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Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1970

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Current Population Survey Series
Publication Date
1984-06-28
Language
English
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; employment; Hispanic origins; households; income; job history; labor force; occupational mobility; population characteristics; population estimates; unemployment; working hours
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection supplies standard monthly labor force data as well as supplemental data on work experience, income, and migration. Comprehensive information is given on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons 14 years old and older. Additional data are available concerning weeks worked and hours per week worked, reason not working full-time, total income and income components, and residence. Information on demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, race, educational attainment, marital status, veteran status, household relationship, and Hispanic origin, is available for each person in the household enumerated.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1970-03
  • Collection date: 1970-03
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons in the civilian noninstitutional population of the United States living in households and members of the armed forces living in civilian housing units in 1970.
Sampling
A national probability sample was used in selecting housing units.
Collection Mode
  • (1) This data file is rectangular. It consists of combined family and individual records. (2) Each family and person record contains a weight, which must be used in any analysis.

Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7561 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07561.v1
Publications
  • Diprete, Thomas A., Buchmann, Claudia. Gender-specific trends in the value of education and the emerging gender gap in college completion. Demography.43, (1), 1-24.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2006.0003 (DOI)
  • Pencavel, John. A Cohort Analysis of the Association between Work Hours and Wages Among Men. Journal of Human Resources.37, (2), 251-274.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069647 (URL)
  • Arias, Omar, McMahon, Walter W.. Dynamic Rates of Return to Education in the U.S.. Economics of Education Review.20, (2), 121-138.2001.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0272-7757(99)00067-9 (DOI)
  • Jacobs, Jerry A., Gerson, Kathleen. Overworked Individuals or Overworked Families? Explaining Trends in Work, Leisure, and Family Time. Work and Occupations.28, (1), 40-63.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888401028001004 (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare Benefits and Female Headship in U.S. Time Series. Discussion Paper.1219-01, Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/irp/pubs/dp121901.pdf (URL)
  • Reed, Deborah. Immigration and Males' Earnings Inequality in the Regions of the United States. Demography.38, (3), 363-373.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0029 (DOI)
  • Black, Sandra, Juhn, Chinhui. The rise of female professionals: Are women responding to skill demand?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 450-455.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.450 (DOI)
  • Carrington, William J., McCue, Kristin, Pierce, Brooks. Using establishment size to measure the impact of Title VII and Affirmative Action. Journal of Human Resources.35, (3), 503-523.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146390 (URL)
  • Decker, Sandra L.. Medicaid, AFDC and Family Formation. Applied Economics.32, (15), 1947-1956.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/00036840050155878 (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare benefits and female headship in U.S. time series. American Economic Review.90, (2), 373-377.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.373 (DOI)
  • Poterba, James M., Venti, Steven F., Wise, David A.. Saver behavior and 401(k) retirement wealth. American Economic Review.90, (2), 297-302.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.297 (DOI)
  • Shih, Y.C.. Trends in full-time pharmacists' labor market characteristics. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association.40, (1), 26-35.2000.
  • Welch, Finis. Growth in women's relative wages and in inequality among men: One phenomenon or two?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 444-449.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.444 (DOI)
  • Zheng, Buhong, Formby, John P., Smith, W. James, Chow, Victor K.. Inequality orderings, normalized stochastic dominance, and statistical inference. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics.18, (4), 479-488.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1392228 (URL)
  • Abraham, Katharine G., Speltzer, James R., Stewart, Jay C.. Trends in worker pay: What do the data show? Why do different wage series tell different stories?. American Economic Review.89, (2), 34-39.1999.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.89.2.34 (DOI)
  • Cotter, David A., Hermsen, Joan M., Vanneman, Reeve. Systems of Gender, Race, and Class Inequality: Multilevel Analyses. Social Forces.78, (2), 433-460.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3005563 (URL)
  • Pryor, Fredric L., Shaffer, David L.. Who's Not Working and Why: Employment, Cognitive Skills, Wages, and the Changing U.S. Labor Market. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1999.
  • Wirt, John. Annual Earnings of Young Adults, by Educational Attainment. Indicator of the Month.NCES 1999-009, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs99/1999009.pdf (URL)
  • Blau, Francine D.. Trends in the Well-Being of American Women, 1970-1995. Journal of Economic Literature.36, (1), 112-165.1998.
