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National Survey of America's Families (NSAF), 1999

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Urban Institute
  • Child Trends
Other Title
  • NSAF, Round Two (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey of America's Families (NSAF) Series
Publication Date
2007-10-03
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • Annie E. Casey Foundation
  • W. K. Kellogg Foundation
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
  • David and Lucile Packard Foundation
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
  • McKnight Foundation
  • Commonwealth Fund
  • Stuart Foundation
  • Weingart Foundation
  • Fund for New Jersey
  • Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
  • Joyce Foundation
  • Rockefeller Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child care; child development; child support; child welfare; cognition; families; federal aid; food programs; health attitudes; health care; health care access; health insurance; health services utilization; household composition; household income; job training; living arrangements; low income groups; mental health; public assistance programs; student attitudes; welfare services
Description
  • Abstract

    The National Survey of America's Families (NSAF) is a household survey that provides a comprehensive look at quantitative measures of the well-being of children, adults, and their families. While the focus of the survey is at the state level, the scope is national -- with a primary emphasis on low-income families. NSAF information was gathered from interviews conducted with the Most Knowledgeable Adult (MKA), the person in the household who was most knowledgeable about the questions being asked about the respondent, their spouse/partner (if applicable) and the focal child (or children). Data were collected from more than 40,000 families in two stages. First, a screener interview was administered to determine whether a household was eligible to complete the second, extended interview. Two types of extended interviews were administered. Option A interviews were used in households with children under age 18. Option B interviews were used in childless adult households and also with emancipated minors. The extended interview was divided into several sections and is labeled A through P below: A. Student Status. This section contained two questions that asked whether the respondent was a student and whether that household was the respondent's usual residence.; B. Health Status and Satisfaction. These questions asked about the respondent's satisfaction with health care, access to health care, the health status of the focal children, and the health status of the respondent. It also covered questions about the respondent's awareness of specific insurance programs such as Medicaid, and those associated with the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP).; C. Parent/Child/Family Interaction and Education. This series of questions asked about education for focal children. Questions addressed the focal child's current grade (or the last grade completed) and the child's attitudes toward school and schoolwork, skipping school, suspensions, and changing schools. Questions were also asked about children over 11 years old working for pay and attending summer school.; D. Household Roster. In this section, the name, age, and sex of all persons living in the household were recorded, and relationships between all household members were investigated.; E. Health Care Coverage. Information was gathered about current health insurance coverage for the respondent, the respondent's spouse/partner, and the focal children. Questions were also asked about characteristics of that coverage and of periods in which family members had no insurance coverage.; F. Health Care Use and Access. This section gathered information about health status, health care services received, and necessary health care services that were postponed during the preceding 12 months. Questions on routine care, overnight stays in hospitals, dental care, mental health care, women's health care, well-child care, and prescription medicines were also included.; G. Child Care. In this section, respondents were queried as to child care arrangements including Head Start, child care centers, before- or after-school care, and babysitters. Questions were asked about the total number of hours per week in each care situation, the typical number of children cared for, the typical number of adult child care providers, and child care costs.; H. Nonresidential Parent/Father. These questions determined whether a focal child had a nonresident parent, how often the child saw his/her nonresident parent, whether the nonresident parent provided financial support, and whether nonresident parents were required by child support orders to provide financial support.; I. Employment and Earnings. This section contained a series of questions about the employment and earnings of the respondent and the spouse/partner for the current and preceding year. Topics included employment status, occupation, industry, employer-provided health insurance, hours worked, and earnings. Some questions were also asked about the earnings of other family members.; J. Family Income. Family income also was identified from a wide variety of sources other than earnings from employment. These sources included public assistance (e.g., Temporary Assistance for Needy Families [TANF], General Assistance, Emergency Assistance, vouchers), Food Stamps, child support, foster care payments, financial assistance from friends or relatives, unemployment compensation, workers' compensation or veterans' payments, Supplemental Security Income, Social Security, pension or annuity income, interest or dividend income, income from rental property, or any other income source.; K. Welfare Program Participation. This section gathered detailed information about TANF and Food Stamp benefits that the respondent might have received within the preceding two years. For both types of assistance, periods in which the respondent's benefits were reduced or eliminated were identified, as were strategies for coping during such times. Current TANF or Food Stamp recipients were asked about any requirements they had to fulfill (e.g., job search, training, etc.) in order to receive these benefits. Recipients were also asked questions about awareness of time limits and experiences with diversion. For respondents with children, questions were asked about benefits received