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Survey of Income and Education, 1976

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data, survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Free Keywords
bilingualism; census data; disabilities; education; enrollments; families; financial assets; health insurance; households; housing costs; income; poverty; poverty programs; school age children; states (USA)
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains information gathered in the Survey of Income and Education (SIE) conducted in April-July 1976 by the Census Bureau for the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW). Although national estimates of the number of children in poverty were available each year from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey (CPS), those estimates were not statistically reliable on a state-by-state basis. In enacting the Educational Amendments of 1974, Congress mandated that HEW conduct a survey to obtain reliable state-by-state data on the numbers of school-age children in local areas with family incomes below the federal poverty level. This was the statistic that determined the amount of grant a local educational agency was entitled to under Title 1, Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. (Such funds were distributed by HEW's Office of Education.) The SIE was the survey created to fulfill that mandate. Its questions include those used in the Current Population Survey regarding current employment, past work experience, and income. Additional questions covering school enrollment, disability, health insurance, bilingualism, food stamp recipiency, assets, and housing costs enabled the study of the poverty concept and of program effectiveness in reaching target groups. Basic household information also was recorded, including tenure of unit (a determination of whether the occupants of the living quarters owned, rented, or occupied the unit without rent), type of unit, household language, and for each member of the household: age, sex, race, ethnicity, marital history, and education.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Division 1
    • DS2: Division 2
    • DS3: Division 3
    • DS4: Division 4
    • DS5: Division 5
    • DS6: Division 6
    • DS7: Division 7
    • DS8: Division 8
    • DS9: Division 9
Temporal Coverage
  • 1976-04 / 1976-07
    Time period: 1976-04--1976-07
  • 1976-04 / 1976-07
    Collection date: 1976-04--1976-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
Households in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 1976.
A stratified, multistate cluster design was used.
Collection Mode
  • The hierarchical file structure includes household, family, and individual records. Character 441 of each record contains a record type code that allows the user to determine whether the particular record is a household, family, or person. In total there are 752,960 records contained in the file, including 151,170 household, 160,975 family, and 440,815 person records. The file is ordered with the household record followed by one of three possible structures. See the codebook for complete computer record sequence notes.

    Sub-state geographic units are not extensively identified, as the original survey design attempted to facilitate analysis at the state level.

    The size of the survey sample and the resulting data collection are large. Approximately 158,500 households were selected for interviewing. The data collection consists of nine files (one for each of the census divisions).

2006-01-18 File CB7634.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7634 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Park, Jin Heum. The earnings of immigrants in the United States: The effect of English-speaking ability. American Journal of Economics and Sociology.58, (1), 43-56.1999.
  • Stevens, Gillian. The social and demographic context of language use in the United States. American Sociological Review.57, (2), 171-185.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • De Anda, Roberto Moreno. Inequality at Work: A Comparison of Underemployment and Stratification Between Mexican-Origin and White Workers. Dissertation, University of Arizona. 1991.
  • Stolzenberg, Ross M.. Ethnicity, geography, and occupational achievement of Hispanic men in the United States. American Sociological Review.55, (1), 143-154.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Stevens, Gillian, Schoen, Robert. Linguistic Intermarriage in the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family.50, (1), 267-279.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Stevens, Gilliam, Swicegood, Gray. The linguistic context of ethnic endogamy. American Sociological Review.52, (1), 73-82.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ellwood, David T., Bane, Mary Jo. The Impact of AFDC on Family Structure and Living Arrangements. Research in Labor Economics.Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press. 1985.
  • Gavin, Norma I.. An Application of Statistical Matching with the Survey of Income and Education and the 1976 Health Interview Survey. Health Services Research.20, (2), 183 -1985.
  • Stevens, Gillian. Nativity, intermarriage, and mother-tongue shift. American Sociological Review.50, (1), 74-83.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Blau, Francine D.. The Use of Transfer Payments by Immigrants. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.37, (2), 222-239.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Giele, Janet Zollinger. A delicate balance: The family's role in care of the handicapped. Family Relations.33, (10), 85-94.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Grenier, Gilles. The effects of language characteristics on the wages of Hispanic-American males. Journal of Human Resources.19, (1), 35-52.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Reimers, Cordelia W.. Labor Market Discrimination against Hispanic and Black Men. Review of Economics and Statistics.65, 570-579.1983.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Soldo, Beth J., Myllyluoma, Jaana. Caregivers who live with dependent elderly. Gerontologist.23, (6), 605-611.1983.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/23.6.605 (DOI)
  • Angel, Ronald, Tienda, Marta. Determinants of extended household structure: Cultural pattern or economic need?. American Journal of Sociology.87, (6), 1360-1383.1982.
    • ID: 10.1086/227597 (DOI)
  • Bilsborrow, R., Akin, John S.. Data availability versus data needs for analyzing the determinants and consequences of internal migration: An evaluation of U.S. survey data. Review of Public Data Use.10, (4), 261-283.1982.
  • Borjas, George J.. The Earnings of Male Hispanic Immigrants in the United States. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.35, (3), 343-353.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Vanski, Jean E.. Part-time employment of the elderly: A cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Survey of Income and Education, 1976. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.