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National Head Start/Public School Early Childhood Transition Demonstration Study, 1991-1999

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : Administrative records data, Observational data, Survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau
Other Title
  • National Transition Study, 1991-1999 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2008-08-11
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child care; child development; child health; child rearing; childhood; early childhood education; families; Head Start; health; mental health; nutrition; parent child relationship; parenting skills; school age children; social behavior; social support
Description
  • Abstract

    In 1990, the United States Congress authorized a major program designed to enhance the early public school transitions of former Head Start children and their families. Former Head Start children, like many other children living in poverty, were at risk for poor school achievement. This new program was launched to test the value of extending comprehensive, Head Start-like supports "upward" through the first four years of elementary school. This project, administered by the Head Start Bureau of the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families, funded 31 local Transition Demonstration Programs in 30 states and the Navajo Nation from the 1991-1992 school year through the 1997-1998 school year and involved more than 450 public schools. The National Transition Demonstration Study was conducted to provide information about the implementation of this program and its impact on children, families, schools, and communities. More than 7,500 former Head Start children and families were enrolled in the National Study. Thousands of other children and families, however, participated in the Transition Demonstration Program, since supports and educational enhancements were offered to all children and families in the classrooms. The datasets are organized into four broad categories: Family Units -- There are six family unit files. A "family unit" record consists of information about a child or family as the result of source data taken from family interviews, records of child test scores on a child instrument, school archival records, or teacher questionnaires (Part B). If data were available from any combination of these source documents, a family unit record was generated. A broad range of variables are included under this heading. Variables range from simple demographics to standardized scores of social skill ratings as well as neighborhood factor scores and child outcome scores in reading and mathematics. These files are associated with each year of the child's schooling (kindergarten through third grade).; School Unit -- There are five school unit files, organized around the year of data collection. A "school unit" record consists of information about a school as the result of source data captured from family interviews, a classroom teacher, or the school principal. The structure of this data file is different from others in that rather than being merged on a common key, the records are actually stacked one upon the other in groups. The first part of the file consists of family data, the middle portion consists of teacher data, and the final portion consists of principal data. A key variable to the construction of this dataset is the REC_SRC (record source) variable. It informs the user as to the source of the data in the record. The abbreviations are "fi," "ta," and "qp" for family interview, teacher questionnaire (Part A), and questionnaire for principals, respectively. The data viewed as the centerpiece of these datasets are the school climate survey variables and their associated factor scores.; Classroom Unit -- There are five classroom unit files organized around the year of data collection. The data recorded focus on the classroom and are from the following sources: classroom composition, assessment profile, a developmentally appropriate practice template, and a teacher questionnaire (part a). Some of the data available address the social skills the teacher views as important to his or her particular classroom. Variables addressing diversity of both gender and ethnicity within a single classroom are included when available.; Exit Interviews -- There are five Exit Interviews. Exit information was collected from the following groups: experimental and control families, family service specialists, school principals, and classroom teachers. These exit interviews were conducted upon exit from the third grade, and have been combined for both cohorts. ; Community Characteristics Data -- The community characteristics dataset is a hierarchical file having four distinct levels of data. The type of information available in this file may include data that describe the site, county, school district, or study school.; Users of these data are strongly encouraged to consult the accompanying documentation before attempting to use these files.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Early Kindergarten Data
    • DS2: Late Kindergarten Data
    • DS3: Early/Late Combined Kindergarten Data
    • DS4: First Grade Data
    • DS5: Second Grade Data
    • DS6: Third Grade Data
    • DS7: School Units -- Spring 1993 Data
    • DS8: School Units -- Spring 1994 Data
    • DS9: School Units -- Spring 1995 Data
    • DS10: School Units -- Spring 1996 Data
    • DS11: School Units -- Spring 1997 Data
    • DS12: Classroom Units -- Spring 1993 Data
    • DS13: Classroom Units -- Spring 1994 Data
    • DS14: Classroom Units -- Spring 1995 Data
    • DS15: Classroom Units -- Spring 1996 Data
    • DS16: Classroom Units -- Spring 1997 Data
    • DS17: Exit Interview Family Data
    • DS18: Exit Interview Family Service Specialists Data
    • DS19: Exit Interview School Principal Data
    • DS20: Exit Interview Teacher Part A Data
    • DS21: Exit Interview Teacher Part B Data
    • DS22: Community Characteristics Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1991-09-28--1999-09-29
  • 1991-09-28 / 1999-09-29
  • Collection date: 1991-09-28--1999-09-29
  • 1991-09-28 / 1999-09-29
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Families and children who were formerly enrolled in Head Start.
Sampling
Schools were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. Two groups of former Head Start children and families were recruited at 31 sites to participate in the study. The first group (Cohort 1) included 3,540 former Head Start children, enrolled shortly before or after entry into kindergarten in the fall of 1992, and their families. The second group (Cohort 2) included 3,975 former Head Start children, enrolled as they entered kindergarten in the fall of 1993, and their families.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
  • cognitive assessment test
  • coded on-site observation
Note
2014-03-20 Added a Study Overview document.2010-12-16 The Restricted Data Use Agreement has been updated.2010-02-05 The Restricted Data Use Agreement was updated. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau (Contract number 105-95-1935).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 4712 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR04712.v1
Publications
  • Garcia, John A.. The race project: Researching race in the social sciences researchers, measures, and scope of studies. Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics.2, (2), 300-346.2017.
    • ID: 10.1017/rep.2017.15 (DOI)
  • Dove, Meghan Kicklighter, Neuharth-Pritchett, Stacey, Wallinga, Charlotte, Wright, David W.. Parental involvement routines and former Head Start children's literacy outcomes. Journal of Research in Childhood Education.29, (2), 173-186.2015.
    • ID: 10.1080/02568543.2015.1011360 (DOI)
  • Hernandez, Donald J., Foundation for Child Development. National Head Start/Public School Early Childhood Transition Demonstration Study Resource Guide. Resource guide. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.researchconnections.org/childcare/manage/downloadFile/25351 (URL)
  • Redden, Sandra Cluett, Brezausek, Carl M., Forness, Steven R., Kavale, Kenneth A., Ramey, Craig T., Ramey, Sharon L.. Children at risk: Effects of a four-year Head Start transition program on special education identification. Journal of Child and Family Studies.10, (2), 255-270.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1016659710619 (DOI)
  • Redden, Sandra Cluett, Brezausek, Carl M., Forness, Steven R., Kavale, Kenneth A., Ramey, Craig T., Ramey, Sharon L., Zima, Bonnie T.. Head Start children at third grade: Preliminary special education identification and placement of children with emotional, learning, and related disabilities. Journal of Child and Family Studies.8, (3), 285-303.1999.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1022063228843 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2019-09-04 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau (2008): National Head Start/Public School Early Childhood Transition Demonstration Study, 1991-1999. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04712