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Slave Sales and Appraisals, 1775-1865

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • Fogel, Robert W. (University of Rochester)
  • Engerman, Stanley L. (University of Rochester)
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Economics of American Negro Slavery Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
African Americans; Antebellum South (USA); eighteenth century; history; nineteenth century; slave appraisals; slave ownership; slave populations; slave sales; slavery; Southern United States
  • Abstract

    This study presents data pertaining to slave sales and appraisals that took place from 1775 to 1865 in eight states of the southern United States: Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi. The data were obtained from probate records on deposit in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Genealogical Society Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Variables document the sale locations and the appraised and sale values of the slaves, as well as the slaves' age, sex, occupational skills, and condition of health. A related study is SLAVE HIRES, 1775-1865 (ICPSR 7422), also prepared by Robert W. Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Slave Sales and Appraisals, 1775-1865, Dataset 0001
Temporal Coverage
  • 1775 / 1865
    Time period: 1775--1865
Geographic Coverage
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • United States
  • Virginia
Sampled Universe
Slave sales and appraisals in the southern United States (Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi) between 1775-1865.
Nonrandom, convenience sample.
Collection Mode
  • Variable 5, recording "Year in which Entry Occurred," has values ranging from 1742 to 1868.

2006-10-11 ICPSR has added value labels found in the original documentation from the principal investigators to the setup and data files. Variables V5, V7, V10, V12, V13, and V15 were reformatted as numeric variables. A PDF codebook was added and the metadata record was revised.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7421 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07421.v2
  • Budros, Art. Social Shocks and Slave Social Mobility: Manumission in Brunswick County, Virginia, 1782-1862. American Journal of Sociology.110, (3), 539-579.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/425965 (DOI)
  • Fogel, Robert W., Engerman, Stanley L.. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston: Little, Brown. 1974.
  • Fogel, Robert William, Engerman, Stanley L.. Time on the Cross: Evidence and Methods, A Supplement. Boston: Little, Brown. 1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Fogel, Robert W.; Engerman, Stanley L. (1984): Slave Sales and Appraisals, 1775-1865. Version 3. Economics of American Negro Slavery Series. Version: v3. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.