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Life-Style of Older People (Singularization Study)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Bertram, Hans (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)
  • Deutsches Jugendinstitut (DJI), München
Publication Date
  • Infratest Sozialforschung, Muenchen (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Family
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Elderly
    • Family life and marriage
    • Income, property and investment/saving
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    Life-style of older people. Topics: 1. personal socialization and relation with the children: number of siblings; growing up with both parents or single-parent; school education of parents; agreement of views on religion, politics and marriage with oldest child; preferred educational goals; attitude to children (scale). 2. social network: person to confide in; description of persons of social surroundings; persons with whom one regularly has meals together and to whom emotional relations exist; distance to and sex of reference person; frequency of contact; leisure partner; personal need of help in the last few years and persons in the surroundings willing to help; external persons providing help in the household and yard; persons whom the respondent himself helps; persons in need of care in personal surroundings and personal assistance; demographic description of the persons of the social network; relation with friends and loneliness (scale). 3. partner and family biography: description of course of life by means of a time axis; detailed information on personal children: date of birth, sex, legal status, socialization situation of one´s children at 18 years of age and leaving the parental home; detailed information for every partnership regarding: start of actual partnership, start of living together in a common residence, marriage date, continued existence of partner relation, time of termination of the relation. 4. training and employment: training and employment of respondent as well as of partner; occupation biography; estimated weekly time budget for housework, shopping and raising children; detailed information on weekly effort and division of labor in housework. 5. attitudes to marriage and family: the significance and most important characteristics of a marriage (scale); concept of ideal family relations (scale); moral obligation of children when their parents are old and of parents for the education of their children. 6. economic situation and miscellaneous: religiousness; postmaterialism; frequency of selected leisure activities; residential status; residential furnishings; monthly rent costs; size of residence; characterization of infrastructure available in one´s residential area; preferred use of various means of transport; income and financial support of children or grandchildren, not living in the household; monthly over-all burden; occurrence of unusual burdens and problems in the last few months as well as intensity of the stress perceived from this; type and extent of perceived restrictions from health complaints; perceived restrictions from health problems of partner. Demography: sex; month of birth; year of birth; marital status; age of partner; number of children; state; administrative district; district code; city size; size of household and family size; composition of household. Also encoded was: type and way of contacting respondent.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993-01 / 1993-03
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons living alone and not living alone between the ages of 55 to 79 years
Sampling Procedure Comment: Quota sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 4130
    Number of Variables: 595
The study is part of a greater research project conducted under the designation survey of families. In this connection the survey was entered in a complex database system. From this nine different files of this survey were written, each referring to different data structures (number of cases) (structure, family, attitudes, economice, sample, children, partner, network, occupation). A split questionnaire was used.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2790 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • DJI (Type: FDZ)
  • Bertram, Hans (Hrsg.): Das Individuum und seine Familie: Lebensformen, Familienbeziehungen und Lebensereignisse im Erwachsenenalter Opladen: Leske+Budrich 1995. (Deutsches Jugendinstitut Familien-Survey Band 4)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Bertram, Hans; Deutsches Jugendinstitut (DJI), München (1996): Lebensführung älterer Menschen (Singularisierungsstudie). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.