  • Carnevale, Anthony P., Rose, Stephen J.. Education for What? The New Office Economy, Technical Report. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.ets.org/research/dload/EdTechRpt.pdf (URL)
  • Chay, Kenneth Y.. The impact of federal civil rights policy on black economic progress: Evidence from the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.51, (4), 608-632.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2525011 (URL)
  • Darity, William A., Jr., Myers, Samuel L., Jr.. Persistent Disparity: Race and Economic Inequality in the United States since 1945. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. 1998.
  • Findeis, Jill L., Jensen, Leif. Employment Opportunities in Rural Areas: Implications for Poverty in a Changing Policy Environment. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.80, (5), 1000-1007.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1244194 (URL)
  • London, Rebecca. Trends in Single Mothers' Living Arrangements from 1970 to 1995: Correcting the Current Population Survey. Demography.35, (1), 125-131.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3004032 (URL)
  • Macunovich, Diane J.. Relative cohort size and inequality in the United States. American Economic Review.88, (2), 259-264.1998.
  • Ozawa, Martha N., Kim, Rebecca Y.. The declining economic fortunes of children in comparison to adults and elderly people. Social Work Research.22, (1), 14-30.1998.
    • ID: 10.1093/swr/22.1.14 (DOI)
  • Ferrall, Christopher. Empirical analysis of occupational hierarchies. Journal of Human Resources.32, (1), 1-34.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146239 (URL)
  • Jacobs, Eva H.. Handbook of U.S. Labor Statistics: Employment, Earnings, Prices, Productivity, and Other Labor Data. U.S. Databook Series.Lanham: Bernan Press. 1997.
  • Jacobs, Jerry A., Qian, Zhenchao. The Mobility Patterns of Part-Time Workers. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.15, 29-56.1997.
  • Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin M.. Wage Inequality and Family Labor Supply. Journal of Labor Economics.15, (1), 72-97.1997.
    • ID: 10.1086/209847 (DOI)
  • Alsalam, Nabeel. The Cost of Higher Education. Findings from the Condition of Education, 1995.NCES 96-769, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96769.pdf (URL)
  • Blanchflower, David G., Oswald, Andrew J., Sanfey, Peter. Wages, Profits, and Rent-Sharing. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (1), 227-251.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2946663 (URL)
  • Hayward, Mark D., Friedman, Samantha, Hsinmu Chen. Race inequities in men's retirement. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.51, (Bn1), S1 -1996.
  • Henretta, John C., Lee, Hyunkee. Cohort differences in men's late-life labor force participation. Work and Occupations.23, (2), 214-235.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888496023002005 (DOI)
  • Himmelstein, David U., Lewontin, James. Medical care employment in the United States, 1968 to 1993: The importance of health sector jobs for African Americans and women. American Journal of Public Health.86, (4), 525-528.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.4.525 (DOI)
  • Himmelstein, David U., Lewontin, James P., Woolhandler, Steffie. Who administers? Who cares? Medical administrative and clinical employment in the United States and Canada. American Journal of Public Health.86, (2), 172-178.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.2.172 (DOI)
  • Levenson, Alec R.. Recent Trends in Part-Time Employment. Contemporary Economic Policy.14, (4), 78-89.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1996.tb00635.x (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert, Ribar, David, Wilhelm, Mark. The Decline of Welfare Benefits in the U.S.: The Role of Wage Inequality. NBER Working Paper Series.5774, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1996.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w5774.pdf (URL)
  • Morris, Martina. Vive la Difference! Continuity and Change in the Gender Wage Gap, 1967-1987. Social Differentiation and Social Inequality: Essays in Honor of John Pock.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1996.
  • Bernhardt, Annette, Morris, Martina, Handcock, Mark S.. Women's Gains or Men's Losses? A Closer Look at the Shrinking Gender Gap in Earnings. American Journal of Sociology.101, (2), 302-328.1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/230726 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J., Ramey, Valerie A.. Foreign Competition, Market Power, and Wage Inequality. Quarterly Journal of Economics.110, (4), 1075-1110.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2946649 (URL)
  • Buchinsky, Moshe. Quantile regression, Box-Cox transformation model, and the W.S. wage structure, 1963-1987. Journal of Econometrics.65, (1), 109-154.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0304-4076(94)01599-U (DOI)
  • Karoly, Lynn A., Burtless, Gary. Demographic Change, Rising Earnings Inequality, and the Distribution of Personal Well-Being, 1959-1989. Demography.32, (3), 379-406.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2061687 (URL)
  • Larson, Tom, Ong, Paul M.. A critique of the contingent labor thesis: a reply to 'comment on T. Larson and P. Ong, imbalance in part-time employment'. Journal of Economic Issues.29, (4), 1201 -1995.
