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Eurobarometer 60.1: Citizenship and Sense of Belonging, Fraud, and the European Parliament, October-November 2003

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Papacostas, Antonis (European Commission)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
attitudes; citizenship; economic growth; economic integration; European Parliament; European unification; European Union; fraud; life satisfaction; political influence; public opinion; quality of life; social attitudes; social change; social values
  • Abstract

    This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present life, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, and what the European Union's priorities should be. Additional questions focused on the respondents' knowledge of and opinions about the European Union (EU), including sources of information about the EU and whether their country had benefited from being an EU member. Respondents were asked questions concerning citizenship and their overall feeling of belonging, such as what was most important to them: family, friendship, work, the arts/culture, politics, health, or money. Respondents were asked how important the following values were to them: rule of law, respect for human life, human rights, individual freedom, democracy, tolerance, peace, or solidarity. Respondents were asked if they agreed that the State intervened too much in their lives, criminals needed help and understanding, immigrants were a threat to their way of life, economic growth must be a priority even if it affects the environment, and that free competition was the best guarantee for economic prosperity. Respondents were also asked if they'd be willing to learn one or more foreign language and what would be the motivation for doing so (i.e., to use on holidays abroad, to get a better job, to be able to understand people from other cultures, or for personal satisfaction), if they'd be interested or involved in the sports, arts and culture, music, and lifestyles of other countries in the EU and in countries outside of the EU, toward which country they felt the greatest affinity, whether the United States and the EU played a positive or negative role regarding peace in the world, fighting terrorism, growth of the world's economy, the fight against poverty in the world, and the protection of the environment. Additional questions focused on fraud and whether respondents had read or seen anything about fraud, tax evasion, money laundering, or counterfeiting of goods in their country, in other countries of the EU, in the countries which are candidates to join the EU, or elsewhere in the world. Respondents were asked what type of fraud worried them the most (e.g., hacking, pirating software, illegal data trading, counterfeiting of goods, commercial fraud like cheating on prices, weights, and goods, customs fraud, VAT fraud, or misappropriation of aids and grants), how well the media informed those in the EU about various types of fraud in the other countries of the EU as well as in their respective country, and whether using the police force, customs services, taxation authority, courts, private auditing firms, or the media was the most effective way to fight the EU and its budget from being defrauded. Respondents were also asked questions regarding the European Parliament, specifically how many European Parliament elections they voted in and if they were going to vote in the next one, how much impact the European Parliament had on their everyday lives, and whether the European Parliament election campaign should mainly focus on agriculture, environment, employment, immigration, education, foreign policy, enlargement of the EU, or the rights of the EU citizen. Those queried were also asked if they were interested in knowing more about the European Parliament whether via the television, radio, Internet, or newspapers. Background information includes gender, age, marital status, level of education, current occupation, household income, who contributed most to the household income, whether the respondent resided in a rural area or village, a small town, or a large town, and how much toward the left or right did the respondent consider their political views.
  • Methods

    Please review the "Weighting Information" section of the ICPSR codebook for this Eurobarometer study.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2003-10-01 / 2003-11-07
    Time period: 2003-10-01--2003-11-07
  • 2003-10-01 / 2003-11-07
    Collection date: 2003-10-01--2003-11-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
Sampled Universe
Citizens of the EU aged 15 and over residing in the 15 EU member countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Smallest Geographic Unit: country
Multistage national probability samples.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The original data collection was carried out by the European Opinion Research Group-EEIG on request of the European Commission.

    The codebook and setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many European languages.

    The documentation and/or setup files may contain references to Norway, but Norway was not a participant in this wave of Eurobarometer surveys. This collection contains no data for Norway.

    A split ballot was used for one or more questions in this survey. The variable V684 defines the separate groups.

    Twenty-seven non-unique original respondent ID numbers (V685 = Country + Respondent_ID) have been identified; nine of these have duplicates which are completely or almost completely identical for the complete respondent record. For further information please see the "Processing Notes" section of the ICPSR codebook.

2010-06-15 The data have been further processed by GESIS, and the SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, Stata system file, and codebook have been updated. Also, the SPSS portable file has been replaced with an SPSS system file, the SAS transport (XPORT) file has been replaced with a SAS transport (CPORT) file, and a tab-delimited ASCII data file and data collection instrument have been added.2005-09-22 Previously embargoed data are now available.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3991 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03991.v1
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  • Gang, Ira N., Rivera-Batiz, Francisco L., Yun, Myeng-Su. Economic strain, education and attitudes towards foreigners in the European Union. Review of International Economics.21, (2), 177-190.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/roie.12029 (DOI)
  • Roose, Jochen. How European is European identification? Comparing continental identification in Europe and beyond. Journal of Common Market Studies.51, (2), 281-297.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/jcms.12005 (DOI)
  • Balestrini, Pierre P.. Are EU policies to blame for the significant decline in public support for the EU in Italy?. Comparative European Politics.10, (4), 449-475.2012.
    • ID: 10.1057/cep.2011.20 (DOI)
  • Balestrini, Pierre P.. How citizens' education, occupation, personal economic expectations and national identity interact with one another to sway public opinion on the EU. Swiss Political Science Review.18, (3), 371-384.2012.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1662-6370.2012.02068.x (DOI)
  • Kavetsos, Georgios. National pride: War minus the shooting. Social Indicators Research.106, (1), 173-185.2012.
    • ID: 10.2307/41409381 (DOI)
  • Lubbers, Marcel, Scheepers, Peer. Divergent trends of euroscepticism in countries and regions of the European Union. European Journal of Political Research.49, (6), 787-817.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.2010.01915.x (DOI)
  • Hug, Simon, Schulz, Tobias. Using mass survey data to infer political positions. European Union Politics.6, (3), 339-352.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1465116505054836 (DOI)
  • European Opinion Research Group EEIG. Eurobarometer 60: Public Opinion in the European Union, Autumn 2003. Brussels: European Commission. 2004.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Manchin, Robert, Hideg, Gergely. EU survey: Are transatlantic ties loosening?. Gallup Poll Tuesday Briefing.3 -2004.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Papacostas, Antonis (2004): Eurobarometer 60.1: Citizenship and Sense of Belonging, Fraud, and the European Parliament, October-November 2003. Archival Version. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.