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Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1981

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Current Population Survey Series
Publication Date
1984-06-28
Language
English
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; employment; Hispanic origins; households; income; job history; labor force; occupational mobility; population characteristics; population estimates; unemployment; working hours
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection supplies standard monthly labor force data as well as supplemental data on work experience, income, noncash benefits, and migration. Comprehensive information is given on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons 14 years old and older. Additional data are available for persons 15 years old and older concerning weeks worked and hours per week worked, reason not working full-time, total income and income components, and residence. This file also contains data covering noncash income sources such as food stamps, school lunch programs, employer-provided group health insurance plans, employer-provided pension plans, Medicaid, Medicare, and CHAMPUS or military health care. Information on demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, race, marital status, veteran status, educational attainment, and Hispanic origin, is available for each person in the household enumerated.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Dataset
    • DS2: Errata: User Note No. 4 Issued July 1989
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1981-03
  • Collection date: 1981-03
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons in the civilian noninstitutional population of the United States living in households and members of the armed forces living in civilian housing in 1981.
Sampling
A national probability sample was used in selecting housing units.
Collection Mode
  • (1) This hierarchical file contains 333,680 records. There are three record types: household, family, and person. Household records contain approximately 40 variables, family records contain approximately 78 variables, and person records contain approximately 220 variables. (2) All records contain weights, which must be used in any analysis. (3) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7535 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07535.v1
Publications
  • Sakamoto, Arthur, Kim, Changhwan. Is rising earnings inequality associated with increased exploitation? Evidence for U.S. manufacturing industries, 1971-1996. Sociological Perspectives.53, (1), 19-43.2010.
    • ID: 10.1525/sop.2010.53.1.19 (DOI)
  • Diprete, Thomas A., Buchmann, Claudia. Gender-specific trends in the value of education and the emerging gender gap in college completion. Demography.43, (1), 1-24.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2006.0003 (DOI)
  • Blanchflower, David G., Oswald, Andrew J.. The Wage Curve Reloaded. IZA Discussion Paper No. 1665.Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers?dp_id=1665 (URL)
  • Engelardt, Gary V., Gruber, Jonathan, Perry, Cynthia D.. Social security and elderly living arrangements: evidence from the social security notch. Journal of Human Resources.40, (2), 354-372.2005.
  • Grogger, Jeffrey. Time limits and welfare use. Journal of Human Resources.39, (2), 405-424.2004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3559020 (URL)
  • Hotchkiss, Julie L.. A closer look at the employment impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Journal of Human Resources.39, (4), 887-911.2004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3559031 (URL)
  • Sorensen, Elaine, Hill, Ariel. Single mothers and their child-support receipt: How well is child-support enforcement doing?. Journal of Human Resources.39, (1), 135-154.2004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3559008 (URL)
  • Pencavel, John. A Cohort Analysis of the Association between Work Hours and Wages Among Men. Journal of Human Resources.37, (2), 251-274.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069647 (URL)
  • Arias, Omar, McMahon, Walter W.. Dynamic Rates of Return to Education in the U.S.. Economics of Education Review.20, (2), 121-138.2001.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0272-7757(99)00067-9 (DOI)
  • Glied, Sherry, Stabile, Mark. Generation vexed: Age-cohort differences in employer-sponsored health insurance coverage. Health Affairs.20, (1), 184-191.2001.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.20.1.184 (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare Benefits and Female Headship in U.S. Time Series. Discussion Paper.1219-01, Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/pubs/dp121901.pdf (URL)
  • Rotolo, Thomas, McPherson, J. Miller. The System of Occupations: Modeling Occupations in Sociodemographic Space. Social Forces.79, (3), 1095-1130.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2001.0024 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Educational Attainment. Education Statistics Quarterly.2, (3), 73-75.2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2001/2001602.pdf (URL)
  • Balan, David J.. Three essays in personnel economics. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2000.
  • Black, Sandra, Juhn, Chinhui. The rise of female professionals: Are women responding to skill demand?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 450-455.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.450 (DOI)
  • Campbell, Mary E.. Payback Time: Racial, Ethnic and Gender Differences in the Effects of Education on Annual Income and Earned Income, 1976-1998. American Sociological Association. 2000.
