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Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS): 2000 Sample Survey of Law Enforcement Agencies

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) Series
Publication Date
2003-01-23
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
administration; budgets; law enforcement; law enforcement agencies; management; personnel; police departments; statistical data; wages and salaries; workers
Description
  • Abstract

    This survey, the sixth in the Bureau of Justice Statistics' program on Law Enforcement and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS), presents information on law enforcement agencies in the United States: state police, county police, special police (state and local), municipal police, and sheriff's departments. Variables include size of the population served by the police or sheriff's department, levels of employment and spending, various functions of the department, average salary levels for uniformed officers, policies and programs, and other matters related to management and personnel.This survey, the sixth in the Bureau of Justice Statistics' program on Law Enforcement and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS), presents information on law enforcement agencies in the United States: state police, county police, special police (state and local), municipal police, and sheriff's departments. Variables include size of the population served by the police or sheriff's department, levels of employment and spending, various functions of the department, average salary levels for uniformed officers, policies and programs, and other matters related to management and personnel.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2000
  • 2000-07 / 2001-07
    Collection date: 2000-07--2001-07
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The universe for the 2000 survey consists of agencies listed in the 1996 Directory Survey of Law Enforcement Agencies. The Directory includes all state and local law enforcement agencies that are publicly funded and employ at least one full-time or part-time sworn officer with general arrest powers.The universe for the 2000 survey consists of agencies listed in the 1996 Directory Survey of Law Enforcement Agencies. The Directory includes all state and local law enforcement agencies that are publicly funded and employ at least one full-time or part-time sworn officer with general arrest powers. Smallest Geographic Unit: United States
Sampling
For sampling purposes, the law enforcement agencies were separated into two groups: self-representing (SR) and non-self-representing (NSR) agencies. All state police or agencies with 100 or more sworn full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are SR. All remaining agencies in sheriff's department, local police, and special police categories are NSR.For sampling purposes, the law enforcement agencies were separated into two groups: self-representing (SR) and non-self-representing (NSR) agencies. All state police or agencies with 100 or more sworn full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are SR. All remaining agencies in sheriff's department, local police, and special police categories are NSR.
Collection Mode
  • self-enumerated questionnaire

Note
2008-12-08 An update was made to correct a processing error. No changes were made to any files.2008-12-04 The dataset was updated with the full product suite and the codebook was marked up in xml.2003-06-19 The title of the study has been revised to align it with others in the LEMAS series. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3565 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03565.v1
Publications
  • Bennett, Laura. Race and Gender in Policing: Are More Representative Departments More Effective?. Duke University, . 2015.
    • ID: http://dukespace.lib.duke.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/10161/9734/Bennett_MP.pdf?sequence=1 (URL)
  • D'Alessio, Stewart J., Stolzenberg, Lisa, Flexon, Jamie L.. Are Drug Asset Forfeiture Laws Corrupting the Police?. Weston Publishing. 2015.
  • Reaves, Brian A.. Local Police Departments, 2013: Equipment and Technology. NCJ 248767, Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2015.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/lpd13et.pdf (URL)
  • Schuck, Amie M.. Prevalence and predictors of surveillance cameras in law enforcement: The importance of stakeholders and community factors. Criminal Justice Policy Review.2015.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403415570631 (DOI)
  • Urbina, Martin Guevara, Alvarez, Sofia Espinoza. Latino Police Officers in the United States: An Examination of Emerging Trends and Issues. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas Publisher. 2015.
  • Anzia, Sarah F., Moe, Terry M.. Public sector unions and the costs of government. Journal of Politics.2014.
  • Giblin, Matthew J.. Understanding Influence Across Justice Agencies: The Spread of 'Community Reforms' from Law Enforcement to Prosecutor Organizations. Final Report.NCJ 245945, Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University. 2014.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/245945.pdf (URL)
  • Matusiak, Matthew C., Campbell, Bradley A., King, William R.. The legacy of LEMAS: Effects on police scholarship of a federally administered, multi-wave establishment survey. Policing.37, (3), 630-648.2014.
  • Smith, Brad W. Holmes, Malcolm D.. Police use of excessive force in minority communities: A test of the minority threat, place, and community accountability hypotheses. Social Problems.61, (1), 83-104.2014.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.2013.12056 (DOI)
  • Willits, Dale W.. The organisational structure of police departments and assaults on police officers. International Journal of Police Science and Management.16, (2), 140-154.2014.
    • ID: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.334 (DOI)
  • Willits, Dale W., Nowacki, Jeffrey S.. Police organisation and deadly force: An examination of variation across large and small cities. Policing and Society.24, (1), 63-80.2014.
    • ID: 10.1080/10439463.2013.784314 (DOI)
  • Chalfin, Aaron, McCrary, Justin. Are U.S. cities underpoliced?: Theory and evidence. . 2013.
    • ID: http://emlab.berkeley.edu/~jmccrary/chalfin_mccrary2013.pdf (URL)
  • Chalfin, Aaron, McCrary, Justin. The Effect of Police on Crime: New Evidence from U.S. Cities, 1960-2010. NBER Working Paper Series.18815, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2013.
