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Internal Colonialism Study: National Integration in the British Isles, 1851-1966

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, census/enumeration data, event/transaction data, survey data
  • Hechter, Michael
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; colonialism; counties; culture change; demographic characteristics; election returns; employment; ethnicity; literacy; nineteenth century; occupational status; political partisanship; population characteristics; population trends; social history; social integration; twentieth century; vital statistics
  • Abstract

    This dataset contains census, election, and vital statistics data for 118 British and Irish counties for the period 1851 to 1966. The information was collected for use in a study of regional integration and development in Great Britain in the 19th and 20th centuries. Included are population indicators for each of the counties recorded at 11 points in time during the 115-year span (i.e., 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1921, 1931, 1951, and 1961). Specific information includes indicators of population density and change, ethnic composition, proportion of election votes for Labour, Conservative, Liberal, and various nationalist parties, and proportion of population employed in areas such as agriculture, manufacturing, civil service, and (female) domestic work. Other data include number of Celtic speakers, literacy, religiosity, nativity (i.e., English-, Welsh-, Scottish-, Irish-, and French-born), sex ratio (female to male), birth rates, infant mortality rates, marriage rates, per capita income, and proportion of middle class.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1851 / 1966
    Time period: 1851--1966
  • 1969 / 1970
    Collection date: 1969--1970
Geographic Coverage
  • England
  • Global
  • Great Britain
  • Ireland
  • Northern Ireland
  • Scotland
  • United Kingdom
  • Wales
Sampled Universe
The population of British and Irish counties.
Data were collected for all 118 counties at 11 points in time between 1851 and 1966.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7533 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • McQuillan, Kevin. Economic factors and internal migration: The case of nineteenth-century England. Social Science History.4, (4), 479-499.1980.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hechter, Michael. Internal Colonialism: The Celtic Fringe in British National Development, 1536-1966. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1975.
  • Hechter, Michael. The political economy of ethnic change. American Journal of Sociology.79, (5), 1151-1178.1974.
    • ID: 10.1086/225675 (DOI)
  • Hechter, Michael. The persistence of regionalism in the British Isles, 1885-1966. American Journal of Sociology.79, (2), 319-343.1973.
    • ID: 10.1086/225549 (DOI)
  • Hechter, Michael. Industrialization and national development in the British Isles. Journal of Development Studies.8, (3), 155-182.1972.
    • ID: 10.1080/00220387208421418 (DOI)
  • Hechter, Michael. Towards a theory of ethnic change. Politics and Society.2, (1), 29-45.1971.
    • ID: 10.1177/003232927100200102 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Hechter, Michael (1984): Internal Colonialism Study: National Integration in the British Isles, 1851-1966. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.