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Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 2003

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Johnston, Lloyd D. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Bachman, Jerald G. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Schulenberg, John E. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series
Publication Date
2004-10-29
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
alcohol consumption; attitudes; crime; drug education; drug use; family life; gender roles; high school students; lifestyles; religious attitudes; self esteem; social behavior; tobacco use; values; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    This is the 29th annual survey in this series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. Students are randomly assigned to complete one of six questionnaires, each with a different subset of topical questions, but all containing a set of "core" questions on demographics and drug use. There are about 1,400 variables across the questionnaires. Drugs covered by this survey include tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, hashish, LSD, hallucinogens, amphetamines (stimulants), Ritalin (methylphenidate), Quaaludes (methaqualone), barbiturates (tranquilizers), cocaine, crack cocaine, GHB (gamma hydroxy butyrate), and heroin. Other items include attitudes toward religion, changing roles for women, educational aspirations, self-esteem, exposure to drug education, and violence and crime (both in and out of school).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The overall student response rate for 2003 was 83 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Core Data
    • DS2: Form 1 Data
    • DS3: Form 2 Data
    • DS4: Form 3 Data
    • DS5: Form 4 Data
    • DS6: Form 5 Data
    • DS7: Form 6 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2003
  • Collection date: 2003
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
High school seniors in the contiguous United States.
Sampling
Multistage area probability sample design involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Of the 72 PSUs, 8 were selected with certainty, 10 were selected with a probability of .50, and the remainder were selected with probability proportionate to the size of the senior class. In schools with more than 350 seniors, a random sample of seniors or classes was drawn. In schools with less than 350 seniors, all seniors were asked to participate. Each school was asked to participate for two years so that each year one-half of the sample is replaced. Schools refusing participation were replaced with similar schools in terms of geographic location, size, and type of school (e.g., public, private/Catholic, private/non-Catholic). The total sample was divided into six subsamples consisting of an average of 2,300 respondents, and each subsample was administered a different form of the questionnaire, although all respondents answered the "core" drug and demographic questions. The participation rate among schools has been between 66 and 85 percent since the inception of the study.
Collection Mode
  • self-enumerated questionnaire

    To protect the privacy of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded in the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use files.

    Variables omitted from the Western region questionnaires are noted in each codebook.

    A user guide is provided with the study documentation. It contains a year-to-year cross-time question index for the MTF 12th-grade surveys that is sorted by subject area, item reference number, and questionnaire form.

    MTF does not release detailed geography codes in its public use files because of the disclosure risk it would cause. The MTF sample is drawn to generate representative samples of the four Census Bureau regions of the country (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West), but it does not generate representative samples of smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or cities. For additional information about data that is withheld from the public use files please contact MTF directly at mtfinformation@umich.edu.

Note
2006-05-15 Minor edits were made to the metadata and documentation.2006-03-30 File UG4019.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA-01411).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 4019 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR04019.v1
Publications
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Griffin-Tomas, Marybec, Kamboukos, Dimitra. Reasons for recent marijuana use in relation to use of other illicit drugs among high school seniors in the United States. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.2015.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952990.2015.1045977 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Trends and timing of cigarette smoking uptake among U.S. young adults: survival analysis using annual national cohorts from 1976-2005. Addiction.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/add.12926 (DOI)
  • Bachman, J.G., Staff, J., O'Malley, P.M., Freedman-Doan, P.. Adolescent work intensity, school performance, and substance use: Links vary by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Developmental Psychology.1-10.2013.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0031464 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2011. Surveillance Report #96.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System . 2013.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance96/Underage11.pdf (URL)
  • Clarke, P., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Lee, H., Colabianchi, N., Johnston, L.D.. College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth. Obesity.2013.