  • Macunovich, Diane J.. The Butz-Ward fertility model in the light of more recent data. Journal of Human Resources.30, (2), 229-255.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146118 (URL)
  • Macunovich, Diane J., Easterlin, Richard A., Schaeffer, Christine M., Crimmins, Eileen M.. Echoes of the baby boom and bust: Recent and prospective changes in living alone among elderly widows in the United States. Demography.32, (1), 17-28.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2061894 (URL)
  • Peracchi, Franco, Welch, Finis. How representative are matched cross-sections? Evidence from the Current Population Survey. Journal of Econometrics.68, (1), 153-179.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/0304-4076(94)01647-I (DOI)
  • Smith, Thomas. The Educational Progress of Women. Findings from the Condition of Education, 1995.NCES 96-768, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1995.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96768.pdf (URL)
  • Snider, Sarah. Characteristics of the part-time work force and part-time employee participation in health and pension benefits. Journal of Labor Research.16, (3), 239-248.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685753 (DOI)
  • Wilson, Franklin D., Tienda, Marta, Wu, Lawrence. Race and unemployment: Labor market experiences of black and white men, 1968-1988. Work and Occupations.22, (3), 245-270.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888495022003002 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J., Ramey, Valerie A.. Time-series evidence on the sources of trends in wage inequality. American Economic Review.84, 10-16.1994.
  • Grissmer, David W., Kirby, Sheila Nataraj, Berends, Mark, Williamson, Stephanie. Student Achievement and the Changing American Family. Research Brief.Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation, Institute on Education and Training. 1994.
  • Hendricks, Wallace. Deregulation and labor earnings. Journal of Labor Research.15, (31), 207-234.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02685767 (DOI)
  • Larson, Tom, Ong, Paul M.. Imbalance in part-time employment. Journal of Economic Issues.28, (1), 187 -1994.
  • Leete, Laura, Schor, Juliet B.. Assessing the time-squeeze hypothesis: Hours worked in the United States, 1969-89. Industrial Relations.33, (1), 25-43.1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-232X.1994.tb00325.x (DOI)
  • Moffitt, Robert A.. Welfare Effects on Female Headship With Area Effects. Journal of Human Resources.29, (2), 621-636.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146113 (URL)
  • Peracchi, Franco, Welch, Finis. Trends in labor force transitions of older men and women. Journal of Labor Economics.12, (2), 210-242.1994.
    • ID: 10.1086/298356 (DOI)
  • Raffalovich, Lawrence E.. Stability and Variability of Between-Occupation Earnings Inequality: A Segmented Labor-Market Approach. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.13, 265-285.1994.
  • Blank, Rebecca M., Card, David. Poverty, income distribution, and growth: Are they still connected?. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.(2), 285-339.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534568 (URL)
  • Burkhauser, Richard V., Haveman, Robert H., Wolfe, Barbara L.. How people with disabilities fare when pulic policies change. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.12, (2), 251-269.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3325235 (URL)
  • Easterlin, Richard A., Schaeffer, Christine M., Macunovich, Diane J.. Will the Baby Boomers Be Less Well Off Than Their Parents? Income, Wealth, and Family Circumstances over the Life Cycle in the United States. Population and Development Review.19, (3), 497-522.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2938464 (URL)
  • Hoppe, Robert. Poverty in Rural America: Trends and Demographic Characteristics. Persistent Poverty in Rural America.Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 1993.
  • Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin M., Pierce, Brooks. Wage inequality and the rise in returns to skill. Journal of Political Economy.101, (3), 410-442.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/261881 (DOI)
  • Karoly, Lynn A.. The trend in inequality among families, individuals, and workers in the United States: A twenty-five year perspective. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America.New York: Russell Sage. 1993.
  • Mayer, Susan, Jencks, Christopher. Recent trends in economic inequality in the United States: Income versus expenditure versus material wellbeing. Poverty and Prosperity in the U.S.A. the late twentieth century.New York: St. Martin's. 1993.
  • Ports, Michelle Harrison. Trends in job search methods, 1970-92. Monthly Labor Review.116, (10), 63-67.1993.
  • Raffalovich, Lawrence E.. Structural sources of change in earnings inequality: Evidence from the Current Population Survey: 1967-1981. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.Greenwich: JAI Press. 1993.
  • Topel, Robert. What have we learned from empirical studies of unemployment and turnover?. American Economic Review.83, (2), 110-115.1993.
