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National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1979

Version
v4
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Other Title
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series
Publication Date
1998-01-13
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
alcohol; alcohol abuse; alcohol consumption; amphetamines; barbiturates; cocaine; demographic characteristics; drug abuse; drug use; drugs; hallucinogens; heroin; households; inhalants; marijuana; methamphetamine; prescription drugs; sedatives; smoking; stimulants; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; tobacco use; tranquilizers; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    This series measures the prevalence and correlates of drug use in the United States. The surveys are designed to provide quarterly, as well as annual, estimates. Information is provided on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, tobacco, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs among members of United States households aged 12 and older. Questions include age at first use, as well as lifetime, annual, and past-month usage for the following drug classes: cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, heroin, inhalants, alcohol, tobacco, nonmedical use of prescription drugs including psychotherapeutics, and polysubstance use. Respondents were also asked about their knowledge of drugs, perceptions of the risks involved, population movement, and sequencing of drug use. Fifty-seven percent of respondents were asked specific questions about their perceptions of the consequences of marijuana and alcohol use. The other 43 percent were asked about heroin use among friends. Demographic data include gender, race, age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, job status, income level, and household composition.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The overall interview completion rate was 83 percent. The interview completion rates for the three age groups were: 86 percent for youth, 84 percent for young adults, and 80 percent for older adults.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), 1979
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1979
  • 1979-08 / 1980-01
    Collection date: 1979-08--1980-01
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the coterminous United States (Alaska and Hawaii excluded) aged 12 and older.
Sampling
Multistage area probability sample design involving five selection stages: (1) primary sampling units areas (e.g., counties), (2) subareas within primary areas (blocks or block groups), (3) listing units within subareas (housing units or group quarters), (4) age-group-smoking classes within sampled listing units, and (5) eligible individuals within sampled age-group-smoking classes. A total of 103 Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) were selected to represent the total United States population. These PSUs were defined as metropolitan areas, counties, groups of counties, and independent cities. The rural supplement consisted of an additional eight rural PSUs. The two race classifications used were white and Black/other, and the two race/ethnic group choices were white and Black/other. Minorities and younger household members were oversampled. Five age divisions were usually classified into three groups: youth (ages 12 to 17), young adult (ages 18 to 21 and 22 to 25), and older adult (ages 26 to 34 and 35 and older). Each age group was sampled separately, and the probability of selection decreased with the prospective respondent's age. One youth and/or one adult could be chosen per household. The basic national sample was supplemented by a sample of residents of rural areas.
Collection Mode
  • Data were collected by Response Analysis Corporation, Princeton, NJ, under contract with National Institute on Drug Abuse. The data and codebook were prepared for release by Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC, and the codebook was initially distributed by National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL, under contracts with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

    For selected variables, statistical imputation was done following logical imputation to replace missing responses. These variables are identified in the codebook as "...LOGICALLY IMPUTED" and "...imputed" for the logical procedure or by the designation "IMPUTATION REVISED" in the variable label when the statistical procedure was also performed. The names of statistically imputed variables begin with the letters "IR". For each imputation-revised variable there is a corresponding imputation indicator variable that indicates whether a case's value on the variable resulted from an interview response or was imputed by the hot-deck technique, which is described in the codebook.

    The "basic sampling weights" are equal to the inverse of the probabilities of selection of sample respondents. To obtain "final NHSDA weights," the basic weights were adjusted to take into account dwelling unit-level and individual-level nonresponse and further adjusted to ensure consistency with population projections from the United States Bureau of the Census.

    To protect the confidentiality of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been encrypted, collapsed, or deleted. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the data.

    New editing, revised handling of missing data, and different sampling weights were applied to the original 1979 NHSDA data file to make it more comparable with later NHSDAs. This resulted in several differences between the original and public use files. Although differences in prevalence estimates are generally small, published findings of the 1979 NHSDA cannot be replicated using the public use file.

    The codebook, which includes the data collection instruments, is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

    For some drugs that have multiple names, questions regarding the use of that drug may be asked for each distinct name. For example, the use of methedrine and desoxyn are measured separately in this study even though they are both methamphetamine.