    • ID: 10.1002/oby.20176 (DOI)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Driving after drug or alcohol use by US high school seniors, 2001–2011. American Journal of Public Health.2013.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301246 (DOI)
  • Shults, R.A., Williams, A.F.. Trends in driver licensing status and driving among high school seniors in the United States, 1996-2010. Journal of Safety Research.167-170.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jsr.2013.04.003 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Middle and high school drug testing and student illicit drug use: A national study 1998-2011. Journal of Adolescent Health.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.11.020 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among US high school seniors from 1976 to 2011: Trends, reasons, and situations. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.031 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Kasser, Tim. Generational changes in materialism and work centrality, 1976-2007: Associations with temporal changes in societal insecurity and materialistic role modeling. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.39, (7), 883-897.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0146167213484586 (DOI)
  • Bell, Bethany A., Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J., Ferron, John M., Jiao, Qun, Hibbard, Susan T., Kromrey, Jeffrey D.. Use of design effects and sample weights in complex health survey data: A review of published articles using data from 3 commonly used adolescent health surveys. American Journal of Public Health.102, (7), 1399-1405.2012.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300398 (DOI)
  • Jager, J., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Historical variation in drug use trajectories across the transition to adulthood: The trend toward lower intercepts and steeper, ascending slopes. 25, (2), 527-543.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579412001228 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume II, College Students and Adults ages 19-50. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research . 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol2_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume I, Secondary School Students. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol1_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Illicit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2011. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 77.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ77.pdf (URL)
  • McCabe, Sean Esteban, Cranford, James A.. Motivational subtypes of nonmedical use of prescription medications: Results from a national study. Journal of Adolescent Health.51, (5), 445-452.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.02.004 (DOI)
  • McCabe, Sean Esteban, West, Brady T., Teter, Christian J., Boyd, Carol J.. Co-ingestion of prescription opioids and other drugs among high school seniors: Results from a national study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.126, (1-2), 65-70.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.04.017 (DOI)
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Comparing and Evaluating Youth Substance Use Estimates from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health and Other Surveys. Methodology Series M-9.SMA 12-4727, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2012.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/NSDUH-M9-Youth-2012.pdf (URL)
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., Emery, Sherry, Wakefield, Melanie A., O'Malley, Patrick M., Szczypka, Glen, Johnston, Lloyd D.. Effects of tobacco-related media campaigns on smoking among 20–30-year-old adults: Longitudinal data from the USA. Tobacco Control.2012.
    • ID: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050208 (DOI)
  • Twenge, J.M., Campbell, W.K., Freeman, E.C.. Generational differences in young adults' life goals, concern for others, and civic orientation, 1966-2009. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.102, (5), 1045-1062.2012.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0027408 (DOI)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D., Schulenberg, J.E., Wallace, J.M., Jr.. Racial/ethnic differences in the relationship between parental education and substance use among U.S. 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students: Findings from the Monitoring the Future project. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.72, (2), 279-285.2011.
  • Barua, Rashmi, Vidal-Fernandez, Marian. No Pass No Drive: Education and Allocation of Time. Working Paper Series.. 2011.
  • Caraballo, Ralph S., Asman, Katherine. Epidemiology of menthol cigarette use in the United States . Tobacco Induced Diseases.9, (S1), 2011.
    • ID: 10.1186/1617-9625-9-S1-S1 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Williams, Gerald D., Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2009. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2011.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance91/Underage09.pdf (URL)
  • DeWall, C. Nathan, Pond, Richard S., Jr.. Loneliness and smoking: The costs of the desire to reconnect. Self and Identity.10, (3), 375-385.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/15298868.2010.524404 (DOI)
  • Garland, Eric L., Howard, Matthew O., Vaughn, Michael G., Perron, Brian E.. Volatile substance misuse in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse.46, (S1), 8-20.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2011.580172 (DOI)
  • Han, E., Powell, L.M.. Effect of food prices on the prevalence of obesity among young adults. Public Health (UK).125, (3), 129-135.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.puhe.2010.11.014 (DOI)
  • Ilgen, M.A., Schulenberg, J., Kloska, D.D., Czyz, E., Johnston, L., O'Malley, P.. Prevalence and characteristics of substance abuse treatment utilization by US adolescents: National data from 1987 to 2008. Addictive Behaviors.36, (12), 1349-1352.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.07.036 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2010. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 74.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ74.pdf (URL)
  • Katel, Peter. Teen drug use: Do weaker drug laws encourage youths to try pot?. CQ Researcher.21, (21), 481-504.2011.
