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Eurobarometer 57.1: European Union Enlargement, the European Parliament, and the Euro, March-May 2002

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Christensen, Thomas (European Commission)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
citizen attitudes; currencies; decision making; economic integration; euro; European Economic Community; European Parliament; European unification; European Union; fear; foreign policy; government; life satisfaction; monetary policy; national identity; national interests; political attitudes; political awareness; public opinion; quality of life; social attitudes; social change; taxes; trust in government; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present life, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, what actions the European Union (EU) should undertake as a priority, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Additional questions focused on respondents' knowledge and opinions about the EU, including how well-informed they felt about the EU, what sources of information about the EU they used, whether their country had benefited from being an EU member, and the extent of their personal interest in EU matters. Another major focus of the surveys was EU enlargement. Respondents were asked about their opinions in regard to how well-informed they felt about EU enlargement, which countries they favor to join the EU, the effects of enlargement, and EU decision-making among the member states after enlargement. The second major focus of the surveys was the European Parliament (EP). Those polled were asked about their voting practices for different types of elections, likes and dislikes about the EP, the effects of government activities and decisions, and their exposure to information about the EP through media or personal contact with the EP, as well as their interest in obtaining more information about the EP. For the final major focus, the euro, certain respondents were asked to provide their opinion about the replacement of national currencies with the euro, the future effects of the introduction of the euro, and their comfort in using the euro. For respondents in countries where the euro was introduced, the poll solicited their opinions regarding price display in euros and in their national currency, and need for these indicators, and queried them about their methods and practices in converting prices between these currencies. Respondents were also asked their opinion about the attributes of euro notes and coinage, the rounding of prices, and their experience in using the euro and with the changeover from their national currency to the euro. In addition, the survey asked respondents to identify who helped them most during the introduction of the euro, to estimate the cost of certain items in euros, and whether they had heard about or benefited from a Euro information campaign directed towards disabled citizens. Respondents were also asked about the presence of foreign coins in their country, their attachment to the euro or their national currency, and their identity as a European in using the euro. For certain countries, respondents were asked whether they had seen the euro logo in shops, and whether the presence of the logo had affected their confidence in the store. Other survey questions included whether respondents were afraid of organized crime and certain disaster situations, as well as particular scenarios in relation to EU enlargement, whether decision-making about select issues should be done by a member country alone or jointly with the EU, and whether the EU should develop a constitution, as well as common foreign, defense, and security policies. In addition, respondents were asked about their opinion regarding the electoral processes of the EU government and member states, and tax revenue, while respondents in Spain were asked about the EU presidency. Demographic and other background information collected includes respondent age, gender, nationality, marital status, left-right political self-placement, age when stopped full-time education, household income, occupation, type and size of community, region of residence, and language of interview.
  • Methods

    Please review the Weighting Information located in the ICPSR codebook for this Eurobarometer study.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2002-03-29 / 2002-05-01
    Time period: 2002-03-29--2002-05-01
  • 2002-03-29 / 2002-05-01
    Collection date: 2002-03-29--2002-05-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
Sampled Universe
Citizens of the EU aged 15 and over residing in the 15 EU member countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Smallest Geographic Unit: country
Multistage national probability samples.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The codebook and setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many European languages.

    The fieldwork dates in the data file for the Netherlands are not consistent with the fieldwork dates in the Technical Specifications.

    Conducted by the European Opinion Research Group EEIG, Brussels, Belgium.

2007-02-12 Data for all previously embargoed variables are now available. The data have been further processed by the ZA, and the SPSS setup file and the codebook have been updated. Also, SAS and Stata setup files, an SPSS portable file, a SAS transport file, and a Stata system file have been added.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3521 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03521.v1
  • Roose, Jochen. How European is European identification? Comparing continental identification in Europe and beyond. Journal of Common Market Studies.51, (2), 281-297.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/jcms.12005 (DOI)
  • Kavetsos, Georgios. National pride: War minus the shooting. Social Indicators Research.106, (1), 173-185.2012.
    • ID: 10.2307/41409381 (DOI)
  • Dursun-Ozkanca, Oya. European Union enlargement and British public opinion: The agenda-setting power of the press. Perspectives on European Politics and Society.12, (2), 139-160.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/15705854.2011.572642 (DOI)
  • Treisman, Daniel. The Geography of Fear. NBER Working Paper No. 16838.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2011.
    • ID: 10.3386/w16838 (DOI)
  • Adams, James, Somer-Topcu, Zeynep. Moderate now, win votes later: The electoral consequences of parties' policy shifts in 25 postwar democracies. Journal of Politics.71, (2), 678-692.2009.
    • ID: 10.2307/30218978 (DOI)
  • Steenbergen, Marco R., Edwards, Erica E., de Vries, Catherine E.. Who's cueing whom? Mass-elite linkages and the future of European integration. European Union Politics.8, (1), 13-35.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/1465116507073284 (DOI)
  • Leon, Margarita, Mateo Diaz, Mercedes, Meseguer, Covadonga. The Spanish case: Who was mobilized and how?. South European Society and Politics.9, (1), 63-81.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/13608740410001681406 (DOI)
  • European Commission. Public Opinion in the European Union: Eurobarometer 57. EU15, Brussels: European Commission. 2002.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Christensen, Thomas (2003): Eurobarometer 57.1: European Union Enlargement, the European Parliament, and the Euro, March-May 2002. Archival Version. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.