in the previous year through the supplemental food program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and free or reduced-cost school breakfast and lunch programs. Additional questions were asked about respondent experiences in obtaining government assistance for child care and health insurance through Medicaid and CHIP, and receipt and/or the use of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) in 1998.; L. Education and Training. This series of questions inquired about the highest grade completed, highest degree earned, participation in job training programs during the previous year, and classes taken for credit during the previous year.; M. Housing and Economic Hardship. Questions covered the respondent's living arrangements, the name(s) of the lease- or mortgage- holder(s) in the household, and the amount of rent or mortgage paid monthly. Information was collected about financial contributions by the respondent or his/her spouse or partner to children under 18 years old living outside the household. The effect of economic hardship on the family's food consumption and ability to pay for housing costs was also assessed.; N. Issues, Problems, and Social Services. Questions in this section covered the respondent's state of mind, feelings about his or her child (or children), constructive activities the child (or children) might have been involved with, the availability of social services in their community, problems the child (or children) might have had in the preceding year and efforts to obtain help for those problems, and the respondent's involvement in volunteer and religious activities.; O. Race, Ethnicity, and Nativity. Race and ethnicity were asked for the respondent, the spouse/partner, and the focal children. For household members who were born outside the United States, country of origin and citizenship questions were asked.; P. Closing. At the end of the survey, respondent's were asked their opinions about welfare and working and about raising children.The respondent's ZIP code and address were requested and tracing information was asked of households with families receiving welfare at any time since January 1997, for possible use in a follow-up survey.; The 1999 NSAF data are available in nine parts and are organized into hierarchical, flat household-, family-, person-, adult-, and child-level files. A description of each is provided below: Focal Child Data. This dataset contains data elements from the extended interview that are specific to focal children (FC1 and FC2). Select data items that were asked only of MKAs are also included. Information in this dataset is primarily from sections N (Issues, Problems, and Social Services) and P (Closing) of the extended interview. The dataset contains one record for each focal child.; Adult Pair Data. Included in this dataset is information collected from the extended interview about both the respondent and the respondent's spouse/partner. There is one observation per respondent and one per spouse (where applicable). Information in this dataset is primarily from sections I (Employment and Earnings) and L (Education and Training) of the extended interview.; Random Adult Data. Information in this person-level dataset is specific to a randomly selected adult, either the respondent or the spouse/partner. This situation occurs only in sections E (Health Insurance Coverage) and F (Health Care Access and Utilization) of the extended interview.; Childless Adult Data. This dataset contains data elements from the extended interview that are asked only of the respondent in Option B interviews. Variables in this dataset come mainly from section N (Issue, Problems, and Social Services) and P (Closing). There is one record per Option B interview in the dataset.; Family-Respondent Data. Information in this dataset centers around information about the family's use of health care and social services. This family-level dataset contains one observation per respondent. Because there could be more than one respondent per family, family-respondent level variables may have different values within a single family.; Household Data. This household-level dataset contains general information about the household such as the demographic characteristics of its members. Also contained in this dataset is administrative and process data such as housing subsidies, public housing, the number of bedrooms in the house, if the home was owned or rented, and information pertaining to screeners and the completion of interviews.; Person Data. This dataset contains one observation for each person living in the household. Included in this dataset is demographic information as well as information on current health insurance status and income.; Social Family Data. Included in this dataset are items asked about the social family and variables aggregated at the social family level. The social family includes not only married partners and their children, but also unmarried partners, all of their children, and members of the extended family (anyone related by blood to the MKA, the spouse/partner, or their children). Among the survey items included are those variables indicating whether anyone in the social family had a particular type of income and health insurance. Also included are variables summarizing information across all members of a social family, such as the number of family members. There is one record for each social family.; CPS Family Data. Since the social family definition was used in fielding the NSAF, this dataset includes only variables created using the Current Population Survey (CPS) definition of family. A CPS family includes the householder, spouse of family householder,children in the family, and other relatives of the family household respondent. There is one record for each CPS family in this dataset.;
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Screener interviews: 76.7 percent. Overall child interviews: 62.4 percent. Overall adult interviews: 59.4 percent.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Focal Child Data
    • DS2: Adult Pair Data
    • DS3: Random Adult Data
    • DS4: Childless Adult Data
    • DS5: Family-Respondent Data
    • DS6: Household Data
    • DS7: Person Data
    • DS8: Social Family Data
    • DS9: CPS Family Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1999-02--1999-10
  • 1999-02 / 1999-10
  • Collection date: 1999-02--1999-10
  • 1999-02 / 1999-10
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian, noninstitutionalized persons under age 65 living in the United States.