  • Carrington, William J., McCue, Kristin, Pierce, Brooks. Using establishment size to measure the impact of Title VII and Affirmative Action. Journal of Human Resources.35, (3), 503-523.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146390 (URL)
  • Casper, Lynne M., Cohen, Philip N.. How does POSSLQ measure up? Historical estimates of cohabitation. Demography.37, (2), 237-245.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2648125 (URL)
  • DeFina, Robert H.. Changing Population Weights in a Decomposable Poverty Index. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.26, (1), 1-10.2000.
  • Even, William E., Macpherson, David A.. The Changing Distribution of Pension Coverage. Industrial Relations.39, (2), 199-227.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/0019-8676.00163 (DOI)
  • Gist, John R., Wu, Ke Bin. Income growth and inequality among aged and nonaged cohorts, 1975-96. Washington, DC: AARP Public Policy Institute. 2000.
  • Madrian, Brigitte C., Lefgren, Lars John. An Approach to Longitudinally Matching Current Population Survey (CPS) Respondents. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.26, (1), 31-62.2000.
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare benefits and female headship in U.S. time series. American Economic Review.90, (2), 373-377.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.373 (DOI)
  • Montgomery, Edward, Navin, John C.. Cross-state variation in Medicaid programs and female labor supply. Economic Inquiry.38, (3), 402-418.2000.
    • ID: 10.1093/ei/38.3.402 (DOI)
  • Poterba, James M., Venti, Steven F., Wise, David A.. Saver behavior and 401(k) retirement wealth. American Economic Review.90, (2), 297-302.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.297 (DOI)
  • Puzone, Carol A., Kresnow, Marcie-Jo, Thompson, Martie P., Mercy, James A.. Erratum. Violence Against Women.6, (10), 1179-1184.2000.
  • Puzone, Carol A., Saltman, Linda E., Kresnow, Marcie-Jo, Thompson, Martie P., Mercy, James A.. National trends in intimate partner homicide: United States, 1976-1995. Violence Against Women.6, (4), 409-426.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/10778010022181912 (DOI)
  • Shih, Y.C.. Trends in full-time pharmacists' labor market characteristics. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association.40, (1), 26-35.2000.
  • Welch, Finis. Growth in women's relative wages and in inequality among men: One phenomenon or two?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 444-449.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.444 (DOI)
  • Wirt, John. Educational Attainment . Indicator of the Month.NCES 2000-010, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000010.pdf (URL)
  • Wirt, John. Employment by Young Adults, by Educational Attainment. Indicator of the Month.NCES 2000-007, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000007.pdf (URL)
  • Wirt, John. Salaries of Teachers. Indicator of the Month.NCES 2000-011, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000011.pdf (URL)
  • (author unknown). Annual Earnings of Young Adults, by Educational Attainment. Education Statistics Quarterly.1, (3), 81-83.1999.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs99/1999629.pdf (URL)
  • Abraham, Katharine G., Speltzer, James R., Stewart, Jay C.. Trends in worker pay: What do the data show? Why do different wage series tell different stories?. American Economic Review.89, (2), 34-39.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.2.34 (DOI)
  • Barrow, Lisa. Child care costs and the return-to-work decisions of new mothers. Economic Perspectives (Chicago).23, (4), 42-55.1999.
  • Berry, Steven, Levinsohn, James, Pakes, Ariel. Voluntary export restraints on automobiles: Evaluating a trade policy. American Economic Review.89, (3), 400-430.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.3.400 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Philip N., Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Marriage, children, and women's employment: What do we know?. Monthly Labor Review.122, (12), 22-31.1999.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1999/12/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Cotter, David A., Hermsen, Joan M., Vanneman, Reeve. Systems of Gender, Race, and Class Inequality: Multilevel Analyses. Social Forces.78, (2), 433-460.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3005563 (URL)
  • Ellis, W. Philip. The effects of taxing unemployment benefits. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 1999.
  • Goldberg, Linda, Tracy, Joseph, Aaronson, Stephanie. Exchange rates and employment instability: Evidence from matched CPS data. American Economic Review.89, (2), 204-210.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.2.204 (DOI)
  • Hoynes, Hilary. The Employment, Earnings, and Income of Less Skilled Workers Over the Business Cycle. NBER Working Paper Series.7188, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w7188.pdf (URL)
  • Kronick, Richard, Gilmer, Todd. Explaining the decline in health insurance coverage, 1979-1995. Health Affairs.18, (2), 30-47.1999.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.18.2.30 (DOI)
  • Leslie, Phillip J.. Essays in applied microeconometric analysis. Dissertation, Yale University. 1999.
