User's Manual for 1970 Census Fourth Count (Population): School District Data Tape

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; educational background; employment; ethnicity; household composition; income; school districts
  • Abstract

    The 1970 Census School District Data Tape (SDDT) User's Guide was designed to complement the 1970 Census User's Guide prepared by the United States Census Bureau. The School District Data Tape (SDDT) created by the National Center for Education Statistics is a recompilation of the 1970 Census Fourth Count Population data, providing data tables for each school district in the country with 300 or more students. The preparation of the School District Data Tape required three major steps: (1) overlaying school district boundaries on census maps, (2) creating a geo-reference tape indicating the percent of each census area falling within each school district, and (3) merging the geo-reference tape with the 1970 Census Fourth Count Population Files A (Traced Areas) and B (Minor Civil Divisions). Some of the major uses of the School District Data Tape include: allocation of federal funds, desegregation planning, bilingual and minority special education planning, preschool and child care planning, facility planning, redistricting, urban-suburban-rural analyses, mobility analysis, social and economic inequality among school districts, and school children profiles. In addition to these uses, most state education agencies will find data by school district of value in allocating federal and state aid to school districts and in the evaluation of the inequality of property taxes as a basis for financing elementary and secondary education. The School District Data Tape matches, as closely as possible, the format of the Fourth Count (Population) Summary tapes supplied by the Census Bureau.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1970
  • Collection date: 1970
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All school districts in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2004-05-28 A processing note has been added to the codebook.2003-03-21 The file specifications in the study descriptions have been corrected.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3525 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03525.v1
  • Feldstein, Martin. The effect of a differential add-on grant: Title I and local education spending. Journal of Human Resources.13, (4), 443-458.1978.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15