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International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS), 1989-2000

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Mayhew, Pat (Home Office, London, United Kingdom)
  • ICVS International Working Group
  • United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), Turin, Italy
  • United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria
  • United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), Turin, Italy
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
citizen crime reporting; commercial theft; crime; crime prevention; crime rates; developing nations; fear of crime; injuries; international crime statistics; law enforcement; nations; offenses; petty theft; police performance; punishment; reactions to crime; robbery; sanctions; security systems; sex offenses; sexual assault; sexual harassment; vandalism; victim services; victimization; violence
  • Abstract

    The International Crime Victim Survey (ICVS) is a far-reaching program of fully standardized surveys investigating householders' experience of crime in different countries. The data were collected in four waves: 1989, 1992, 1996, and 2000. The main focus of the ICVS is whether the respondent was a victim of theft of or from vehicles, other thefts, vandalism, robbery, pickpocketing, sexual harassment or violence, or assault. The surveys also investigated the frequency of victimization, reasons for not reporting a crime to the police, familiarity with the offender in the case of a sexual offense, physical violence, injuries, fear of crime in the respondent's local area, use of help agencies for victims, satisfaction with police behavior, preferred legal sanctions, punishment, and length of detention for offenders, safety precautions when leaving home, possession of a gun, burglar alarm, or insurance, and frequency of going out. Some of the 2000 surveys were administered nationally and some were restricted to a main city within a given country. The ICVS National Survey Data cover the following countries: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Catalonia, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, France, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. The ICVS City Survey Data cover the following countries: Albania, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Panama, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Ukraine, and Zambia.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: ICVS National Survey Data
    • DS2: ICVS City Survey Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1989
  • Time period: 1992
  • Time period: 1996
  • Time period: 2000
  • Collection date: 1989
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 2000
Geographic Coverage
  • Albania
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Botswana
  • Bulgaria
  • Cambodia
  • Canada
  • Colombia
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • England
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Georgia (Republic)
  • Global
  • Hungary
  • Latvia
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Mongolia
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Netherlands
  • Nigeria
  • Northern Ireland
  • Panama
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Scotland
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United States
  • Wales
  • Zambia
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 16 and over living in Albania, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Catalonia, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England and Wales, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Panama, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Slovenia, South Africa, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Uganda, Ukraine, the United States, and Zambia.
Samples of 1,000 to 2,000 cases were drawn from the population of each country's largest city. In a few countries, the surveys covered several cities by random dialing. In some countries, there was an additional sample of 200 cases from rural areas, or a national sample was taken. Sampling was generally hierarchical. It began with identifying administrative areas within the city, followed by a step-by-step procedure aiming at identifying areas, streets, blocks, households, and, finally, household members aged 16 and over. No substitution of the selected respondent was allowed. There were some exceptions to this procedure. In Finland, a random selection of individuals was drawn from the population register. In Northern Ireland and some rural parts of Spain, telephone penetration was low and interviews were taken face-to-face with some computer assistance.
Collection Mode
  • The principal investigators request that any publications using ICVS data be sent to John van Kesteren, UNICRI, Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10, 10127 Torino, Italy.

    Researchers are to note that some of the surveys were administered nationally and some were restricted to a main city in the country. The principal investigators request that all users of datasets be careful in selecting and comparing data. Data users are to consult the identification variables I001 through I009 and the weighting variables in the database and the codebook.

