Welfare Survey 1993

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Zapf, Wolfgang (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Habich, Roland (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Noll, Heinz-Herbert (ZUMA, Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • Infratest, Muenchen (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Leisure, tourism and sport
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Income, property and investment/saving
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    Quality of life and satisfaction in selected areas of life. Evaluation of financial, occupational and health situation. Life style and expectations of the future. Topics: 1. Housing situation: housing situation in primary residence; number of rooms; living space in square meters; furnishing characteristics of residence; residential status; house-hunting in the last six months and outcome of this; satisfaction with housing (scale); sense of security in residential area; stress scale for noise, air pollution, lack of free nature, destruction of countryside and quality of drinking water. 2. Society: postmaterialism; conflict groups in society; opinions about the preferred or current primary bearer of the transformation costs in the re-structuring process in the eastern part of Germany; comparison of current personal living conditions with those at the time of unification in 1990. 3. Public safety: satisfaction with public safety and environmental protection; probability of victimization; anomy. 4. Life situation: optimism/pessimism; education level and satisfaction with education (scale); self-classification of social class. 5. Role distribution between the sexes: the woman between role of mother and occupation (scale); attitude to the GDR model of support of working mothers; satisfaction with division of work in household (scale) and note of presence of partner in answering this question; memberships; current feeling of happiness; satisfaction with leisure time (scale); desire for more leisure time; frequency of selected leisure activities. 6. Household: detailed information on size of household and persons living in it; satisfaction with family life; marital satisfaction or satisfaction with partnership; living together with a partner or living separately from spouse. 7. Social contacts: judgement on chances for new contacts; number, care and possession of close friendships; frequency of contacts with friends; contacts with acquaintances and relatives in the other part of Germany before the turning point; change of frequency and quality of contacts since the turning-point. 8. Occupation: detailed information on occupation; satisfaction with role as housewife (scale); reasons for work as housewife; satisfaction with situation in life; difficulties to find a suitable position; desire for employment; preference for a full-time position or part-time employment; search for work in the last 12 months; intensity of desire for employment; work in occupation learned; employment in short time work or ABM {work creation measure}; job at place of residence; job in East or West Germany or abroad; most important criteria for a job and comparison of these criteria with current situation at work (scale); job satisfaction (scale); importance of areas of life, occupation, leisure time and family; desire to end employment; fear of unemployment or forced change of position; expected difficulties with a hypothetical new search for work; social mobility; evaluation of financial security in case of unemployment. 9. Financial and health situation: satisfaction with the ´net of social security´ (scale); gross income, net income and household income; personal inheritance in the last three years; inheritance of building or real estate; extent of inherited assets; satisfaction with household income, standard of living and health (scale); personally being handicapped or in need of care; change of occupation for health reasons; regular use of medication; psychological and physical health; religiousness; satisfaction with church (scale). 10. Future expectations: optimistic expectations of income development, the development of job security, the development of the cost of living, the environment situation at place of residence, the development of professional career and opportunities to exert political influence; optimistic future expectation for personal surroundings; interest in politics; satisfaction with opportunities for political activity and democratic institutions in the country (scale); party inclination and party identification; general contentment with life (scale); concerns for economic development, maintenance of peace, the flow of applicants for political asylum, the costs of German unity; development of crime and development of unemployment in Germany; comparison of personal living conditions with earlier and later times as well as with persons in other parts of the country and other countries. 11. Life style: most important goals in life; interest in selected musical styles; interest in special television offerings and preferred areas; intensity of interest in selected literature genres; media usage; preferred information from newspapers; preferred magazines; characterization of personal clothing style as well as furnishing style; psychological self-characterization and preferred behaviors; Demography: age; sex; marital status; occupation household income; household size; household composition; respondent is head of household; presence at home on the last four days. Also encoded was: time at end of interview; type of building; high-rise building; type of city.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993-02 / 1993-04
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Germans living in private households 18 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample with subsequent random route)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3062
    Number of Variables: 462
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2792 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Habich, Roland; Noll, Heinz-Herbert (Hrsg.): Teil II: Lebenslagen und subjektives Wohlbefinden in Ost- und Westdeutschland. In: Statistisches Bundesamt (Hrsg.) in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung und dem Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen, Mannheim: Datenreport 1994 - Zahlen und Fakten über die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung 1994 (Schriftenreihe Band 325)
  • Zapf, Wolfgang: Einige Materialien zur Gesellschaft und Demokratie im vereinten Deutschland. In: Peisert, Hansgert; Zapf, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Gesellschaft, Demokratie und Lebenschancen - Festschrift für Rolf Dahrendorf, Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft 1994, S. 291-312.
  • Spellerberg, Annette: Lebensstile im Wohlfahrtssurvey 1993: Dokumentation zum Konzept und zur Entwicklung des Fragebogens. Arbeitsgruppe Sozialberichterstattung, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Berlin 1993.
  • Spellerberg, Annette: Lebensstile und Lebensqualität in West- und Ostdeutschland. In: Zeitschrift für Mitteleuropa, angewandte Sozialforschung 1995, 19, S. 93-106.
  • Zapf, Wolfgang: Zwei Geschwindigkeiten in Ost- und Westdeutschland. In: Holtmann, Everhard; Sahner, Heinz: Aufhebung der Bipolarität. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 1995, S. 69-81.
  • Zapf, Wolfgang, Habich, Roland (Hrsg.): Wohlfahrtsentwicklung im vereinten Deutschland. Edition Sigma, Berlin 1996.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 242 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22