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Survey of United States Congressional Candidates, 1976

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Federal Election Commission
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
campaign contributions; campaign expenditures; campaign finance reform; campaign strategies; candidates; congressional elections; Federal Election Campaign Act; financial disclosure; fundraising; national elections; opinions; political campaigns; regulation; United States Congress
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains the results of a survey of the candidates who ran for United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives in 1976. By surveying such candidates, the Federal Election Commission (FEC) was attempting to collect systematically the views of those directly affected and regulated by the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) as it was amended in 1974 and 1976. Those amendments called for significant changes in the rules for campaign contributions and expenditures, restrictions on independent expenditures and in-kind contributions, and public disclosure of all federal campaign activity. The survey was conducted by Decision Making Information of Santa Ana, California, and Hart Research Commission in the first two months of 1976. In all, 850 respondents (candidates, campaign managers, and other campaign representatives) were interviewed by mail or in person. The survey questions focused on seven major topics: (1) actual characteristics of the campaigns and the candidates covered by the survey, (2) experiences during the 1976 election, (3) finances in 1976, (4) impact of the FECA on campaign organization, (5) the role played by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) as an information source for, and regulator of, campaigns, (6) which items dealt with by the FECA were favored or opposed by candidates and campaign managers who participated in the 1976 election, and (7) the respondent's overall feelings about what should be done in the future.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1976
  • 1976-01-14 / 1976-02-26
    Collection date: 1976-01-14--1976-02-26
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The 2,150 United States House of Representatives and United States Senate candidates in 1976 whose names appeared on a primary or general ballot. Those candidates who filed a statement with the FECA but failed to run in 1976, as well as those who failed in 1976 to complete reporting requirements for an office sought in preceding years (1974 or 1972) were eliminated from the universe.
Stratified random sampling was done. The 850 respondents represented an accurate cross-section of House and Senate candidates, chosen by random interval selection methods and stratified by several factors: Senate/House campaigns, primary/general campaigns, party affiliation, and geographic regions.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7570 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Federal Election Commission (1984): Survey of United States Congressional Candidates, 1976. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.