  • Lombard, Karen V.. Women's rising market opportunities and increased labor force participation. Economic Inquiry.37, (2), 195-212.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1999.tb01425.x (DOI)
  • Manser, Marilyn E., Picot, Garnett. The role of self-employment in U.S. and Canadian job growth. Monthly Labor Review.122, (4), 10-25.1999.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1999/04/art2full.pdf (URL)
  • Maume, David J., Jr.. Glass ceilings and glass escalators. Work and Occupations.26, (4), 483-509.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888499026004005 (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert. The effect of pre-PRWORA waivers on AFDC caseloads and female earnings, income, and labor force behavior. Economic Conditions and Welfare Reform.Kalamazoo: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 1999.
  • Park, Neung Hoo, Gilbert, Neil. Social Security and the incremental privatization of retirement income. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare.26, (2), 187-202.1999.
  • Peoples, James, Peteraf, Margaret. The effects of regulatory reform on company drivers and owner operators in the for-hire and private sectors. Transportation Journal.38, (3), 5-17.1999.
  • Pryor, Frederic L.. The impact of foreign trade on the employment of unskilled U.S. workers: Some new evidence. Southern Economic Journal.65, (3), 472-492.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1060810 (URL)
  • Pryor, Fredric L., Shaffer, David L.. Who's Not Working and Why: Employment, Cognitive Skills, Wages, and the Changing U.S. Labor Market. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1999.
  • (author unknown). The State of the South, 1998: A Report to the Region and Its Leadership. Chapel Hill, NC: MDC. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.mdcinc.org/pdfs/S_of_s.pdf (URL)
  • Abraham, Katharine G., Spletzer, James R., Stewart, Jay C.. Divergent trends in alternative real wage series. Labor Statistics Measurement Issues.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1998.
  • Bavier, Richard. Rising income among families with members receiving aid to families with Dependent children (AFDC). Journal of Human Resources.33, (4), 1003-1016.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146407 (URL)
  • Butcher, Kristin R., Piehl, Anne Morrison. Cross-city evidence on the relationship between immigration and crime. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.17, (3), 457-493.1998.
    • ID: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6688(199822)17:3<457::AID-PAM4>3.0.CO;2-F (DOI)
  • Darity, William A., Jr., Myers, Samuel L., Jr.. Persistent Disparity: Race and Economic Inequality in the United States since 1945. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. 1998.
  • Findeis, Jill L., Jensen, Leif. Employment Opportunities in Rural Areas: Implications for Poverty in a Changing Policy Environment. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.80, (5), 1000-1007.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1244194 (URL)
  • Freeman, Richard B., Waldfogel, Jane. Dunning Delinquent Dads: The Effects of Child Support Enforcement Policy on Child Support Receipts by Never Married Women. NBER Working Paper Series.6664, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w6664.pdf (URL)
  • Fuchs, Victor R.. Provide, provide: The economics of aging. NBER Working Paper Series.6642, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w6642.pdf (URL)
  • Haveman, Robert, Bershadker, Andrew. Self-reliance as a poverty criterion: Tends in earnings-capacity poverty, 1975-1992. American Economic Review.88, (2), 342-347.1998.
  • Hendricks, Wallace. Labor negotiations with regional monopolies: The telecommunication industry. Regulatory Reform and Labor Markets.Norwell: Kluwer. 1998.
  • Heywood, John S.. Regulated industries and measures of earnings discrimination. Regulatory Reform and Labor Markets.Norwell: Kluwer. 1998.
  • Hirsch, Barry T., Mapheron, David A.. Earnings and employment in trucking: Deregulating a naturally competitive industry. Regulatory Reform and Labor Markets.Norwell: Kluwer. 1998.
  • London, Rebecca. Trends in Single Mothers' Living Arrangements from 1970 to 1995: Correcting the Current Population Survey. Demography.35, (1), 125-131.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3004032 (URL)
  • Macunovich, Diane J.. Relative cohort size and inequality in the United States. American Economic Review.88, (2), 259-264.1998.
  • Pencavel, John. The market work behavior and wages of women: 1975-94. Journal of Human Resources.33, (4), 771-804.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146398 (URL)
  • Peoples, James. Deregulation and the labor market. Journal of Economic Perspectives.12, (3), 111-130.1998.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.12.3.111 (DOI)
  • Radner, Daniel B.. The retirement prospects of the baby boom generation. Social Security Bulletin.61, (1), 3-19.1998.