    • ID: http://cdi.mecon.gov.ar/doc/nber/w18815.pdf (URL)
  • Gul, Zakir, Kule, Ahmet. Intelligence-led policing: How the use of crime intelligence analysis translates in to the decision-making. International Journal of Security and Terrorism.4, (1), 21-40.2013.
  • Gustafson, Joseph. Diversity in municipal police agencies: A national examination of minority hiring and promotion. Policing.36, (4), 2013.
    • ID: 10.1108/PIJPSM-01-2013-0005 (DOI)
  • Randol, Blake M.. Modeling a Decade of Organizational Change in Municipal Police Departments: A Longitudinal Analysis of Technical, Administrative, and Programmatic Innovations. Dissertation, Washington State University. 2013.
  • Fox, James P., Jr.. Legitimacy and Law Enforcement: The Counterinsurgency Against Gang Crime in the United States. Thesis, Georgetown University. 2012.
  • Prelog, Andrew J.. Longitudinal and Geographic Analysis of the Relationship Between Natural Disasters and Crime in the United States. Dissertation, Colorado State University. 2012.
  • Pyrooz, David C.. Structural covariates of gang homicide in large U.S. cities. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.49, (4), 489-518.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427811415535 (DOI)
  • Riggs, Courtney. Exploring the Impact of Department Policy on TASER-Proximate Arrest Related Deaths. Thesis, Arizona State University. 2012.
  • Zhao, Jihong, Ren, Ling, Lovrich, Nicholas P.. Political culture versus socioeconomic approaches to predicting police strength in U.S. police agencies: Results of a longitudinal study, 1993 to 2003. Crime and Delinquency.58, (2), 167-195.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128708318947 (DOI)
  • Dichter, Melissa E., Marcus, Steven C., Morabito, Melissa S., Rhodes, Karin V.. Explaining the IPV arrest decision: Incident, agency, and community factors. Criminal Justice Review.36, (1), 22-39.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0734016810383333 (DOI)
  • Baltaci, Halil. Crime Analysis: An Empirical Analysis of Its Effectiveness as a Crime Fighting Tool. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Dallas. 2010.
  • Chamlin, Mitchell B., Sanders, Beth A.. Macro social determinants of black police force size: Political mobilization and crime control. Policing.33, (4), 607-620.2010.
    • ID: 10.1108/13639511011085042 (DOI)
  • Garicano, Luis, Heaton, Paul. Information technology, organization, and productivity in the public sector: Evidence from police departments. Journal of Labor Economics.28, (1), 167-201.2010.
    • ID: 10.1086/649844 (DOI)
  • Morabito, Melissa Schaefer. Understanding community policing as an innovation: Patterns of adoption. Crime and Delinquency.56, (4), 564-587.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128707311643 (DOI)
  • Pyrooz, David C., Fox, Andrew M., Decker, Scott H.. Racial and ethnic heterogeneity, economic disadvantage, and gangs: A macro-level study of gang membership in urban America. Justice Quarterly.27, (6), 867-892.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820903473264 (DOI)
  • Bishopp, Stephen A., Worrall, John L.. Do state asset forfeiture laws explain the upward trend in drug arrests?. Journal of Crime and Justice.32, (2), 117-138.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/0735648X.2009.9721272 (DOI)
  • Demir, Serhat. Diffusion of Police Technology Across Time and Space and the Impact of Technology Use on Police Effectiveness and its Contribution to Decision-Making. Dissertation, Kent State University. 2009.
  • Gul, Zakir. A Partial Test of the Intelligence-Led Policing Model. Dissertation, Kent State University. 2009.
  • Roberts, Aki, Roberts, John M., Jr.. Impact of network ties on change in police agency practices. Policing.32, (1), 38-55.2009.
    • ID: 10.1108/13639510910937102 (DOI)
  • Sharp, Elaine B., Johnson, Paul E.. Accounting for variation in distrust of local police. Justice Quarterly.26, (1), 157-182.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820802290496 (DOI)
  • Ulkemen, Sinan. The Impact of Surveillance Technology on the Behaviors of Municipal Police Departments. Dissertation, University of North Texas. 2009.
  • Briggs, Steven J., Zhao, Jihong, Wilson, Steve, Ren, Ling. The effect of collective bargaining on large police agency supplemental compensation policies: 1990-2000. Police Practice and Research.9, (3), 227-238.2008.
    • ID: 10.1080/15614260701797496 (DOI)
  • Dalehite, Esteban G.. Determinants of performance measurement: An investigation into the decision to conduct citizen surveys. Public Administration Review.68, (5), 891-907.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2008.00930.x (DOI)
  • Johnson, Brian D., Ulmer, Jeffery T., Kramer, John H.. The social context of guidelines circumvention: The case of Federal District courts. Criminology.46, (3), 737-783.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2008.00125.x (DOI)
  • Jones-Webb, Rhonda, Wall, Melanie. Neighborhood Racial/Ethnic Concentration, Social Disadvantage, and Homicide Risk: An Ecological Analysis of 10 U.S. Cities. Journal of Urban Health.85, (5), 662-676.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11524-008-9302-y (DOI)
  • Morabito, Melissa S.. The adoption of police innovation: The role of the political environment. Policing.31, (3), 466-484.2008.