Sampling
The NSAF drew households from two separate sampling frames: (1) a list-assisted, random-digit dialing (RDD) sample of telephone numbers supplemented by (2) an area probability sample of nontelephone households. Both the random-digit dialing and the area probability samples for the 1999 NSAF were drawn, in part, from the 1997 NSAF sampling frame with an additional sample of newly selected telephone numbers. Overall, 147,623 households were screened, with detailed extended telephone interviews being conducted in 40,874 households. The nontelephone sample yielded 1,676 extended interviews in 1,486 households for a total of 42,360 interviewed households.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview
  • face-to-face interview
Availability
Download
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (ICPSR-help@umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3927 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03927.v1
Publications
  • Boyd-Swan, Casey H.. Nonparental child care during nonstandard hours: Does participation influence child well-being?. Labour Economics.2019.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.labeco.2019.01.006 (DOI)
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    • ID: http://ijier.net/index.php/ijier/article/view/978/727 (URL)
  • Garcia, John A.. The race project: Researching race in the social sciences researchers, measures, and scope of studies. Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics.2, (2), 300-346.2017.
    • ID: 10.1017/rep.2017.15 (DOI)
  • Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M., Dunifon, Rachel E.. Complex living arrangements and child health: Examining family structure linkages with children's health outcomes. Family Relations.63, (3), 424-437.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/fare.12071 (DOI)
  • Wen, Ming. Parental participation in religious services and parent and child well-being: Findings from the National Survey of America's Families. Journal of Religion and Health.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10943-013-9742-x (DOI)
  • Conway, Karen Smith, Li, Minghua. Family structure and child outcomes: A high definition, wide angle 'snapshot'. Review of Economics of the Household.10, (3), 345-374.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11150-011-9121-x (DOI)
  • Melzer, Brian T.. The real costs of credit access: Evidence from the payday lending market. Quarterly Journal of Economics.126, (1), 517-555.2011.
    • ID: 10.1093/qje/qjq009 (DOI)
  • Brodkin, Evelyn Z., Majmundar, Malay. Administrative exclusion: Organizations and the hidden costs of welfare claiming. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory.20, (4), 827-848.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/jopart/mup046 (DOI)
  • Li, Minghua, Baughman, Reagan. Coverage, utilization, and health outcomes of the State Children's Health Insurance Program. Inquiry (Rochester): The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision and Financing.47, (4), 296-314.2010.
    • ID: 10.5034/inquiryjrnl_47.04.296 (DOI)
  • Parish, Susan L., Rose, Roderick A., Andrews, Megan E.. TANF's impact on low-income mothers raising children with disabilities. Exceptional Children.76, (2), 234-253.2010.
  • Cheng, Tyrone C.. Racial inequality in receiving transitional support services and being sanctioned among TANF recipients: A group threat hypothesis. Journal of Social Service Research.35, (2), 115-123.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/01488370802678835 (DOI)
  • Cox, Julio Guzman. Child Care Subsidies and the Employment of Single Mothers. Dissertation, University of Chicago. 2009.
  • Dubay, Lisa, Kenney, Genevieve. The impact of CHIP on children's insurance coverage: an analysis using the National Survey of America's Families. Health Services Research.44, (6), 2040-2059.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2009.01040.x (DOI)
  • Nelson, Kyle Anne. Residential Segregation: Hurting or Helping U.S. Hispanic Health?. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 2009.
  • Park, Hwa-Ok Hannah. Factors associated with the psychological health of grandparents as primary caregivers: An analysis of gender differences. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships.7, (2-3), 191-208.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/15350770902852393 (DOI)
  • Romero, Mariajose. Guide to Datasets for Research and Policymaking in Child Care and Early Education. Child Care & Early Education Research Connections, User guide. 2009.
