Political Cultures in United Germany 1992

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Westle, Bettina (ZUMA, Mannheim)
  • Roßteutscher, Sigrid (ZUMA, Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • EMNID, Bielefeld (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Political ideology
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Attitude to democracy and the political system. Changes through unification. Topics: Friendship contacts in the GDR before the turning point; new friendships since the turning point; personal concept about the future of the GDR after the turning point at the time of the wall opening; personal judgement on reunification at the time of survey; importance of improvement in the economic and political situation in Eastern Germany; importance of living together of the Germans from East and West in a country; closeness with one´s own city, with one´s own state, with the FRG, before unification with Germany as a whole, with the European Community, with the old states or with the new states and their citizens; emphasis on national independence or increased merger as preferred future political world; attitude to the idea of democracy; satisfaction with democracy (scale); understanding of democracy; importance of freedom of press and freedom of speech, freedom of religion, unrestricted travel freedom, free and secret elections, party competition, a strong opposition, the possibility of plebiscites, the freedom to demonstrate, independent judiciary and the federalism principle; significance of social equality and private economy for the ideal of democracy; political interest; social trust; actual freedom of speech in Germany; attitude to selected citizen duties and forms of political participation such as: continually informing oneself, regular election participation, trusting politicians, alert and skeptically following politics, observing laws, publicly opposing unjust laws, exercising government loyality or government criticism, making an effort in political groups, parties and citizens´ initiatives, admitting criticism of democracy, defending democracy against its opponents, making an effort on social politcy, respect for one´s own country and defense preparedness in the case of threat; personal sense of responsibility; evaluation of possibilities of the citizens to influence politics; uncertainty in political discussions; judgement on the interest of politicians in the desires and concerns of the citizens; understanding of politics; judgement on possibilities to influence politics between elections; classification of the parties as representatives of voter interests; national pride; attitude to the idea of socialism; attitude to socialism as realized in the GDR; earlier attitude of respondent to socialism; general judgement on the results of politics in the GDR and assumed reasons for this result such as socialism, politicians, SED or citizens; compatibility of socialism and democracy; failure of socialism due to wrong image of mankind, economic approach, leading politicians; development of a political sense of responsibility in socialism; socialism and social justice; judgement on FRG political results until reunification, the understanding of democracy, the manner of realization, the politicians and parties as well as the citizens of the FRG for the results of politics in the old states; judgement on the achievements of the current Federal Government, the current state government and the parties; judgement on social values such as self-realization, diligence and achievement, co-responsibility, observing rules, self-confidence and critical faculty of the individual, hedonism, prosperity and political commitment; extent of general differences between people in Eastern and Western Germany; sympathy regarding the East Germans or West Germans; judgement on the citizens of the former GDR as good democrats; agreement with the moral obligation of West Germans for financial support of Eastern Germany; judgement on reunification as take-over of the GDR by the Federal Republic; assessment of Western financial aid as necessity to stabilize the all-German situation; overpowering of the West Germans by the unification desire of the East Germans; personal change through unification; judgement on the economic situation in Eastern Germany; demand for an increased effort of the West Germans or the East Germans for an improvement in communication, economic development and the development of democracy; postmaterialism scale according to Inglehart; self-classification on a left-right continuum; sense of well-being in Germany; judgement on the political climate in Germany and the political sense of responsibility of the Germans; judgement on the Germans as good democrats; trust in the political future of the country; democracy as best form of government; necessity of fundamental restriction of democratic rights and freedoms to solve future problems; judgement on the ability of the political system in Germany to function; realization of democratic principles in Germany; judgement on democracy in view of the solution of future problems; judgement on parties and politicians as deserving support; pride in politicians and parties; judgement on politicians as poor democrats; trustworthiness of politicians; judgement on the quality of politics; judgement on the abilities of the politicians and parties; attitude to government intervention in the economy; judgement on the influence of the economy on politics; judgement on current and further development of the economic situation; preference for social security in a welfare state or for more personal responsibility; judgement on the reality of social security in Germany; dogmatism, authoritarianism, anomie (scales); conformism: adaptation to friends, agreement with majorities and opportunism; month of birth; year of birth; employment; occupational status; reasons for non-employment; social origins; church solidarity; contentment with life; self-esteem (scale): sociable, unsuccessful, recognition, moral inferiority, social uncertainty, pride in oneself; party inclination and party preference (Sunday question); self-classification of social class (top-bottom scale); size of household; net household income; number of one´s own children; number of one´s own children in different age-groups; membership in trade unions, civil servant and employee organizations; membership in professional organizations; party membership; participation in citizens´ initiatives. Questions to East German respondents: interest in politics before the turning point; SED membership; member of CDU, NDPD, LDPD, DBD; participation in turning point demonstrations; identification with West German parties before the turning point; time of start of party inclination; city size; district code; identification of interviewer; date of interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1992-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    old and new states
Sampled Universe
Persons 18 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Random route procedure.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2519
    Number of Variables: 198
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2809 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22