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Schulenberg, John E., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Li, Guohua, Hasin, Deborah. The social norms of birth cohorts and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, 1976-2007. Addiction.106, (10), 1790-1800.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03485.x (DOI)
  • Maxwell, Jane Carlisle. The prescription drug epidemic in the United States: A perfect storm. Drug and Alcohol Review.30, (3), 264-270.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00291.x (DOI)
  • Moon, Sung Seek, Rao, Uma. Social activity, school-related activity, and anti-substance use media messages on adolescent tobacco and alcohol use. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.21, (5), 475-489.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/10911359.2011.566456 (DOI)
  • Syvertsen, Amy K., Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne, Briddell, Laine. Thirty-year trends in U.S. adolescents' civic engagement: A story of changing participation and educational differences. Journal of Research on Adolescence.21, (3), 586-594.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00706.x (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne, Emery, Sherry, Szczypka, Glen, Johnston, Lloyd D.. Potential exposure to anti-drug advertising and drug-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among United States youth, 1995–2006. Addictive Behaviors.36, (1-2), 116-124.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.09.005 (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Syvertsen, Amy K., Briddell, Laine, Osgood, D. Wayne, Flanagan, Constance A.. Exploring the changing meaning of work for American high school seniors from 1976 to 2005. Youth and Society.43, (3), 1110-1135.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X10381367 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Freedman-Doan, Peter, Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Adolescent self-esteem: Differences by race/ethnicity, gender, and age. Self and Identity.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/15298861003794538 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Impacts of Parental Education on Substance Use: Differences among White, African-American, and Hispanic Students in 8th, 10th, and 12th Grades (1999-2008). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 70.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ70.pdf (URL)
  • Clarke, Philippa J., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: Findings from a national survey of American adults (1986–2008). American Journal of Epidemiology.172, (5), 540-548.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/aje/kwq156 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2009. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 73.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ73.pdf (URL)
  • Keyes, Katherine M.. Ecologic-level Disapproval and the Prevalence of Substance Use: A Multi-level Age-period-cohort Analysis of High-school Attending Adolescents in the United States. Dissertation, Columbia University. 2010.
  • Nelson, Jon P.. What is learned from longitudinal studies of advertising and youth drinking and smoking? A critical assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.7, (3), 870-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph7030870 (DOI)
  • Parrett, Matt. Does steroid use gateway into marijuana use? Evidence from 2001-2007 Monitoring The Future data. Southern Business and Economic Journal.33, (1&2), 93-106.2010.
  • Simerlink, Daniel J.. An Analysis of Sales and Customer Service Processes for U.S. Consumers Born Around 1982--1992. Dissertation, Walden University. 2010.
  • Staff, J., Schulenberg, J.E.. Millennials and the world of work: Experiences in paid work during adolescence. Journal of Business and Psychology.25, (2), 247-255.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10869-010-9167-4 (DOI)
  • Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Rethinking 'Generation Me': A study of cohort effects from 1976-2006. Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 58-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609356789 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith. Birth cohort differences in the Monitoring the Future dataset and elsewhere: Further evidence for Generation Me—Commentary on Trzesniewski & Donnellan (2010). Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 81-88.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609357015 (DOI)
  • Tworek, C., Yamaguchi, R., Kloska, D.D., Emery, S., Barker, D.C., Giovino, G.A., O'Malley, P.M., Chaloupka, F.J.. State-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation measures. Health Policy.97, (2-3), 136-144.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2010.04.009 (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne. Examining trends in adolescent environmental attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors across three decades. Environment and Behavior.42, (1), 61-85.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0013916509335163 (DOI)
  • Zhong, Hua, Schwartz, Jennifer. Exploring gender-specific trends in underage drinking across adolescent age groups and measures of drinking: Is girls' drinking catching up with boys'?. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.39, (8), 911-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-009-9413-0 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Study findings from University of Michigan provide new insights into behavior. Women's Health Weekly.1082009.