2006-01-18 File CB3803.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3803 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Chon, Don Soo. Police reporting by sexual assault victims in western and in non-western countries. Journal of Family Violence.29, (8), 859-868.2014.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10896-014-9644-z (DOI)
  • Soo Chon, Don, Wilson, Mary. Perceived risk of burglary and fear of crime: Individual- and country-level mixed modeling. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0306624X14551257 (DOI)
  • Abbott, Jessica A.. Cross-national Fear of Crime among Women: An Examination of Structural and Individual-level Causes. Dissertation, Southern Illinois University Carbondale. 2011.
  • Reed, Sarah J.. Explaining Variation in Public Punitiveness: A Cross-National and Multi-Level Approach. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 2011.
  • Stein, Rachel E.. The utility of country structure: A cross-national multilevel analysis of property and violent victimization. International Criminal Justice Review.20, (1), 35-55.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1057567710361718 (DOI)
  • Tseloni, Andromachi, Mailley, Jen, Farrell, Graham, Tilley, Nick. Exploring the international decline in crime rates. European Journal of Criminology.7, (5), 375-394.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1477370810367014 (DOI)
  • Uludag, Sener, Colvin, Mark, Hussey, David, Eng, Abbey L.. Democracy, inequality, modernization, routine activities, and international variations in person crime victimization. International Criminal Justice Review.19, (3), 265-286.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/1057567709334955 (DOI)
  • Stein, Rachel E.. The Individual and Structural Levels of Routine Activities/Lifestyles Theory: A Cross-National Perspective of Victimization. Dissertation, University of Akron. 2008.
  • Yusuke, Sakaguchi. Determinants of the perceived risk of crime: The unique factors identified in Japan through an international comparison. Japanese Sociological Review.58, (2), 462-477.2008.
  • Hunt, Jennifer. Do teen births keep American crime high?. Journal of Law and Economics.49, 533-566.2006.
    • ID: 10.1086/501090 (DOI)
  • Sakaguchi, Yusuke. A Study on Crime Consciousness by Quantitative Sociological Approach. Thesis, Osaka University. 2006.
  • Farrell, Graham, Tseloni, Andromachi, Pease, Ken. Repeat victimization in the ICVS and the NCVS. Crime Prevention and Community Safety.7, (3), 7-18.2005.
  • Lewis, Chris, Barclay, Gordon, DeCavarlay, Bruno Aubusson, Costa, Maria JoAo Morgado, Smit, Paul. Crime trends in the EU. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research.10, (2/3), 187-223.2004.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10610-004-2569-y (DOI)
  • Lynch, James P., Bennett, Richard R.. Governmental Legitimacy, Corruption and Citizen's Willingness to Report Crimes to the Police: A Cross-National Study. European Society of Criminology.Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 2004.
  • Soares, Rodrigo R.. Crime Reporting as a Measure of Institutional Development. Economic Development and Cultural Change.52, (4), 851-871.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/420900 (DOI)
  • van Dijk, Jan J.M., Alvazzi Del Frate, A.. Criminal victimization and victim services across the world. International Perspectives in Victimology.1, (1), 14-34.2004.
  • Goudriaan, Heike, Lynch, James P., Nieuwbeerta, Paul. The Influence of Crime Characteristics and Prevailing Standards in a Country on the Decision to Report to the Police. 10th Sociaal Wetenschappeliijke Studiedagen.Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 2002.
  • Goundriaan, Heike, Lynch, James P., Niewbeerta, Paul. Reporting to the Police in Western Nations: The Effects of Country Characteristics. Meeting of the International Society of Criminology.Toledo, Spain. 2002.
  • Lynch, James P.. The effects of non-uniformities in design on comparisons of aggregate estimates of victimization in the ICVS. Crime Victimization in Comparative Perspective: Results from the International Crime Victims Survey.Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers. 2002.
  • Lynch, James P.. The effects of non-uniformities in design on comparisons of aggregate estimates of victimization in the ICVS. International Crime Victimization Workshop, Netherlands Institute for the Study of Criminology and Law Enforcement.Leiden, The Netherlands. 2001.
  • Aromaa, Kauko, Heiskanen, Markku. Crime Risks in Finland 2000: Finnish Results of the 2000 Sweep of the International Crime Victims Survey. Helsinki: National Reserach Institute of Legal Policy. 2000.
  • Kesteren, John van, Mayhew, Patricia, Nieuwbeerta, Paul. Criminal Victimisation in Seventeen Industrialised Countries: Key Findings from the 2000 International Crime Victims Survey. Onderzoek en beleid.The Hague: Justitie, Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum. 2000.
  • Marenin, Otwin. Victimization surveys and the accuracy and reliability of official crime data in developing countriesPublications received,. Journal of Criminal Justice.25, (6), 463-475.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2352(97)00033-0 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Mayhew, Pat; ICVS International Working Group; United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), Turin, Italy; United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, Vienna, Austria; United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), Turin, Italy (2003): International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS), 1989-2000. Version 1. International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.