Note
2015-11-23 Covers for the PDF documentation were revised.2015-02-03 Created a separate Questionnaire PDF that was extracted from the Codebook PDF.2013-06-19 Updated variable-level ddi files released.2008-06-18 A duplicate page was removed from the pdf codebook.2008-06-03 New files were added. These files included one or more of the following: Stata setup, SAS transport (CPORT), SPSS system, Stata system, SAS supplemental syntax, and Stata supplemental syntax files, and a tab-delimited ASCII data file. Also, the CASEID variable has been added to the dataset. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 6843 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR06843.v5
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR06843.v3
Publications
  • Salter, Howard L.. The Outcomes Following the Implimentation of the Brownsville Agreement and the Merida Initiative. Thesis, American Public University. 2015.
  • Sarabia, S., Martin, J.. Aging effects on substance use among midlife women: The moderating influence of race and substance. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions.13, (4), 417-435.2013.
    • ID: 10.1080/1533256X.2013.842799 (DOI)
  • Sarabia, Stephanie Elias. Aging Effect on Substance Use among Midlife Women: Impact of Cohort and Race/Ethnic Differences. Dissertation, New York University. 2012.
  • Grucza, Richard A., Norberg, Karen E., Bierut, Laura J.. Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: 1979-2006. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.48, (7), 692-702.2009.
    • ID: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181a2b32f (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs09/ndcs09_data_supl/09datasupplement.pdf (URL)
  • Thompson, Melissa, Petrovic, Milena. Gendered transitions: Within-person changes in employment, family, and illicit drug use. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.46, (3), 377-408.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427809335172 (DOI)
  • Harder, Valerie S., Chilcoat, Howard D.. Cocaine use and educational achievement: Understanding a changing association over the past 2 decades. American Journal of Public Health.97, (10), 1790-1793.2007.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2006.091108 (DOI)
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of Methodological Studies,1971-2005. Methodology Series M-6.SMA 06-4146, Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/methodsHY/NSmethods.pdf (URL)
  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D., Dunlap, Eloise. The growth in marijuana use among American youths during the 1990s and the extent of blunt smoking. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse.4, (3-4), 1-21.2005.
    • ID: 10.1300/J233v04n03_01 (DOI)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs06_data_supl/ (URL)
  • Braunschweig, Heidi Michelle. The aging of the 'baby boom' generation: The potential for increased alcohol use and the need for concern. Dissertation, Case Western Reserve University. 2004.
  • Faden, Vivian B., Fay, Michael P.. Trends in drinking among Americans age 18 and younger: 1975-2002. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.28, (9), 1388-1395.2004.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000139820.04539.BD (DOI)
  • Markovitz, Carrie Elizabeth. Assessing fit of latent class models to complex survey data: Implications for drug use research. Dissertation, University of Maryland College Park. 2003.
  • Petronis, K.R., Anthony, J.C.. A different kind of contextual effect: Geographical clustering of cocaine incidence in the USA. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.57, (11), 893-900.2003.
    • ID: 10.1136/jech.57.11.893 (DOI)
  • Petronis, Kenneth Robert. Clusters of cocaine use in United States neighborhoods. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2002.
  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D.. Variation in youthful risks of progression from alcohol and tobacco to marijuana and to hard drugs across generations. American Journal of Public Health.91, (2), 225-232.2001.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.91.2.225 (DOI)
  • Kandel, Denise B., Griesler, Pamela C., Lee, Gang, Davies, Mark, Schaffran, Christine. Parental influences on adolescent marijuana use and the baby boom generation: Findings from the 1979-1996 National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse. NHSDA Series.(SMA) 01-3531, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/NHSDA/BabyBoom/TOC.htm (URL)
  • Males, Mike. 'Kids and Guns': How Politicians, Experts, and the Press Fabricate Fear of Youth. Monroe, MN: Common Courage Press. 2000.
  • Petronis, Kenneth R., Anthony, James C.. Perceived risk of cocaine use and experience with cocaine: Do they cluster within US neighborhoods and cities?. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.57, (3), 183-192.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0376-8716(99)00047-2 (DOI)
  • Van Etten, Michelle L., Anthony, James C.. Comparative epidemiology of initial drug opportunities and transitions to first use: Marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogens and heroin. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.54, (2), 117-125.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0376-8716(98)00151-3 (DOI)
  • Van Etten, Michelle L., Neumark, Yehuda D., Anthony, James C.. Male-female differences in the earliest stages of drug involvement. Addiction.94, (9), 1413-1419.1999.
  • Van Etten, Michelle L., Neumark, Yehuda D., Anthony, James C.. Initial opportunity to use marijuana and the transition to first use: United States, 1979-1994. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.49, (1), 1-7.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0376-8716(97)00127-0 (DOI)
  • Pollay, Richard W., Siddarth, S., Siegel, Michael, Haddix, Anne, Merritt, R.K., Giovino, G.A., Eriksen, M.P.. The last straw? Cigarette advertising and realized market shares among youths and adults, 1979-1993. Journal of Marketing.60, (2), 1 -1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1251927 (URL)
  • Everingham, Susan M. Sohler, Rydell, C. Peter, Caulkins, Jonathan P.. Cocaine consumption in the United States: Estimating past trends and future scenarios. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences.29, (4), 305-314.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0038-0121(95)00018-6 (DOI)
  • Hawkins, J. David, Arthur, Michael W., Catalano, Richard F.. Preventing substance abuse. Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1995.
  • Nelson, David E., Giovino, Gary A., Shopland, Donald R., Mowery, Paul D., Mills, Sherry L., Eriksen, Michael P.. Trends in cigarette smoking among US adolescents, 1974 through 1991. American Journal of Public Health.85, (1), 34-40.1995.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.85.1.34 (DOI)
  • Robertson, Elizabeth B.. Trends in Drug Use: A Comparison of Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas of the United States from 1975 to 1991. Family Economics Review.7, (4), 2-10.1994.
  • Crider, R.A.. Heroin incidence: A trend comparison between National Household Survey data and indicator data. NIDA Research Monograph.57, 125-140.1985.
    • ID: http://www.drugabuse.gov/pdf/monographs/57.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-11-23 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (1998): National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1979. Version 4. National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06843.v4