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Foreign Affairs Perspectives of United States Business and Military Elites, 1973

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and event/transaction data
Creator
  • Russett, Bruce M.
  • Hanson, Elizabeth C.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-05-03
Language
English
Free Keywords
armed forces; business elites; Cold War; communist threat; defense policy; domestic policy; economic aid; foreign affairs; foreign aid; foreign policy; international conflict; international relations; intervention; media coverage; military intervention; military officers; military operations; military strategies; peace; political attitudes; social conflict; Vietnam War; war
Description
  • Abstract

    This study explored perspectives and sources of opinions about United States foreign policy among American business and military elites. The data collection includes information obtained from surveys of military and business elites, as well as content analysis of articles on American intervention abroad published in business and military journals. Military officers (Part 1) and senior business executives (Part 2) were asked about causes of war, prospects for peace, the most serious domestic and international problems faced by the United States, and possible solutions to these problems. Respondents' views on military and economic aid, defense spending, maintaining troops overseas, and the presence of ground troops in Vietnam were also assessed. Of the survey variables, 62 are common to the military and business officials. A limited number of separate questions were also asked of each individual group. Part 3 contains variables coded from content analysis of articles published in military and business journals, focusing on the authors' attitudes toward various acts of political, diplomatic, or military intervention as well as economic sanctions. Also explored were the apparent reasons for such attitudes, whether economic, strategic, or ideological. The study sought to identify patterns of media responses that might account for the formation of, or changes in, opinions among business or military circles.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Military Survey
    • DS2: Business Survey
    • DS3: Business and Military Journals
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
  • Global
Sampled Universe
United States military and business elites, and American military and business journals.
Sampling
Executive vice-presidents of major United States corporations and military officers attending the five war colleges in April 1973 were selected for the survey. Data were also collected from five business journals and 16 military journals. Details on sampling procedures and the basis for journal selection are given in INTEREST AND IDEOLOGY: THE FOREIGN POLICY BELIEFS OF AMERICAN BUSINESSMEN (see Related Publications).
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Note
2006-01-18 File CB7491.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7491 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07491.v1
Publications
  • Russett, Bruce M., Hanson, Elizabeth C.. Interest and Ideology, the Foreign Policy Beliefs of American Businessmen. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman. 1975.
  • Russett, Bruce M.. Political perspectives of U.S. military and business elites. Armed Forces and Society.1, (128), 79-101.1974.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X7400100106 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Russett, Bruce M.; Hanson, Elizabeth C. (1984): Foreign Affairs Perspectives of United States Business and Military Elites, 1973. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07491