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Time Use in Economic and Social Accounts, 1975-1976

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Juster, F. Thomas (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Courant, Paul (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Duncan, Greg J. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Robinson, John P. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Stafford, Frank P. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Americans' Use of Time Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Free Keywords
family life; family work relationship; housework; housing conditions; leisure; lifestyles; property repairs; quality of life; recreation; social interaction; social life; time utilization; work
  • Abstract

    This data collection represents an attempt to apply recent methodological developments in the measurement of time use to a national probability sample of United States households in order to facilitate development of a fully articulated system of economic and social accounts. The data for this study were collected from a sample of 2,406 adults (1,519 respondents and 887 spouses) first interviewed in October-November 1975, and reinterviewed three more times in February, May, and September 1976. Respondents were asked to keep a diary of daily activities so that time allocation patterns could be estimated for the entire year. In addition to the basic estimates of time use obtained from the diaries, the four waves of interviewing obtained information on the employment status of the respondent and spouse, the earnings and other income of the respondent and spouse, the "consumption benefits" for activities engaged in, the health, friendships, and associations of the respondents, the stock of technology available to the household, the house repair and maintenance activities of the family, the division of labor in household work and related attitudes, the physical characteristics of the respondents' housing structure, net worth and housing values, the job characteristics of the respondent and spouse, and the characteristics of mass media usage on a typical day. Background variables include marital status, education, religion, and political preference. AMERICAN'S USE OF TIME, 1965-1976, AND TIME USE IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ACCOUNTS, 1975-1976: MERGED DATA (ICPSR 7796) is a data collection that combines this study with a similar one.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1975 / 1976
    Time period: 1975--1976
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Housing units in the coterminous United States exclusive of those on military reservations.
Multistage area probability sampling.
Collection Mode
  • The data collection contains complete data for the 1,519 respondents plus data for the 887 spouses of respondents. It is formatted to allow utilization of the spouses as additional respondents. This was done in order to facilitate analysis of data collected from respondents and their corresponding spouses and to take full advantage of the total number of individuals who were interviewed. The user makes the decision to use or not use the supplemental sample depending on her/his particular analysis plan and the validity of the particular variables to be used. Weight variables have been included in the file to account for the bias added by counting husband and wife each as separate respondents.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7580 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07580.v1
  • Dew, Jeffrey. Has the marital time cost of parenting changed over time?. Social Forces.88, (2), 519-542.2009.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.0.0273 (DOI)
  • Sayer, Liana C., Bianchi, Suzanne M., Robinson, John P.. Are Parents Investing Less in Children? Trends in Mothers' and Fathers' Time With Children. American Journal of Sociology.110, (1), 1-43.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/386270 (DOI)
  • Robinson, John P., Bostrom, Ann. The overestimated workweek? What time diary measures suggest. Monthly Labor Review.117, (8), 11-23.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Eisner, Robert. Extended Accounts for National Income and Product. Journal of Economic Literature.26, (4), 1611-1684.1988.
  • Coverman, Shelley, Sheley, Joseph F.. Change in Men's Housework and Child Care Time, 1965-1975. Journal of Marriage and Family.48, (2), 413-422.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Duncan, Greg J., Stafford, Frank P.. Do Union Members Receive Compensating Wage Differentials?. American Economic Review.70, (3), 355-371.1980.
  • Hill, C. Russell, Stafford, Frank P.. Parental care of children: Time diary estimates of quantity, predictability, and variety. Journal of Human Resources.15, (2), 219-239.1980.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Pleck, Joseph, Rustad, Michael. Husbands and Wives Time in Family Work and Paid Work in the 1975-76 Study in Time Use. Wellesley College, Center for Research on Women, Mimeo. 1980.
  • Pleck, Joseph, Rustad, Michael. Methodological Issues in Analyzing Family Work and Paid Work in the 1975-76 Study of Time Use. Wellesley College, Center for Research on Women, Mimeo. 1980.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Juster, F. Thomas; Courant, Paul; Duncan, Greg J.; Robinson, John P.; Stafford, Frank P. (1984): Time Use in Economic and Social Accounts, 1975-1976. Archival Version. Americans' Use of Time Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.