  • (author unknown). Workers with low earnings: 1964 to 1990. Family Economics Review.5, (4), 32-33.1992.
  • Borjas, George J., Freeman, Richard B., Katz, Lawrence. On the labor market effects of immigration and trade. Immigration and the Work Force: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas.Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1992.
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary. Effects of Tax Reform on Labor Supply, Investment, and Saving. Journal of Economic Perspectives.6, (1), 3-25.1992.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.6.1.3 (DOI)
  • Gendell, Murray, Siegel, Jacob S.. Trends in retirement age by sex, 1950-2005. Monthly Labor Review.115, (7), 22-29.1992.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1992/07/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Hecker, Daniel E.. Reconciling conflicting data on jobs for college graduates. Monthly Labor Review.115, (7), 3-12.1992.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1992/07/art1full.pdf (URL)
  • Karoly, Lynn A.. Changes in the Distribution of Individual Earnings in the U.S.: 1967-1986. Review of Economics and Statistics.74, (1), 107-115.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2109548 (URL)
  • Katz, Lawrence F., Murphy, Kevin M.. Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987: Supply and Demand Factors. Quarterly Journal of Economics.107, (1), 35-78.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2118323 (URL)
  • Levy, Frank, Murnane, Richard J.. U.S. Earnings Levels and Earnings Inequality: A Review of Recent Trends and Proposed Explanations. Journal of Economic Literature.30, (3), 1333-1381.1992.
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Welch, Finis. The Structure of Wages. Quarterly Journal of Economics.107, (1), 285-326.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2118330 (URL)
  • Tolbert, Charles M., Lyson, Thomas A.. Earnings Inequality in the Nonmetropolitan United States: 1967-1990. Rural Sociology.57, (4), 494-511.1992.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1549-0831.1992.tb00475.x (DOI)
  • Xie, Yu. The Socioeconomic Status of Young Male Veterans, 1964-1984. Social Science Quarterly.73, (2), 379-396.1992.
  • Bishop, John A., Chow, K. Victor, Formby, John P.. A Stochastic Dominance Analysis of Growth, Recessions and the U.S. Income Distribution, 1967-1986. Southern Economic Journal.57, (4), 936 -1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1060324 (URL)
  • Blank, Rebecca M., Card, David E.. Recent Trends in Insured and Uninsured Unemployment: Is There an Explanation?. Quarterly Journal of Economics.106, (4), 1157-1189.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2937960 (URL)
  • Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin M., Topel, Robert H.. Why has the natural rate of unemployment increased over time?. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1991, (2), 75-126.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534590 (URL)
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Welch, Finis. The role of international trade in wage differentials. Workers and Their Wages: Changing Patterns in the United States.Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute. 1991.
  • Schor, Juliet B.. The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline of Leisure. New York: Basic Books. 1991.
  • Blanchard, Olivier Jean, Diamond, Peter. The cyclical behavior of the gross flows of U.S. workers. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.1990, (2), 85-143.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534505 (URL)
  • Blank, Rebecca. Are part-time jobs bad jobs?. A Future of Lousy Jobs?.Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Pres. 1990.
  • Easterlin, Richard A., Macdonald, Christine, Macunovich, Diane J.. Retirement Prospects of the Baby Boom Generation: A Different Perspective. Gerontologist.30, (6), 776-783.1990.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/30.6.776 (DOI)
  • Levy, Frank, Michel, Richard. Notes on the Changing Economic Status of Children in the United States: 1970-1985. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1990.
  • Macunovich, Diane J., Easterlin, Richard A.. How Parents Have Coped: The Effect of Life Cycle Demographic Decisions on the Economic Status of Pre-School Age Children, 1964-87. Population and Development Review.16, (2), 301-325.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1971592 (URL)
  • Maxwell, Nan L.. Changing Female Labor Force Participation: Influences on Income Inequality and Distribution. Social Forces.68, (4), 1251-1266.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579143 (URL)
  • Vroman, Wayne. Black Men's Relative Earnings: Are the Gains Illusory?. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.44, (1), 83-98.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2523431 (URL)
  • Wolfe, Barbara L., Haveman, Robert. Trends in the prevalence of work disability from 1962 to 1984, and their correlates. Milbank Quarterly.68, (1), 53-80.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3350077 (URL)
  • Zalokar, Nadja. The Economic Status of Black Women: An Exploratory Investigation. Washington, DC: United States Commission on Civil Rights. 1990.