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the U.S., 1991-2007. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System Surveillance Reports #86.Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2009.
  • Clarke , Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004. International Journal of Epidemiology.38, (2), 499-509.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/ije/dyn214 (DOI)
  • Clarke, Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Lantz, Paula. Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006. American Journal of Public Health.99, (10), 18932009.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.141317 (DOI)
  • Goodkind, Sara, Wallace, John M., Shook, Jeffrey J., Bachman, Jerald, O'Malley, Patrick. Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976–2005. Children and Youth Services Review.31, (8), 885-895.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.04.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2008. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 71.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ71.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-09-7402, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future: National Survey on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Us, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. NIH Pub. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse . 2009.
  • McCabe, Sean Esteban, Boyd, Carol J., Cranford, James A., Teter, Christian J.. Motives for nonmedical use of prescription opioids among high school seniors in the United States: Self-treatment and beyond. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.163, (8), 739-744.2009.
    • ID: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.120 (DOI)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings. SMA 09-4434, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/2k8nsduh/2k8Results.pdf (URL)
  • Powell, Lisa M., Chriqui, Jamie, Chaloupka, Frank J.. Associations between state-level soda taxes and adolescent Body Mass Index. Journal of Adolescent Health.45, (3), S57-S63.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.03.003 (DOI)
  • Sargent, James D., Heatherton, Todd F.. Comparison of trends for adolescent smoking and smoking in movies, 1990-2007. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.301, (21), 2211-2213.2009.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.2009.745 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Reasons for drug use among American youth by consumption level, gender, and race/ethnicity: 1976-2005. Journal of Drug Issues.39, (3), 677-714.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260903900310 (DOI)
  • The California State Task Force on Prescription Drug Misuse. Summary Report and Recommendations on Prescription Drugs: Misuse, Abuse, and Dependency. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.adp.ca.gov/Director/pdf/Prescription_Drug_Task_Force.pdf (URL)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs09/ndcs09_data_supl/09datasupplement.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, John M., Jr., Vaughn, Michael G., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and smoking among early adolescent girls in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.104, (1), S42-S49.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.06.007 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Tobacco hits lowest rate since survey began 33 years ago. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly.1-3.2008.
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2007. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 69.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ69.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-08-6418A, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH-PUB-08-6418B, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Revisiting Marriage Effects on Substance Use among Young Adults. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 68.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ68.pdf (URL)
  • Kumar, Revathy, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Association between physical environment of secondary schools and student problem behavior - A national study, 2000-2003. Environment and Behavior.40, (4), 455-486.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0013916506293987 (DOI)
  • Link, Tanja C.. Adolescent substance use in Germany and the United States. European Journal of Criminology.5, (4), 453-480.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1477370808095126 (DOI)
  • Little, Michelle, Weaver, Scott R., King, Kevin M., Liu, Freda, Chassin, Laurie. Historical change in the link between adolescent deviance proneness and marijuana use, 1979-2004. Prevention Science.9, (1), 4-16.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-008-0084-y (DOI)
  • McBride, Duane C., Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., VanderWaal, Curtis J., Chriqui, Jamie F., Myllyluoma, Jana. US public health agency involvement in youth-focused illicit drug policy, planning, and prevention at the local level, 1999-2003. American Journal of Public Health.98, (2), 270-277.2008.
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  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D, Messersmith, E.E.. Education drug use relationships: An examination of racial/ethnic subgroups. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 66.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Beauvais, Fred, Thurman, Pamela Jumper, Burnside, Martha, Plested, Barbara. Prevalence of American Indian adolescent tobacco use: 1993-2004. Substance Use and Misuse.42, (4), 591-601.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/10826080701202171 (DOI)
  • Carpenter, Christopher S., Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick, Johnston, Lloyd. Alcohol control policies and youth alcohol consumption: Evidence from 28 years of Monitoring the Future. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.7, (1), 2007.