    • ID: 10.1108/13639510810895812 (DOI)
  • Roberts, Aki. The influences of incident and contextual characteristics on crime clearance of nonlethal violence: A multilevel event history analysis. Journal of Criminal Justice.36, (1), 61-71.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2007.12.007 (DOI)
  • Wilson, Steve, Zhao, Jihong. Determining the correlates of police victimization: An analysis of organizational level factors on injurious assaults. Journal of Criminal Justice.36, (5), 461-468.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2008.07.009 (DOI)
  • Worrall, John L., Kovandzic, Tomislav V.. Is policing for profit? Answers from asset forfeiture. Criminology and Public Policy.7, (2), 219-244.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2008.00504.x (DOI)
  • King, Ryan D.. The context of minority group threat: Race, institutions and complying with Hate Crime law. Law and Society Review.41, (1), 189-224.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5893.2007.00295.x (DOI)
  • Lilley, David, Hinduja, Sameer. Police officer performance appraisal and overall satisfaction. Journal of Criminal Justice.35, (2), 137-150.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2007.01.002 (DOI)
  • Marschall, Melissa, Shah, Paru R.. The attitudinal effects of minority incorporation: Examining the racial dimensions of trust in urban America. Urban Affairs Review.42, (5), 629-658.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/1078087406297026 (DOI)
  • Roberts, Aki, Roberts, John M., Jr.. The structure of informal communication between police agencies. Policing.30, (1), 93-107.2007.
  • Beckman, Karen A.. Community Policing and Changing Crime Rates: Does What Police Do Matter?. Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park. 2006.
  • Morash, Merry, Kwak, Dae-Hoon, Haarr, Robin. Gender differences in the predictors of police stress. Policing.29, (3), 541-563.2006.
    • ID: 10.1108/13639510610684755 (DOI)
  • Roberts, Aki, Roberts, John M., Jr.. Police Innovations and the Structure of Informal Communication Between Police Agencies: Network and LEMAS Data. NCJ 216150, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/216150.pdf (URL)
  • Sharp, Elaine B.. Policing urban America: A new look at the politics of agency size. Social Science Quarterly.87, (2), 291-307.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2006.00381.x (DOI)
  • D'Alessio, Steward J., Eitle, David, Stolzenberg, Lisa. Impact of serious crime, racial threat and economic inequality on private police size. Social Science Research.34, (2), 267-282.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2004.02.002 (DOI)
  • D'Alessio, Stewart, J., Eitle, David, Stolzenberg, Lisa. Police Organizational Factors, the Racial Composition of the Police, and the Probability of Arrest. Justice Quarterly.22, (1), 30-57.2005.
  • Eitle, David. The influence of mandatory arrest policies, police organizational characteristics, and situational variables on the probability of arrest in domestic violence cases. Crime and Delinquency.51, (4), 573-597.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128705277784 (DOI)
  • Watkins, Charles E., Jr.. The Information Technology Productivity Paradox in Law Enforcement: An Exploratory Study. Dissertation, George Washington University. 2005.
  • Wilson, Steve. Determining the Correlates of Police Victimization: An Analysis of Social Disorganization and Organizational Level Factors on Injurious Assaults. Dissertation, University of Nebraska. 2005.
  • Catalano, Shannan M.. An Examination of the Convergence between Police Recording and Victim Reporting of Serious Violent Crime, 1973-2002. Dissertation, University of Missouri St. Louis. 2004.
  • Dorsey, Tina L., Zawitz, Marianne W., Middleton, Priscilla. Drugs and Crime Facts. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/dcf.pdf (URL)
  • Perry, Steven W.. American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002. NCJ 203097, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/aic02.pdf (URL)
  • Reaves, Brian J., Hickman, Matthew J.. Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers. NCJ 203350, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/lemas00.pdf (URL)
  • Hickman, Matthew J., Reaves, Brian A.. Local Police Departments 2000. NCJ 196002, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/lpd00.pdf (URL)
  • Greene, Helen Taylor, del Carmen, Alejandro. Female police officers in Texas: Perceptions of colleagues and stress. Policing.25, (2), 385-398.2002.
  • Hickman, Matthew J., Reaves, Brian A.. Sheriffs' Offices 2000. NCJ 196534, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2002.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/so00.pdf (URL)
  • Hickman, Matthew J, Reaves, Brian A.. Local police and homeland security: Some baseline data. Police Chief.10, 83-85, 88.2002.
  • Maguire, Edward R.. Multiwave establishment surveys of police organizations. Justice Research and Policy.4, 39-60.2002.
    • ID: 10.3818/JRP.4.1.2002.39 (DOI)
  • Reaves, Brian A., Hickman, Matthew J.. Police Departments in Large Cities, 1990-2000. NCJ 175703, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2002.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/pdlc00.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2003): Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS): 2000 Sample Survey of Law Enforcement Agencies. Archival Version. Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03565