  • Terzian, Mary, Moore, Kristin Anderson, Hamilton, Kathleen. Effective and Promising Summer Learning Programs and Approaches for Economically-Disadvantaged Children and Youth: A White Paper for the Wallace Foundation. A White Paper Commissioned by The Wallace Foundation .Washington, DC: Alliance for International Youth Development. 2009.
    • ID: http://theyouthalliance.org/sites/default/files/Effective-and-Promising-Summer-Learning-Programs.pdf (URL)
  • Barry, C.L., Busch, S.H.. Caring for children with mental disorders: Do state parity laws increase access to treatment?. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics.11, (2), 57-66.2008.
  • Berger, Lawrence M., Heintze, Theresa, Naidich, Wendy B., Meyers, Marcia K.. Subsidized housing and household hardship among low-income single-mother households. Journal of Marriage and Family.70, (4), 934-949.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2008.00537.x (DOI)
  • Leininger, Lindsey Jeanne, Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.. Reexamining the effects of family structure on children's access to care: the single-father family. Health Services Research.43, (1), 117-133.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2007.00758.x (DOI)
  • Mimura, Yoko. Housing cost burden, poverty status, and economic hardship among low-income families with children. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.29, (1), 152-165.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10834-007-9085-4 (DOI)
  • Schmidt, Stephanie R., Wang, Kevin H., Sonenstein, Freya L.. Designing a household survey to address seasonality in child care arrangements. Evaluation Review.32, (2), 216-233.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0193841X07311993 (DOI)
  • Teachman, Jay D.. The living arrangements of children and their educational well-being. Journal of Family Issues.29, (6), 734-761.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X07309742 (DOI)
  • Wen, Ming. Family structure and children's health and behavior: Data from the 1999 National Survey of America's Families. Journal of Family Issues.29, (11), 1492-1519.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X08320188 (DOI)
  • Blau, David, Tekin, Erdal. The determinants and consequences of child care subsidies for single mothers in the USA. Journal of Population Economics.20, (4), 719-741.2007.
    • ID: 10.1007/s00148-005-0022-2 (DOI)
  • Cantor, Joel. C., Monheit, Alan C., Brownlee, Susan, Schneider, Carl. The adequacy of household survey data for evaluating the nongroup health insurance market. Health Services Research.42, (4), 1739-1757.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2006.00662.x (DOI)
  • Clemans-Cope, Lisa, Kenney, Genevieve. Low income parents' reports of communication problems with health care providers: effects of language and insurance. Public Health Reports.122, (2), 206-216.2007.
  • Garrett, A. Bowen, Chernew, Michael. Health Insurance and Labor Markets: Concepts, Open Questions, and Data Needs. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. 2007.
    • ID: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1007031 (URL)
  • Jooste, Jane Louise. Antecedents of the Psychological Adjustment of Children and Grandparent Caregivers in Grandparent-headed Families. Dissertation, University of North Texas. 2007.
  • Majmundar, Malay Kiran. Bureaucratic Proceduralism in the Cash Welfare and Food Stamp Programs. Dissertation, University of Chicago. 2007.
  • Moore, Kristin Anderson, Vandivere, Sharon, Lippman, Laura, McPhee, Cameron, Bloch, Margot. An index of the condition of children: The ideal and less-than-ideal U.S. example. Social Indicators Research.84, (3), 291-331.2007.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11205-007-9120-8 (DOI)
  • Newman, Jennifer L.. Social capital and adolescent well-being in a national sample. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.16, (3), 57-72.2007.
    • ID: 10.1300/10911350802107736 (DOI)
  • Tekin, Erdal. Single mothers working at night: Standard work and child care subsidies. Economic Inquiry.45, (2), 233-250.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2006.00039.x (DOI)
  • Wen, Ming. Racial and ethnic differences in general health status and limiting health conditions among American children: parental reports in the 1999 National Survey of America's Families. Ethnicity and Health.12, (5), 401-422.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/13557850701300657 (DOI)
  • Capps, Randy, Fortuny, Karina. Immigration and Child and Family Policy. The Urban Institute and Child Trends Roundtable on Children in Low-income Families.Washington, DC. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311362_lowincome_children3.pdf (URL)
  • Heintze, Theresa C., Berger, Lawrence M., Naidich, Wendy B., Meyers, Marcia K.. Housing assistance and employment: How far-reaching are the effects of rental subsidies. Social Service Review.80, (4), 635 -2006.
