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Workplace Ethnography (WE) Project, 1944-2002

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Hodson, Randy (Ohio State University)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
corporate behavior; human behavior; labor force; management; organizational behavior; organizational culture; organizational structure; sexual harassment; work attitudes; work environment; workers; workplaces
  • Abstract

    This Workplace Ethnography project generated content-coded data from the full population of book-length English language organizational ethnographies. Drawn from Australia, Canada, China, Colombia, France, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Israel, Japan, Norway, the Philippines, Scotland, South Africa, Sweden, Taiwan, United States, and Zambia, these ethnographies provided deep descriptions on a wide range of topics, such as worker behavior, management behavior, coworker relations, labor process, conflict and resistance, citizenship behavior, emotional labor, and sexual harassment. Coding of these characteristics yielded variables based on descriptions of worklife in specific organizational settings. The study data was collected in mainly two periods: the early 1990s and the early 2000s. The study generated 204 ethnographic cases. These cases were derived from 156 separate books since the observations reported in some books allowed the coding of multiple cases. The general scope of questions included organizational factors such as occupation, workplace organization, pay scheme, employment size, the situation of the company, the nature of company ownership, staff turnover, layoff frequency, how well the organization operated in terms of communications, recruitment and retention of personnel, and maintenance of equipment, as well as substantive facts concerning labor market opportunity, and labor force composition. On the topic of management, questions addressed leadership, organization of production, sexual harassment, and control strategies. Community factors were assessed through questions regarding unemployment and if the area was rural or urban. A series of questions addressed job satisfaction, pay, benefit package, job security, effort bargain, conflict with management/supervisors, training, worker strategies, conditions of consent/compliance, and nature of consent/compliance. The nature of work was queried through questions regarding autonomy, creativity, meaningful work, freedom of movement, comfort of work, injuries, employment status, and frequency of conflict with customers. Additional questions included size and nature of the focal group, group dynamics, conflict between the focal group and management, basis of alternative social groups at work, and if work friendships carried over to the outside. Questions about methodology covered ethnographer's theoretical orientation, focus of ethnography, ethnographer's gender, data collection method, supplemental data used, main type of supplemental data used, and position of key informant. Additional items gathered basic information about book title, author's last name, modal occupation, industry, country/region, and observer's role.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1944 / 2002
    Time period: 1944--2002
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • China (Peoples Republic)
  • Colombia
  • France
  • Global
  • Great Britain
  • Hungary
  • India
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Norway
  • Philippines
  • Scotland
  • South Africa
  • Sweden
  • Taiwan
  • United States
  • Zambia
Sampled Universe
Book-length English-language workplace ethnographies.
The target observations were identified according to three elements: (1) the use of direct ethnographic methods of observation over a period of at least six months, (2) a focus on a single organization or a small set of organizations, and (3) a focus on at least one clearly identified group of workers: an assembly line, a typing pool, a task group, or some other identifiable work group.
Collection Mode
  • For additional information, including related publications visit the Workplace Ethnography Web site at

