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Roll Calls of the Continental Congresses and the Congresses of the Confederation, 1777-1789

Resource Type
Dataset : roll call data
  • Lord, Clifford L.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Works Projects Administration
Free Keywords
American Colonies; Continental Congresses (USA); eighteenth century; legislative bodies; legislators; political history; roll call data; roll call voting records; United States Congress
  • Abstract

    This dataset includes 1,593 roll calls taken in the Continental Congresses of the Confederation in the years 1777-1789. The data were originally collected as part of the Historical Records Surveys, sponsored by the Works Project Administration and carried out by the state of New Jersey and the city of New York in 1938-1942. The unit of analysis in the file is the delegate, an individual member of the state delegation. The vote outcomes were determined by the unit rule. It is believed that the file includes virtually all roll calls for which individual delegate votes are available in the historical record. Characteristics of the 1,593 roll calls are included in the data, e.g., motion description, date, whether the motion passed, state vote total, delegate vote total, and source. Also included is delegate's name, state, and roll call vote, coded as yea, nay, not voting, or name not given in the list of those voting. Data were keypunched by ICPSR staff from Clifford L. Lord, ed. ATLAS OF CONGRESSIONAL ROLL CALLS, VOL. I: THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESSES AND THE CONGRESSES OF THE CONFEDERATION, 1777-1789. New York, NY: New York State Historical Association, 1943. An extensive discussion of the work procedures followed by Lord and documentation of sources used is available in the Atlas.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1777 / 1789
    Time period: 1777--1789
  • 1938 / 1942
    Collection date: 1938--1942
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Individual members of the state delegations in the Continental Congresses and the Congresses of the Confederation from 1777 to 1789.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7537 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Dougherty, Keith L., Edward, Julian. Voting for Pareto optimality: A multidimensional analysis. Public Choice.151, (3/4), 655-678.2012.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Lord, Clifford L. (1984): Roll Calls of the Continental Congresses and the Congresses of the Confederation, 1777-1789. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.