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Free Press, Fair Trial Data, 1970

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and aggregate data
  • Nagel, Stuart S.
  • Eimermann, Thomas
  • Reinbolt, Kathleen
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
attitudes; attorneys; criminal justice policy; fair trial-free press; freedom of the press; freedom of information; media coverage; news media; opinions; pretrial procedures; pretrial publicity; trial procedures; trials; United States
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains information gathered in a 1970 survey of 623 newspaper editors, police chiefs, bar associations, prosecuting attorneys, and defense attorneys from a sample of 166 cities across the country. The study's research objectives were to develop a model for determining the optimum mix of free press and fair trial in pending criminal cases, to compare alternative procedures for handling the free press/fair trial problem, and to compare the attitudes and procedures of the various decisionmakers involved. Information gathered in the survey includes: (1) the degree of pretrial press publicity allowed on pending criminal cases, (2) relevant attitudes and opinions, especially concerning ways of reducing the adverse effects of pretrial publicity while still having an informed public (e.g., the degree to which the public needs to know the details of criminal proceedings, whether the traditional legal remedies of change of venue, voir dire, sequestering, etc., are adequate to neutralize the effects of possibly prejudicial news coverage, and whether the American Bar Association's restrictions on the extent of information lawyers can release represents an infringement upon the people's right to know), (3) the benefits seen as derived from news coverage of criminal cases, and (4) prevailing pretrial procedures by editors, police, prosecutors, defense attorneys, and judges. Demographic data (e.g., population, region, and whether an SMSA or not) about the 106 cities represented in the survey are also included in the file.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1970
  • 1967 / 1970
    Collection date: 1967--1970
Sampled Universe
Newspaper editors, police chiefs, bar associations, prosecuting attorneys, and defense attorneys in the United States.
Newspaper editors, police chiefs, bar associations, prosecuting attorneys, and defense attorneys from a sample of 166 cities across the country were sent questionnaires in the mail. Fifty-four percent of the newspaper editors responded, 50 percent of the prosecuting attorneys, and 48 percent of the defense attorneys, representing almost all 50 states.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Different questions were posed to different sets of respondents. Responses to their individual questionnaires are all combined in one data file. (2) This codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7541 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07541.v1
  • Alsalam, Nabeel. The Cost of Higher Education. Findings from the Condition of Education, 1995.NCES 96-769, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Nagel, Stuart S., Neef, Marian. The Legal Process: Modeling the System. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 1977.
  • Nagel, Stuart S., Neef, Marian G.. Legal Policy Analysis: Finding an Optimum Level or Mix. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books. 1977.
  • Nagel, Stuart S., Reinbolt, K., Eimermann, Thomas E.. Free press--fair trial controversy: Using empirical analysis to strike a desirable balance. Saint Louis University Law Journal.20, 646-653.1976.
  • Nagel, Stuart S., Reinbolt, K., Eimermann, Thomas E.. A linear programming approach to problems of conflicting legal values like free press versus fair trial. Rutgers Journal of Computers and the Law.4, (2), 420-461.1975.
  • Eimermann, Thomas E.. Free Press, Fair Trial: An Empirical Look at the Problem and Its Solution. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 1971.
  • Eimermann, Thomas Edward. Free Press - Fair Trial: An Empirical Look at the Problem and its Solution. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champagne. 1971.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Nagel, Stuart S.; Eimermann, Thomas; Reinbolt, Kathleen (1984): Free Press, Fair Trial Data, 1970. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.