  • Berger, Mark C.. Demographic Cycles, Cohort Size, and Earnings. Demography.26, (2), 311 -1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2061528 (URL)
  • Bound, John, Freeman, Richard B.. Black economic progress: Erosion of the post-1965 gains in the 1980s?. The Question of Discrimination: Racial Inequality in the U.S. Labor Market.Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press. 1989.
  • Evans, David, Leighton, Linda. Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship. American Economic Review.79, (3), 519-535.1989.
  • Lichter, Daniel T.. Race, employment hardship, and the inequality in the American nonmetropolitan South. American Sociological Review.54, (3), 436-446.1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095615 (URL)
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Welch, Finis. Wage premiums for college graduates: Recent growth and possible explanations. Educational Researcher.18, (4), 17-26.1989.
  • Scott, Frank A., Berger, Mark C., Black, Dan A.. Effects of the Tax Treatment of Fringe Benefits on Labor Market Segmentation. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.42, (2), 216-229.1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2523355 (URL)
  • Seitchik, Adam, Zornitsky, Jeffrey. From one job to the next: Worker adjustment in a changing labor market. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 1989.
  • Shockey, James W.. Overeducation and earnings: A structural approach to differential attainment in the U.S. labor force (1970-1982). American Sociological Review.54, (56.3), 856-864.1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2117759 (URL)
  • Bassi, Laurie J.. Poverty among women and children: What accounts for the change?. American Economic Review.78, (2), 91-95.1988.
  • Horrigan, Michael W., Haugen, Steven E.. The declining middle-class thesis: A sensitivity analysis. Monthly Labor Review.111, (5), 3-13.1988.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1988/05/art1full.pdf (URL)
  • Lichter, Daniel T.. Racial Differences in Underemployment in American Cities. American Journal of Sociology.93, (4), 771-792.1988.
    • ID: 10.1086/228824 (DOI)
  • Santi, Lawrence L.. The Demographic Context of Recent Change in the Structure of American Households. Demography.25, (4), 509 -1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2061318 (URL)
  • Blackburn, McKinley L., Bloom, David E.. Earnings and Income Inequality in the United States. Population and Development Review.13, (4), 575-609.1987.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973024 (URL)
  • Blackburn, McKinley L., Bloom, David E.. The Effects of Technological Change on Earnings and Income Inequality in the United States. NBER Working Paper Series.2337, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1987.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w2337.pdf (URL)
  • Easterlin, Richard A.. Birth and Fortune: The Impact of Numbers on Personal Welfare. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1987.
  • Kaufman, Robert L., Schervish, Paul G.. Variations on a Theme: More Uses of Odds Ratios to Interpret Log-Linear Parameters. Sociological Methods and Research.16, (2), 218-255.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124187016002002 (DOI)
  • Murphy, Kevin M., Topel, Robert H.. The Evolution of Unemployment in the United States 1968-1985. NBER Macroeconomics Annual, 1987.Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. 1987.
  • Radner, Daniel B.. Money incomes of aged and nonaged family units, 1967-84. Social Security Bulletin.50, (8), 9-28.1987.
  • Haines, Valerie A.. Energy and Urban Form: A Human Ecological Critique. Urban Affairs Quarterly.21, (3), 337-353.1986.
    • ID: 10.1177/004208168602100304 (DOI)
  • Hayward, Mark D., Grady, William R.. The Occupational Retention and Recruitment of Older Men: The Influence of Structural Characteristics of Work. Social Forces.64, (3), 644-666.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2578817 (URL)
  • Ryscavage, Paul M.. Reconciling divergent trends in real income. Monthly Labor Review.109, (7), 24-29.1986.
  • Alsalam, Nabeel. The Effect of Cohort Size on Earnings: An Examination of Substitution Relationships. Working Paper.21, University of Rochester Center for Economic Research. 1985.
  • Berger, Mark C., Hirsch, Barry T.. Veteran Status as a Screening Device During the Vietnam Era. Social Science Quarterly.66, (1), 79-89.1985.
  • Boskin, Michael J., Kotlikoff, Laurence J.. Public Debt and United States Saving: A New Test of the Neutrality Hypothesis. NBER Working Paper Series.1646, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1985.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w1646.pdf (URL)
  • Boskin, Michael J., Kotlikoff, Laurence J., Knetter, Michael. Changes in the Age Distribution of Income in the United States, 1968-1984. NBER Working Paper Series.1766, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1985.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w1766.pdf (URL)
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1970. Archival Version. Current Population Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07561