    • ID: 10.1086/508381 (DOI)
  • Huang, Zhihuan Jennifer, Yu, Stella M., Ledsky, Rebecca. Health status and health service access and use among children in U.S. immigrant families. American Journal of Public Health.96, (4), 634-640.2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.049791 (DOI)
  • Lawrence, Sharmila, Kreader, J. Lee. School-age Child Care Arrangements. Research-to-Policy Connections.No. 4, New York: Child Care & Early Education Research Connections. 2006.
    • ID: www.nccp.org/media/rcp06a_text.pdf (URL)
  • Li, Minghua. Family Structure, the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) and Child Outcomes. Dissertation, University of New Hampshire. 2006.
  • Long, Sharon K., King, Jennifer, Coughlin, Teresa A.. The Health Care Experiences of Rural Medicaid Beneficiaries. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.17, (3), 575 -2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/hpu.2006.0111 (DOI)
  • Main, Regan, Macomber, Jennifer Ehrle, Geen, Rob. Trends in Service Receipt: Children in Kinship Care Gaining Ground. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families.Series B, No. B-68, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311310_B-68.pdf (URL)
  • Manning, Wendy D., Brown, Susan. Children's economic well-being in married and cohabiting parent families. Journal of Marriage and Family.68, (2), 345-362.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00257.x (DOI)
  • Moore, Kristin Anderson, Vandivere, Sharon, Redd, Zakia. A Sociodemographic Risk Index. Social Indicators Research.75, (1), 45-81.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11205-004-6398-7 (DOI)
  • Parish, Susan L., Cloud, Jennifer M.. Child care for low-income school-age children: Disability and family structure effects in a national sample. Children and Youth Services Review.28, (8), 927-940.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2005.10.001 (DOI)
  • Park, Hwa-Ok Hannah. The economic well-being of households headed by a grandmother as caregiver. Social Service Review.80, (2), 264 -2006.
    • ID: 10.1086/503122 (DOI)
  • Shen, Yu-Chu, Long, Sharon K.. What's driving the downward trend in employer-sponsored health insurance. Health Services Research.41, (6), 2074 -2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2006.00590.x (DOI)
  • Ward, Helen D., Atkins, Julie A., Herrick, Angela, Morris, Lisa M., Morris, Patricia, Oldham, Erin. Child Care and Children with Special Needs: Challenges for Low Income Families: Final Report. Institute for Child and Family Policy.Portland, ME: Edmund S. Muskie School of Public Service. 2006.
    • ID: http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/specialneeds/PDFs/B&Wfinalwithcover.pdf (URL)
  • Capizzano, Jeffrey, Main, Regan. Many Young Children Spend Long Hours in Child Care. Snapshot of America's Families III.No. 22, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311154_snapshots3_no22.pdf (URL)
  • Fairbrother, Gerry, Kenney, Genevieve, Hanson, Karla, Dubay, Lisa. How do stressful family environments relate to reported access and use of health care by low-income children. Medical Care Research and Review.62, (2), 205-230.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077558704273805 (DOI)
  • Garrett, Bowen, Zuckerman, Stephen. National estimates of the effects of mandatory medicaid managed care programs on health care access and use, 1997-1999. Medical Care.43, (7), 649 -2005.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.mlr.0000167105.75204.71 (DOI)
  • Hansford, Candace Rhines. A Structural Equation Model of Maternal Post-TANF Employment: An Analysis of Economic Deprivation and Hardship, Maternal Well-Being, and Parental Strain. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 2005.
  • Lee, Kyoung Hag. The Determinants of State Work Attachment Strategy Choices and the Effects of Work Attachment Strategies on Welfare Recipients, Former Recipients, and Poverty. Dissertation, West Virginia University. 2005.
