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National Survey of Parents, 1999-2001

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M.
  • Robinson, John
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child care; child care arrangements; child health; child rearing; parent child relationship; parenting skills; time utilization
  • Abstract

    The National Survey of Parents, 1999-2001 was designed to collect data on the activity patterns of American parents and on how they divide their time among work, household tasks, child care, and leisure activities. Information on feelings about various parenting activities was also ascertained. Using established time-diary procedures with Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI), respondents were asked to complete "yesterday" time diaries. These diaries detailed respondents' primary activities from midnight to midnight of the previous day, their secondary activities (e.g., activities that occurred simultaneously with the primary activities), and when, with whom, and where they engaged in the activities. In addition to estimates of time use, the project elicited information on (1) age, race/ethnicity, family income, marital status, education, and employment status of the respondent and spouse (if married), (2) weekly estimates of time spent in different activities with children, (3) feelings of time pressure, and (4) enjoyment of certain parenting activities. There are two different data files available. Part 1, Main Data, contains 1,200 respondent records that include respondent and household characteristics, questions about feelings and time pressure, and survey weights. This file also contains aggregated measures of minutes per day in 99 detailed primary time activities, time spent in 13 locations, and time spent with different categories of people. The Main Data Codebook documents the variables contained in Part 1. Part 2, Time Diary Data, contains 24,814 activity records collected in the time diary. Each primary activity record also contains information on any simultaneous secondary activity, the location code for where the primary activity took place, and the "with whom" code for each primary activity. The Time Diary Codebook and Time Diary Questionnaire document the variables contained in the Part 2. Users who wish to link the two files should use the variable pid contained in both data files.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The estimated response rate is 63.5 percent.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Main Data
    • DS2: Time Diary Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1999--2000
  • 1999 / 2000
  • Collection date: 1999-05--2000-06
  • 1999-05 / 2000-06
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Parents age 18 or older who were living with at least one of their children under age 18 and residing in a household with a telephone in the contiguous United States.
The sample was selected from a One Plus list-assisted Random Digit Dial (RDD) frame and was designed to yield approximately 1,200 interviews from the 48 states plus the District of Columbia with approximately equal numbers of completed interviews done for each day of the week.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
2010-03-25 A few of the Main Data variables (newinc, ageimp, finalwt, weight) were modified to include decimal places. Funding institution(s): Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (SRC Project Number 1352).
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 4247 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR04247.v1
  • Milkie, Melissa A., Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Taking on the second shift: Time allocations and time pressures of U.S. parents with preschoolers. Social Forces.88, (2), 487-518.2009.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.0.0268 (DOI)
  • Romero, Mariajose. Guide to Datasets for Research and Policymaking in Child Care and Early Education. Child Care & Early Education Research Connections, User guide. 2009.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Time and Money: Market Work, Nonmarket Work, Gender Equality and Fertility. The New Population Problem: Why Families in Developing Countries Are Shrinking and What It Means.Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 2005.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M., Raley, Sara. Time Allocation in Working Families. Work, Family, Health and Well-Being.Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 2005.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M., Robinson, John P., Milkie, Melissa A.. Changing Rhythms of American Family Life. ASA Rose Series in Sociology.New York: Russell Sage. 2005.
  • Mattingly, Marybeth, Sayer, Liana C.. Under Pressure: Trends and Gender Differences in the Relationship between Free Time and Feeling Rushed. Journal of Marriage and Family.2005.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M., Mattingly, Marybeth J.. Time, work, and family in the United States. Current Perspectives on Aging and Life Cycle.8, 95-118.2004.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne, Cohen, Philip N., Raley, Sara, Nomaguchi, Kei. Inequality in Parental Investments in Child-Rearing: Expenditures, Time, and Health. Social Inequality.New York: Russell Sage. 2004.
  • Milkie, Melissa A., Mattingly, Marybeth J., Nomaguchi, Kei M., Bianchi, Suzanne M., Robinson, John P.. The Time Squeeze: Parental Statuses and Feelings About Time With Children. Journal of Marriage and Family.66, (3), 739-761.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00050.x (DOI)
  • Sayer, Liana C., Cohen, Philip N., Casper, Lynne M.. Women, Men, and Work. New York: Russell Sage and Population Reference Bureau. 2004.
  • Sayer, Liana C., Bittman, Michael, England, Paula, Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Is Women's Work Never Done? Gender Differences in Total Work Time in Australia and the United States. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.Boston, MA. 2004.
  • Daczo, Zsuzsa, Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Weekly Time Use in Middle Class, Two Parent Families with Children: How Gender Egalitarian Is It?. Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association.Atlanta, GA. 2003.
  • Raley, Sara. Do Fathers Invest More in Sons?. Thesis, University of Maryland. 2003.
  • Qiu, Yeu, Pudrovska, Tetyana, Bianchi, Suzanne. Social Activity and Internet Use in Dual-Earner Families: A Weekly Time-Diary Approach. Internet and Society.1, (1), 38-43.2002.
  • Sayer, Liana C.. Time Use, Gender, and Inequality: Differences in Men's and Women's Market, Nonmarket and Leisure Time. Dissertation, University of Maryland College Park. 2001.

Update Metadata: 2019-09-04 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Bianchi, Suzanne M.; Robinson, John (2005): National Survey of Parents, 1999-2001. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.