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Juvenile Defendants in Criminal Courts (JDCC): Survey of 40 Counties in the United States, 1998

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2003-09-25
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
case processing; court cases; criminal histories; defendants; disposition (legal); felons; felony courts; juveniles; pretrial detention; pretrial release; sentencing; state courts; statistical data
Description
  • Abstract

    This is an independent sample of juvenile defendants drawn from the State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) for 1998 (see ICPSR 2038). SCPS 1998 tracked felony cases filed in May 1998 until final disposition or until one year had elapsed from the date of filing. SCPS 1998 presents data on felony cases filed in approximately 40 of the nation's 75 most populous counties in 1998. These 75 counties account for more than a third of the United States population and approximately half of all reported crimes. The cases from these 40 jurisdictions were weighted to represent all felony filings during the month of May in the 75 most populous counties. Data were collected on arrest charges, demographic characteristics, criminal history, pretrial release and detention, adjudication, and sentencing. Within each sampled site, data were gathered on each juvenile felony case. Cases were tracked through adjudication or for up to one year. The source used to identify the upper age for juveniles and the filing mechanism appropriate to each state was the OJJDP publication, Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions (December 1998).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Felony court filings during the month of May in 1998 in the 40 of the 75 most populous counties in the United States.
Sampling
An independent sample of juvenile defendants was drawn from the State Court Processing Statistics 1998 series. The sample is non-probabilistic of the counties and cannot be generalized to the universe of 75 counties.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3750 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Howell, Rebecca J., Hutto, Tonya S.. Sentencing convicted juvenile felony offenders in the adult court: The direct effects of race. Behavioral Sciences and the Law.2012.
    • ID: 10.1002/bsl.2012 (DOI)
  • Reynolds, Amanda. Treatment of Minority Youth Offenders in the Criminal Justice System: An Analysis of 'Juvenile Defendants in Criminal Courts (JDCC) Survey of 40 Counties in the United States, 1998'. Thesis, Southern Connecticut State University. 2011.
  • Jordan, Kareem L., Freiberger, Tina L.. Examining the impact of race and ethnicity on the sentencing of juveniles in the adult court. Criminal Justice Policy Review.21, (2), 185-201.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403409354738 (DOI)
  • Samuelson, Benta K.. Mechanisms of Juvenile Transfer: Variations in Incarceration and Sentence Length in Criminal Court. Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park. 2010.
  • Webb, Patrick R.. Incapacitating the Innocent: An Investigation of Legal and Extralegal Factors Associated with the Preadjudcatory Detention of Juveniles. Boca Raton, FL: Universal Publishers. 2010.
  • Steiner, Benjamin. The effects of juvenile transfer to criminal court on incarceration decisions. Justice Quarterly.26, (1), 77-106.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820802119943 (DOI)
  • Rainville, Gerard. Juveniles transferred to criminal courts: Is their criminal sentence dependent on how they got there?. Criminal Justice Policy Review.19, (3), 301-313.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403408316813 (DOI)
  • Holbrook, Ashley M.. Juveniles Adjudicated in Adult Court: The Effects of Age, Gender, Race, Previous Convictions, and Severity of Crime on Sentencing Decisions. Thesis, East Tennessee State University. 2007.
  • Johnson, D.L., Banister, D.E., Alm, M.L.. The Violent Youth Offender and Juvenile Transfer to the Adult Criminal Court. Impacting Juvenile Justice: At the Intersection of Approaches Conference.Warrensburg, MO. 2004.
  • Johnson, D.L., Banister, D.E., Alm, M.L.. The Violent Youth Offender and Juvenile Transfer to the Adult Criminal Court. 2004 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Sociological Society.Kansas City, MO. 2004.
  • Johnson, D.L., Banister, D.E., Alm, M.L.. The Violent Youth Offender and Juvenile Transfer to the Adult Criminal Court. American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting.Nashville, TN. 2004.
  • Johnson, D.L., Banister, D.E., Alm, M.L.. The violent youth offender and juvenile transfer to the adult criminal court. Journal of the Institute of Justice and International Studies.4, 84-100.2004.
  • Rainville, Gerard A., Smith, Steven K.. Juvenile Felony Defendants in Criminal Courts: Survey of 40 Counties, 1998. Special Report.NCJ 197961, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/jfdcc98.pdf (URL)
  • Austin, James, Johnson, Kelly Dedel, Gregoriou, Maria. Juveniles in Adult Prisons and Jails: A National Assessment. NCJ 182503, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/bja/182503.pdf (URL)
  • Snyder, Howard N., Sickmund, Melissa. Juvenile Offenders and Victims. 1999 National Report.NCJ 178257, Washington, DC: United States Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 1999.
  • Griffin, P., Torbet, P., Szymanski, L.. Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions. NCJ 172836, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/172836.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2003): Juvenile Defendants in Criminal Courts (JDCC): Survey of 40 Counties in the United States, 1998. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03750.v1