  • Segal, Lewis M., Sullivan, Daniel G.. Trends in homeownership: Race, demographics, and income. Economic Perspectives (Chicago).22, (2), 53-72.1998.
  • Triest, Robert K.. Has poverty gotten worse?. Journal of Economic Perspectives.12, (1), 97-114.1998.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.12.1.97 (DOI)
  • Bernstein, Jared, Mishel, Lawrence. Has wage inequality stopped growing?. Monthly Labor Review.120, (12), 3-16.1997.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1997/12/art1full.pdf (URL)
  • Bishop, John A., Formby, John P., Smith, W. James. Demographic change and income inequality in the United States, 1976-1989. Southern Economic Journal.64, (1), 34-44.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1061035 (URL)
  • Card, David, Hyslop, Dean. Does inflation 'grease the wheels of the labor market'?. Reducing Inflation: Motivation and Strategy.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1997.
  • Choi, Namkee G.. Racial differences in retirement income: The roles of public and private income sources. Journal of Aging and Social Policy.9, (3), 21-42.1997.
    • ID: 10.1300/J031v09n03_02 (DOI)
  • Ferrall, Christopher. Empirical analysis of occupational hierarchies. Journal of Human Resources.32, (1), 1-34.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146239 (URL)
  • Gensler, Howard J., Walls, W. David. Labor force and welfare program participation: The effects of welfare. American Journal of Economics and Sociology.56, (2), 229-241.1997.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.1997.tb03463.x (DOI)
  • Hayghe, Howard V.. Developments in women's labor force participation. Monthly Labor Review.120, (9), 41-46.1997.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1997/09/art6full.pdf (URL)
  • Hirsch, Barry T., MacPherson, David A., Dumond, J. Michael. Workers' compensation recipiency in union and nonunion workplaces. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.50, (2), 213-236.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2525083 (URL)
  • Jacobs, Eva H.. Handbook of U.S. Labor Statistics: Employment, Earnings, Prices, Productivity, and Other Labor Data. U.S. Databook Series.Lanham: Bernan Press. 1997.
  • Jacobs, Jerry A., Qian, Zhenchao. The Mobility Patterns of Part-Time Workers. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.15, 29-56.1997.
  • Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin M.. Wage Inequality and Family Labor Supply. Journal of Labor Economics.15, (1), 72-97.1997.
    • ID: 10.1086/209847 (DOI)
  • Matthews, Stephen, Ribar, David, Wilhelm, Mark. The effects of economic conditions and access to reproductive health services on state abortion rates and birthrates. Family Planning Perspectives.29, (2), 52-60.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2953362 (URL)
  • Schumacher, Edward J., Hirsch, Barry T.. Compensating differentials and unmeasured ability in the labor market for nurses: Why do hospitals pay more?. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.50, (4), 557-579.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2525262 (URL)
  • Schweitzer, Mark E.. Workforce composition and earnings inequality. Economic Review - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.33, (2), 13-24.1997.
  • Stewart, Jay. Has Job Mobility Increased? Evidence from the Current Population Survey: 1975-1995. Photocopied document. 1997.
  • Alsalam, Nabeel. The Cost of Higher Education. Findings from the Condition of Education, 1995.NCES 96-769, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96769.pdf (URL)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Davis, Steven J.. Relative Wage Movements and the Distribution of Consumption. Journal of Political Economy.104, (6), 1227-1262.1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/262058 (DOI)
  • Besl, John R., Kale, Balkrishna D.. Older workers in the 21st century: Active and educated, a case study. Monthly Labor Review.119, (6), 18-28.1996.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1996/06/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Blanchflower, David G., Oswald, Andrew J., Sanfey, Peter. Wages, Profits, and Rent-Sharing. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (1), 227-251.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2946663 (URL)
  • Buckberg, Elaine, Thomas, Alun. Wage dispersion in the 1980s: Resurrecting the role of trade through the effects of durable employment changes. International Monetary Fund. Staff Papers.43, (2), 336 -1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3867400 (URL)
  • Card, David, Hyslop, Dean. Does Inflation 'Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market'?. NBER Working Paper Series.5538, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1996.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w5538.pdf (URL)
  • Choi, Namkee G.. Changes in composition of unmarried elderly women's households between 1971 and 1991. Journal of Gerontological Social Work.27, (1-2), 113-131.1996.
