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Agricultural and Demographic Records for Rural Households in the North, 1860

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Bateman, Fred
  • Foust, James D.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
agriculture; biographical data; census data; economic behavior; households; property values; rural areas
  • Abstract

    Demographic, occupational, and economic information for over 21,000 rural households in the northern United States in 1860 are presented in this dataset. The data were obtained from the manuscript agricultural and population schedules of the 1860 United States Census and are provided for all households in a single township from each of 102 randomly-selected counties in sixteen northern states. Variables in the dataset include farm values, livestock, and crop production figures for the households which owned or operated farms (over half the households sampled), as well as value of real and personal estate, color, sex, age, literacy, school attendance, occupation, place of birth, and parents' nationality of all individuals residing in the sampled townships.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
956 counties in 20 northern states
A two-stage variable-cluster sample design was use. A random sample of 102 counties in sixteen northern states was drawn. From each of these counties one non-urban township was randomly selected. Census records from all households in the selected townships were included in the study.
Collection Mode
  • This collection was archived by ICPSR to promote the use of social science data in undergraduate and graduate education through the sharing of faculty-submitted ICPSR data-based instructional materials developed for use in the classroom.

    Instructional materials for use with these data may be found at AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS FOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN THE NORTH, 1860: [INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS] (ICPSR 3463)

    Another version of this study, AGRICULTURAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC RECORDS OF 21,118 RURAL HOUSEHOLDS SELECTED FROM THE 1860 MANUSCRIPT CENSUSES (ICPSR 9117), is available in hierarchical format.

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (GS-27143).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7420 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07420.v1
  • Post, Charles. An 'agricultural revolution' in the United States: The development of capitalism and the adoption of the reaper in the antebellum U.S. north. Science and Society.61, (2), 216-228.1997.
  • Moen, Jon R.. Rural Nonfarm Households: Leaving the Farm and the Retirement of Older Men, 1860-1980. Social Science History.18, (1), 55-76.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Atack, Jeremy, Bateman, Fred. Marketable Farm Surpluses: Northeastern and Midwestern United States, 1859 and 1860. Social Science History.8, (4), 371-394.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Bateman, Fred, Foust, James D.. A sample of rural households selected from the 1860 manuscript censuses. Agricultural History.48, (1), 75-93.1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Bateman, Fred; Foust, James D. (1984): Agricultural and Demographic Records for Rural Households in the North, 1860. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.