  • Long, Sharon K., Coughlin, Teresa, King, Jennifer. How well does Medicaid work in improving access to care?. Health Services Research.40, (1), 39 -2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2005.00341.x (DOI)
  • Mills, Terry L., Gomez-Smith, Zenta, De Leon, Jessica M.. Skipped generation families: Sources of psychological distress among grandmothers of grandchildren who live in homes where neither parent is present. Marriage and Family Review.37, (1-2), 191-212.2005.
    • ID: 10.1300/J002v37n01_12 (DOI)
  • Park, Sunwook. The Effects of Child Care Expenses and Financial and Social Support on the Economic Well-Being of Single Mother Families. Dissertation, Michigan State University. 2005.
  • Shen, Yu-Chu, Zuckerman, Stephen. The effect of Medicaid payment generosity on access and use among beneficiaries. Health Services Research.40, (3), 723 -2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2005.00382.x (DOI)
  • Willetts, Marion C., Maroules, Nick G.. Parental reports of adolescent well-being: Does marital status matter?. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage.43, (1-2), 129-148.2005.
    • ID: 10.1300/J087v43n01_07 (DOI)
  • Yu, Stella M., Huang, Zhihuan J., Schwalberg, Renee H., Kogan, Michael D.. Parental awareness of health and community resources among immigrant families. Maternal and Child Health Journal.9, (1), 27-34.2005.
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  • Acs, Gregory, Nelson, Sandi. Changes in living arrangements during the late 1990s: Do welfare policies matter?. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.23, (2), 273-290.2004.
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  • Brown, Susan L.. Family structure and child well-being: The significance of parental cohabitation. Journal of Marriage and Family.66, (2), 351-367.2004.
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  • Busch, Susan H., Horwitz, Sarah McCue. Access to mental health services: Are uninsured children falling behind. Mental Health Services Research.6, (2), 109-116.2004.
    • ID: 10.1023/B:MHSR.0000024354.68062.e8 (DOI)
  • Capps, Randy, Fix, Michael, Ost, Jason, Reardon-Anderson, Jane, Passel, Jeffrey S.. The Health and Wellbeing of Young Children of Immigrants. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2004.
  • Nagamine, Mika. The Influence of Welfare Reform on the Health Insurance Status and Mammography Utilization of Low-Income Women. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2004.
  • Park, Hwa-Ok. Grandmothers as Primary Caregivers: Poverty, Care Demands, Social Participation, and Psychological Distress. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin. 2004.
  • Robbins, Suzanne M., Barcus, Holly R.. Welfare reform and economic and housing capacity for low-income households, 1997-1999. Policy Studies Journal.32, (3), 439 -2004.
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  • Tekin, Erdal. Single Mothers Working at Night: Standard Work, Child Care Subsidies, and Implications for Welfare Reform. NBER Working Paper Series.10274, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org.papers/w10274.pdf (URL)
  • Wherry, Laura, Finegold, Kenneth. Changes in health insurance coverage and health status by race and ethnicity, 1997-2002. Journal of the National Medical Association.96, (12), 1577-1582.2004.
  • Zuckerman, Stephen, Shen, Yu-Chu. Characteristics of occasional and frequent emergency department users: Do insurance coverage and access to care matter?. Medical Care.42, (2), 176-182.2004.
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  • Davidoff, Amy, Dubay, Lisa, Kenney, Genevieve, Yemane, Alshadye. The effect of parents' insurance coverage on access to care for low-income children. Inquiry (Rochester): The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision and Financing.40, (3), 254-268.2003.
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  • Dubay, Lisa, Kenney, Genevieve. Expanding public health insurance to parents: Effects on children's coverage under medicaid. Health Services Research.38, (5), 1283-1302.2003.
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  • Ehrle, Jennifer, Geen, Rob, Main, Regan. Kinship Foster Care: Custody, Hardships, and Services. Snapshots of America's Families III.No. 14, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2003.
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  • Giannarelli, Linda, Adelman, Sarah, Schmidt, Stefanie. Getting Help with Child Care Expenses. Assessing a New Federalism.Occasional Paper 62, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.aecf.org/upload/publicationfiles/ec3622h720.pdf (URL)
  • Haley, Jennifer, Kenney, Genevieve. Coverage gaps for Medicaid-eligible children in the wake of federal welfare reform. Inquiry (Rochester): The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision and Financing.40, (2), 158-168.2003.