    • ID: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss1/art25 (URL)
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  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH Publication No. 07-6205.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH Publication No. 07-6206.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
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  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Drugs and driving by American high school seniors, 2001-2006. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.68, (6), 834-842.2007.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Delva, Jorge, Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Variation in obesity among American secondary school students by school and school characteristics. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.33, (4, Suppl), S187-S194.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.001 (DOI)
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  • Slater, Sandy J., Chaloupka, Frank J., Wakefield, Melanie, Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. The impact of retail cigarette marketing practices on youth smoking uptake. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.161, (5), 440 -2007.
    • ID: 10.1001/archpedi.161.5.440 (DOI)
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  • Arria, Amelia M., Wish, Eric D.. Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among students. Pediatric Annals.35, (8), 565-571.2006.
  • Bachman, J.G., Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E.. The Monitoring the Future Project after Thirty-two Years: Design and Procedure. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 64.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2006.
  • DeSimone, Jeff. Academic performance and part-time employment among high school seniors . Topics in Economic Analysis and Policy.6, (1), 1-34.2006.
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  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2005 . Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 63.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2006.
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    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NCJ 219002, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2005. Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2005.pdf (URL)
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. High School & Youth Trends. NIDA InfoFacts.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
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  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. MDMA (Ecstasy). NIDA InfoFacts.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.nida.nih.gov/PDF/Infofacts/MDMA06.pdf (URL)
  • Powell, Lisa M., Auld, M. Christopher, Chaloupka, Frank J., O?Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Access to fast food and food prices: Relationship with fruit and vegetable consumption and overweight among adolescents. Advances in Alcohol and Substance Abuse.17, 23-48.2006.
  • VanderWaal, Curtis J., McBride, Duane C., Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., Bishop, Rachel M.. The Role of Public Health Agencies in Providing Access to Adolescent Drug Treatment Services. Journal of Adolescent Health.39, (6), 916-924.2006.
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  • Wakefield, M., Terry-McElrath, Y.M., Emery, S., Saffer, H., Chaloupka, F., Szczypka, G., Slater, S., O'Malley, P., Johnston, L.D.. Effect of televised, tobacco company-funded smoking prevention advertising on youth smoking-related beliefs, intentions, and behaviors. American Journal of Public Health.96, 2154-2160.2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.083352 (DOI)
  • Wish, Eric D., Fitzelle, Dawn Bonanno, O'Grady, Kevin E., Hsu, Margaret H., Arria, Amelia M.. Evidence for significant polydrug use among ecstasy-using college students. Journal of American College Health.55, (2), 99-104.2006.
    • ID: 10.3200/JACH.55.2.99-104 (DOI)
  • Author unknown. Drug use among teens declines, monitoring the future report finds. Campus Crime.15, (1), 52005.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2004. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 61.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2005.
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  • National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans. Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus05.pdf (URL)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
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    • ID: 10.1007/0-387-25822-1_7 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Yamaguchi, R.. Substance abuse counseling services in secondary schools: A national study of schools and students, 1999-2003. Journal of School Health.75, 334-341.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2005.00047.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D.. USA country report. The ESPAD Report 2003: Alcohol and Other Drug Use Among Students in 35 European Countries.Stockholm: Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs, and the Council of Europe. 2004.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2003. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 60.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2004.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ60.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2003. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2003.pdf (URL)
  • National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Non-medical Marijuana II: Rite of Passage or Russian Roulette?. CASA White Paper.New York: National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 2004.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Health Services Utilization by Individuals with Substance Abuse and Mental Disorders. SAMHSA Office of Applied Studies Analytical Series.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2003. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2003.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Gender and ethnic differences in smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, 1976-2000. Addiction.98, 225-234.2003.
    • ID: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00282.x (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. The Monitoring the Future Project After Twenty-Seven Years: Design and Procedures. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 54.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ54.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Johnston, Lloyd D.; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Schulenberg, John E. (2004): Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 2003. Archival Version. Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04019