2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (0112434).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3979 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03979.v1
  • Crowley, M., Payne, J.C., Kennedy, E.. Working better together? Empowerment, panopticon and conflict approaches to teamwork. Economic and Industrial Democracy.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0143831x13488003 (DOI)
  • Crowley, Martha. Class, control, and relational indignity: Labor process foundations for workplace humiliation, conflict, and shame. American Behavioral Scientist.58, (3), 416-434.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002764213503335 (DOI)
  • Crowley, Martha. Gender, the labor process and dignity at work. Social Forces.01, (4), 1209-1238.2013.
    • ID: 10.1093/sf/sot042 (DOI)
  • Korczynski, M., Evans, C.. Customer abuse to service workers: An analysis of its social creation within the service economy. Work, Employment and Society.27, (5), 768-784.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0950017012468501 (DOI)
  • Crowley, Martha. Control and dignity in professional, manual and service-sector employment. Organization Studies.33, 1383-1406.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0170840612453529 (DOI)
  • Lopez, Steven H., Hodson, Randy, Roscigno, Vincent J.. Power, status, and abuse at work: General and sexual harassment compared. Sociological Quarterly.50, (1), 3-27.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.2008.01131.x (DOI)
  • Roscigno, V.J., Hodson, R., Lopez, S.H.. Workplace incivilities: The role of interest conflicts, social closure and organizational chaos. Work, Employment and Society.23, 747-773.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0950017009344875 (DOI)
  • Roscigno, Vincent J., Lopez, Steven H., Hodson, Randy. Supervisory bullying, status inequalities and organizational context. Social Forces.87, (3), 1561-1589.2009.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.0.0178 (DOI)
  • Chamberlain, L.J., Crowley, M., Tope, D., Hodson, R.. Sexual harassment in organizational context. Work and Occupations.35, (3), 262-295.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888408322008 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. The ethnographic contribution to understanding co-worker relations. British Journal of Industrial Relations.46, (1), 169-192.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-8543.2007.00670.x (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. The consequences of management competence for working with dignity: A cross-methods validation. Dimensions of Dignity at Work.Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann. 2007.
  • Hodson, Randy, Roscigno, Vincent J., Lopez, Steven H.. Chaos and the abuse of power: Workplace bullying in organizational and interactional context. Work and Occupations.33, (4), 382-416.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888406292885 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Management behaviour as social capital: A systematic analysis of organizational ethnographies. British Journal of Industrial Relations.43, (1), 41-65.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-8543.2005.00344.x (DOI)
  • Dixon, Marc, Roscigno, Vincent J., Hodson, Randy. Unions, Solidarity, and Worker Protest. Social Forces.83, (1), 3-33.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2004.0107 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. A Meta-Analysis of Workplace Ethnographies: Race, Gender, and Employee Attitudes and Behavior. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography.33, (1), 4-38.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0891241603259808 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Management Trustworthiness in the Contemporary Economy. Organization Science.2004.
    • ID: 10.1287/orsc.1040.0077 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Work Life and Social Fulfillment: Does Social Affiliation at Work Reflect a Carrot or a Stick?. Social Science Quarterly.85, (2), 221-239.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2004.08502001.x (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy, Roscigno, Vincent. Organizational Success and Worker Dignity: Complimentary or Contradictory?. American Journal of Sociology.110, (3), 672-708.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/422626 (DOI)
  • Roscigno, Vincent J., Hodson, Randy. The organizational and social foundations of worker resistance. American Sociological Review.69, (1), 14-39.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900103 (DOI)
  • Chamberlain, Lindsey Joyce. The Experience and Consequences of Marginality in the Workplace. Thesis, Ohio State University. 2002.
  • Hodson, Randy. Management Citizenship Behavior and Its Consequences . Work and Occupations.29, (1), 64-96.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888402029001004 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Demography or respect?: Work group demography versus organizational dynamics as determinants of meaning and satisfaction at work. British Journal of Sociology.53, (2), 291-317.2002.
    • ID: 10.1080/00071310220133359 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Worker Participation and Teams: New Evidence From Analyzing Organizational Ethnographies. Economic and Industrial Democracy.23, (4), 491-528.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/0143831X02234003 (DOI)
  • Hickman, Matthew J., Lawton, Brian A., Piquero, Alex R., Greene, Jack R.. Does Race Influence Police Disciplinary Processes?. Justice Research and Policy.3, (1), 97-113.2001.
    • ID: 10.3818/JRP.3.1.2001.97 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Dignity at Work. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
  • Hodson, Randy. Disorganized, Unilateral, and Participative Organizations: New Insights from the Ethnographic Literature. Industrial Relations.40, (2), 204-230.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0019-8676.00206 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Analyzing Documentary Accounts. Sage University Papers. Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1999.
  • Hodson, Randy. Management Citizenship Behavior: A New Concept and an Empirical Test. Social Problems.46, (3), 460-478.1999.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1999.46.3.03x0255u (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Organizational Anomie and Worker Consent. Work and Occupations.26, (3), 292-323.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888499026003002 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Organizational ethnographies: An underutilized resource in the sociology of work. Social Forces.76, (4), 1173-1208.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hodson, Randy. Group relations at work: Solidarity, conflict, and relations with management. Work and Occupations.24, (4), 426-452.1997.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888497024004003 (DOI)
  • Hodson, Randy. Individual Voice on the Shop Floor: The Role of Unions. Social Forces.75, (4), 1183-1212.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hodson, Randy. Dignity in the workplace under participative management: Alienation and freedom revisited. American Sociological Review.61, (5), 719-738.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hodson, Randy. Cohesion or Conflict? Race, Solidarity, and Resistance in the Workplace. Research in the Sociology of Work, Volume 5: The Meaning of Work.Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. 1995.
  • Hodson, Randy. Do Racially Mixed Work Forces Undermine Worker Solidarity and Resistance?. Proceedings of the Forty-Sixth Annual Meeting: January 3-5, 1994, Boston.Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association. 1994.
  • Welsh, Sandy. Cultures of Harassment: The Organizational Context of Sexual Harassment and the Creation of Resistance. Dissertation, Indiana University. 1994.
  • Hodson, Randy, Welsh, Sandy, Rieble, Sabine, Jamison, Sorenson, Cheryl, Creighton, Sean. Is worker solidarity undermined by autonomy and participation? Patterns from the ethnographic literature. American Sociological Review.58, (3), 398-416.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jones, Andrew. The Effects of Academic and Technical Education on Worker Compliance and Resistance. Thesis, Indiana University. 1993.
  • Bell, Roberta. Autonomy and Gender: An Analysis of the Ethnographic Data. Thesis, Indiana University. 1992.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Hodson, Randy (2004): Workplace Ethnography (WE) Project, 1944-2002. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.