May 15th-17th, 1972.Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1974.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Inflation, discontent and distributive justice. Economic Outlook USA.3, 1974.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Wirtschaftliche Wohlfahrt--Objektiv oder Subjektiv? (Economic Welfare--Objective or Subjective?). Convention of the German Sociological Association.Kassel. 1974.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Economic LIfe Styles, Values and Subjective Welfare--An Empirical Approach. Family Economic Behavior: Problems and Prospects.Philadelphia: Lippincott. 1973.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. The Aged in an Affluent Economy. The Psychology of Adult Development and Aging.Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 1973.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard, Curtin, Richard T., Schwartz, M. Susan. Economic life styles, values, and subjective welfare--An empirical approach. Family Economic Behavior: Problems and Prospects.Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott. 1973.
  • Strumpel, Burkhard. Economic behavior and economic welfare--Models and interdisciplinary approaches. Human Behavior in Economic Affairs: Essays in Honor of George Katona.Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1972.
  • Kish, Leslie, Hess, Irene. The Survey Research Center's National Sample of Dwellings. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1969.
  • Kish, Leslie. Survey Sampling. New York: Wiley. 1965.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Strumpel, Burkhard; Gurin, Gerald; Curtin, Richard T. (1984): Economic Incentives, Values, and Subjective Well-Being, 1971-1974. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.