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State Samples from the Census of Manufacturing: 1850, 1860, and 1870

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Bateman, Fred (Indiana University)
  • Weiss, Thomas J. (University of Kansas)
  • Atack, Jeremy (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
census data; historical data; industrialization; manufacturing; nineteenth century; wages and salaries; workers
  • Abstract

    This collection contains information from the Census of Manufacturing for states and the District of Columbia. It was originally collected to study the failure of southern industrialization. The data describe states and counties in terms of urban or rural, amount of capital invested, and number of male, female, and child workers employed. Additional information includes daily wage for skilled and unskilled labor, annual wage bill, hours in ordinary day's labor, types and quantities of inputs and outputs, power type, and horsepower. The original data were collected by Fred Bateman and Thomas J. Weiss and the collection was later extended by Jeremy Atack.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: State Sample for 1850
    • DS2: State Sample for 1860
    • DS3: State Sample for 1870
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
States and territories in the United States for which records were extant. Smallest Geographic Unit: city
Random samples from the U.S. Census.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Individual states should be analyzed separately. For aggregations, use the data available as NATIONAL SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, and 1870 (ICPSR 4048). (2) State data for 1880 are available as STATE SAMPLES FROM THE 1880 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING (ICPSR 9384). (3) National data for 1880 are available as NATIONAL SAMPLE FROM THE 1880 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING (ICPSR 9385). (4) The principal investigators request that the source of these data be credited and that authors using these data send a file copy of their work to Jeremy Atack at Vanderbilt University.

2006-03-30 File CB4071.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (GS-2450, GS2456, SOC75-18917, and SOC75-20034).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 4071 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR04071.v1
  • Atack, Jeremy, Bateman, Fred. Nineteenth-Century U.S. Industrial Development through the Eyes of the Census of Manufactures. Historical Methods.32, (4), 177-188.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615449909598939 (DOI)
  • Bateman, Fred, Weiss, Thomas Joseph. A Deplorable Scarcity: The Failure of Industrialization in the Slave Economy. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. 1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Bateman, Fred; Weiss, Thomas J.; Atack, Jeremy (2004): State Samples from the Census of Manufacturing: 1850, 1860, and 1870. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.