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Eurobarometer 44.2 (Nov 1995- Jan 1996)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Europäische Kommission
Other Title
  • Working Conditions in the European Union (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses (Researcher)
  • Marketing Unit, Bruessel (Data Collector)
  • GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen (Data Collector)
  • INRA Deutschland, Moelln (Data Collector)
  • KEME, Athen (Data Collector)
  • CIMEI, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • TMO, Paris (Data Collector)
  • Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • PRAGMA, Rom (Data Collector)
  • ILRES, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • METRIS, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • NOP Corporate and Financial, London (Data Collector)
  • TEMO AB, Solna, Schweden (Data Collector)
  • Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland (Data Collector)
  • SPECTRA, Linz, OEsterreich (Data Collector)
  • INRA EUROPE, Bruessel (Internationale Koordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Labour relations/conflict
    • Employment
  • Abstract

    Working conditions and stress at work. Topics: occupation; side jobs; company size; employment in the civil service; part-time employment or full position; area of business; span of control with supervisor status; current duration of employment in years; amounts in wages for special services such as overtime or night work; time worked each week; commuting time to work; information on type and extent of environmental pollution at work; characterization of job and information on type and extent of special services required; self-assessment of extent to which informed about risks at one´s place of work; extent of opportunities of self-determination in structuring work and working conditions; frequency of night shifts, Sunday work and Saturday work; shift work; opportunities of self-determination in structuring the work process; flextime; stress load; job security; determination of the pace of work by colleagues, customers, production norms, machine speed or the direct supervision of superior; personal freedom to decide in establishing the pace of work, the work method and the sequence of work steps; characterization of work as monotonous, complex and educational; common decisions with colleagues about job steps, production goals, chronological sequences and personnel questions; solving unanticipated problems at work and observing quality standards at work; agreement of work requirements and personal abilities; participation in further education measures; conversations about work-related problems with superiors, colleagues and workers´ representatives; conversations with superior about one´s own work performance; conversations about changes in work organization or working conditions; experience of violence and intimidation at work; discrimination experienced based on sex, age, race, nationality or handicap; equal treatment of sexes at one´s place of work; sex of superior; employer´s offering or granting maternity leave and supplementary days of vacation to care for a sick person as well as a healthy child; assessment of personal workplace as dangerous to health; number of days absent due to illness in the last year; change of job in the last 5 years due to general jeopardy or jeopardy to health from the job; information on psychological and physical disturbances to health from work; additional difficulties at work due to chronic or permanent health problems; general work satisfaction. Demography: sex; age; nationality; marital status; age at conclusion of school education; composition of household; head of household; possession of a telephone. Also encoded was: date of interview; time of start of interview and length of interview; number of persons present during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; city size.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995-11-27 / 1995-12-29
  • 1995-12-08 / 1996-01-03
  • 1995-12-01 / 1995-12-22
  • 1995-12-09 / 1995-12-24
  • 1995-12-04 / 1995-12-10
  • 1995-12-04 / 1995-12-22
  • 1995-12-04 / 1996-01-05
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 1995-12-06 / 1996-01-09
  • 1995-12-05 / 1996-01-11
  • 1995-12-29 / 1996-01-17
  • 1995-11-29 / 1995-12-14
    Great Britain
  • 1995-12-07 / 1996-01-07
  • 1995-12-05 / 1996-01-14
  • 1995-12-01 / 1996-01-19
  • 1995-12-05 / 1995-12-22
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Greece (GR)
Sampled Universe
Persons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified employee sample (active population)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 15986
    Number of Variables: 176
Approx. 1000 interviews were conducted in each country (in Eastern and Western Germany 1000 each), except in Luxembourg (500 interviews).
0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2789 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06722.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.2789
  • Pascal Paoli (European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions): Second European Survey on Working Conditions. Dublin, 1997. [Note: This report includes methodology information including response rates.]
  • European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions: Working conditions in Europe. Dublin, June 1997 (also available in French).

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 40 | Registration Date: 2012-08-09

Europäische Kommission (2012): Eurobarometer 44.2 (Nov 1995- Jan 1996). Working Conditions in the European Union. Version: 1.0.1. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.