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Biographical Characteristics of Members of the United States Congress, 1789-1979

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • McKibbin, Carroll R.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • United States Congressional Biographical Data Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
biographical data; career history; eighteenth century; historical data; legislative bodies; legislators; nineteenth century; political elites; public officials; twentieth century; United States Congress; United States House of Representatives; United States Senate
  • Abstract

    This study provides background information as well as data on congressional careers and pre- and post-Congress political office-holding for all members of the First through Ninety-sixth Congresses of the United States. Background information includes state of birth, year of birth, relatives also serving in Congress, military service, private or public secondary education, college attended, major occupation, and longest held party affiliation. Office-holding variables document the last office held prior to and first office held immediately after congressional service at the municipal, county, state, and federal levels, with judicial offices treated separately. Data on the congressional career itself include the year first elected to Congress, number of years served in each chamber, and the reason for leaving Congress. The data for the period from 1789 to 1960 were collected by Carroll R. McKibbin, University of Nebraska. The data from 1961 to 1979 were prepared by ICPSR staff.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1789 / 1979
    Time period: 1789--1979
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All members of the First through Ninety-fifth United States Congresses and members of the Ninety-sixth Congress, first session.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7428 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07428.v1
  • Katz, Jonathan N., Sala, Brian R.. Careerism, committee assignments, and the electoral connection. American Political Science Review.90, (1), 21 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Livingston, Steven G., Friedman, Sally. Reexamining theories of congressional retirement: Evidence from the 1980s. Legislative Studies Quarterly.18, (2), 231-253.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hibbing, John R.. Voluntary retirements from the House in the twentieth century. Journal of Politics.44, (4), 1020-1034.1982.
  • Bogue, Allan G., Clubb, Jerome M., McKibbin, Carroll R., Traugott, Santa A.. Members of the House of Representatives and the process of modernization, 1789-1960. Journal of American History.63, (2), 275-302.1976.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

McKibbin, Carroll R. (1984): Biographical Characteristics of Members of the United States Congress, 1789-1979. Archival Version. United States Congressional Biographical Data Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.