    • ID: 10.1300/J083v27n01_08 (DOI)
  • Choi, Namkee G.. Changes in the living arrangements, work patterns, and economic status of middle-aged single women: 1971-1991. Affilia.11, (2), 164-178.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/088610999601100203 (DOI)
  • Currie, Janet, Gruber, Jonathan. Saving Babies: The Efficacy and Cost of Recent Changes in the Medicaid Eligibility of Pregnant Women. Journal of Political Economy.104, (6), 1263-1296.1996.
    • ID: 10.1086/262059 (DOI)
  • Gensler, Howard. Comparison of the effect of welfare programme features on welfare participation: one- and two-parent families. Applied Economics.28, (7), 791 -1996.
    • ID: 10.1080/000368496328227 (DOI)
  • Gensler, Howard. The Effect of Welfare on Migration. Social Science Research.25, (3), 281-291.1996.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.1996.0013 (DOI)
  • Gensler, Howard. The effect of welfare on high school graduation. Cato Journal.16, (2), 245-252.1996.
  • Henretta, John C., Lee, Hyunkee. Cohort differences in men's late-life labor force participation. Work and Occupations.23, (2), 214-235.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888496023002005 (DOI)
  • Himmelstein, David U., Lewontin, James. Medical care employment in the United States, 1968 to 1993: The importance of health sector jobs for African Americans and women. American Journal of Public Health.86, (4), 525-528.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.4.525 (DOI)
  • Himmelstein, David U., Lewontin, James P., Woolhandler, Steffie. Who administers? Who cares? Medical administrative and clinical employment in the United States and Canada. American Journal of Public Health.86, (2), 172-178.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.2.172 (DOI)
  • Levenson, Alec R.. Recent Trends in Part-Time Employment. Contemporary Economic Policy.14, (4), 78-89.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1996.tb00635.x (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert, Ribar, David, Wilhelm, Mark. The Decline of Welfare Benefits in the U.S.: The Role of Wage Inequality. NBER Working Paper Series.5774, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1996.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w5774.pdf (URL)
  • Morris, Martina. Vive la Difference! Continuity and Change in the Gender Wage Gap, 1967-1987. Social Differentiation and Social Inequality: Essays in Honor of John Pock.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1996.
  • Peoples, James, Robinson, Rhonda. Market structure and racial and gender discrimination: Evidence from the telecommunication industry. American Journal of Economics and Sociology.55, (3), 309-324.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.1996.tb02313.x (DOI)
  • Robins, Philip K., Fronstin, Paul. Welfare Benefits and Birth Decisions of Never-Married Women. Population Research and Policy Review.15, (1), 21-43.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00156741 (DOI)
  • Serow, William J.. Demographic and Socioeconomic Aspects of Elderly Migration in the 1980s. Journal of Aging and Social Policy.8, (1), 19-38.1996.
    • ID: 10.1300/J031v08n01_04 (DOI)
  • Bernhardt, Annette, Morris, Martina, Handcock, Mark S.. Women's Gains or Men's Losses? A Closer Look at the Shrinking Gender Gap in Earnings. American Journal of Sociology.101, (2), 302-328.1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/230726 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J., Ramey, Valerie A.. Foreign Competition, Market Power, and Wage Inequality. Quarterly Journal of Economics.110, (4), 1075-1110.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2946649 (URL)
  • Buchinsky, Moshe. Quantile regression, Box-Cox transformation model, and the W.S. wage structure, 1963-1987. Journal of Econometrics.65, (1), 109-154.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0304-4076(94)01599-U (DOI)
  • Burtless, Gary. Employment prospects of welfare recipients. The Work Alternative: Welfare Reform and the Realities of the Job Market.Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press. 1995.
  • Card, David E., Krueger, Alan B.. Myth and measurement: The new economics of the minimum wage. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1995.
  • Deardorff, Alan V., Haveman, Jon D.. The effects of U.S. trade laws on poverty in America. Journal of Human Resources.30, (4), 807-825.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146233 (URL)
  • Devine, Theresa J.. CPS Earnings Data for the Self-Employed: Words of Caution for Use and Interpretation. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.21, (3), 213-248.1995.
  • Gallaway, Lowell. Public Policy and Part-Time Employment. Journal of Labor Research.16, (3), 305-314.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685758 (DOI)
  • Gensler, Howard. Child welfare allocations: State-level estimates of effective guarantees. American Journal of Economics and Sociology.54, (4), 385-396.1995.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.1995.tb03241.x (DOI)
  • Gensler, Howard. The effect of race and sex on welfare benefits. Cato Journal.15, (2-3), 215-229.1995.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1981. Archival Version. Current Population Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07535