    • ID: 10.5034/inquiryjrnl_40.2.158 (DOI)
  • London, Rebecca A.. Which TANF applicants are diverted, and what are their outcomes?. Social Service Review.77, (3), 373-398.2003.
    • ID: 10.1086/375792 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Shirley L.. Child and family well-being in states with different political cultures. Families in Society.84, (2), 275-284.2003.
  • Billing, Amy, Ehrle, Jennifer, Kortenkamp, Katherine. Children Cared for by Relatives: What Do We Know about Their Well-Being?. New Federalism: National Survey of America’s Families.Series B, No. B-46, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2002.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310486.pdf (URL)
  • Sonenstein, Freya L., Gates, Gary J., Schmidt, Stephanie, Bolshun, Natalya. Primary Child Care Arrangements of Employed Parents: Findings from the 1999 National Survey of America’s Families. Occasional Paper No. 59.Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2002.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310487_OP59.pdf (URL)
  • Black, Tamara, Finegold, Kenneth, Garrett, A. Bowen, Safir, Adam, Scheuren, Fritz, Wang, Kevin, Wissoker, Douglas, Brick, J. Michael, Cantor, David, Ferraro, David, Ingram, Deborah, Montaquila, Jill, O'Hare, John, Strickler, Teresa. 1999 NSAF Collection of Papers, Report No. 7. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_7.pdf (URL)
  • Capps, Randy. Hardship among children of immigrants: Findings from the 1999 National Survey of America’s Families. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families.Series B, No. B-2, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/anf_b29.pdf (URL)
  • Converse, Nate, Safir, Adam, Scheuren, Fritz, Steinbach, Rebecca, Wang, Kevin. 1999 NSAF Public Use File User's Guide, Report No. 11. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_11.pdf (URL)
  • Haley, Jennifer M., Kenney, Genevieve M.. Why Aren't More Uninsured Children Enrolled in Medicaid or SCHIP?. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families.Series B, No. B-35, Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310217_ANF_B35.pdf (URL)
  • Judkins, D., Brick, J. Michael, Broene, Pam, Ferraro, David, Strickler, Teresa. 1999 NSAF Sample Design, Report No. 2. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_2.pdf (URL)
  • Loprest, Pamela. How are families who left welfare doing over time? A comparison of two cohorts of welfare leavers. Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Economic Policy Review.7, (2), 92001.
  • Black, Tamara, Coder, John, Converse, Nathan, Cox, Veronica, Lhila, Aparna, Scheuren, Fritz, Dipko, Sarah, Skinner, Michael, Vaden-Kiernan, Nancy. 1999 NSAF Data Editing and Imputation, Report No. 10. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_10.pdf (URL)
  • Brick, J. Michael, Broene, Pam, Cantor, David, Ferraro, David, Hankins, Tom, Rauch, Carin, Strickler, Teresa. 1999 NSAF Response Rates and Methods Evaluation, Report No. 8. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_8.pdf (URL)
  • Brick, J. Michael, Broene, Pam, Ferraro, David, Hankins, Tom, Rauch, Carin, Strickler, Teresa. 1999 Variance Estimation, Report No. 4. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_4.pdf (URL)
  • Brick, J. Michael, Broene, Pam, Ferraro, David, Hankins, Tom, Strickler, Teresa. 1999 NSAF Sample Estimation Survey Weights, Report No. 3. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_3.pdf (URL)
  • Cunningham, Pat, Brick, J. Michael, Meader, Judith. 1999 NSAF In-Person Survey Methods, Report No. 5. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_5.pdf (URL)
  • Hudman, Julie Anne. Predictors of Health Insurance Coverage After a Welfare Exit. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2000.
  • Vaden-Kiernan, Nancy, Cunningham, Pat, Warren, Patricia. 1999 NSAF Telephone Survey Methods, Report No. 9. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_9.pdf (URL)
  • Wang, Kevin, Cantor, David, Vaden-Kiernan, Nancy. 1999 NSAF Questionnaire, Report No. 1. NSAF Methodology Reports.Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Assessing the New Federalism. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1999_Methodology_1.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2019-09-04 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Urban Institute; Child Trends (2007): National Survey of America's Families (NSAF), 1999. Archival Version. National Survey of America's Families (NSAF) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03927