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Macroeconomic Time Series for the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and France

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • National Bureau of Economic Research
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
business cycles; commodities; construction industry; distribution; domestic trade; economic history; economic indicators; employment; financial assets; income; interest rates; international markets; international trade; investments; national economy; prices; production levels; public utilities; savings; trade; transportation
  • Abstract

    This collection contains an array of economic time series data pertaining to the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France, primarily between the 1920s and the 1960s, and including some time series from the 18th and 19th centuries. These data were collected by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), and they constitute a research resource of importance to economists as well as to political scientists, sociologists, and historians. Under a grant from the National Science Foundation, ICPSR and the National Bureau of Economic Research converted this collection (which existed heretofore only on handwritten sheets stored in New York) into fully accessible, readily usable, and completely documented machine-readable form. The NBER collection -- containing an estimated 1.6 million entries -- is divided into 16 major categories: (1) construction, (2) prices, (3) security markets, (4) foreign trade, (5) income and employment, (6) financial status of business, (7) volume of transactions, (8) government finance, (9) distribution of commodities, (10) savings and investments, (11) transportation and public utilities, (12) stocks of commodities, (13) interest rates, and (14) indices of leading, coincident, and lagging indicators, (15) money and banking, and (16) production of commodities. Data from all categories are available in Parts 1-22. The economic variables are usually observations on the entire nation or large subsets of the nation. Frequently, however, and especially in the United States, separate regional and metropolitan data are included in other variables. This makes cross-sectional analysis possible in many cases. The time span of variables in these files may be as short as one year or as long as 160 years. Most data pertain to the first half of the 20th century. Many series, however, extend into the 19th century, and a few reach into the 18th. The oldest series, covering brick production in England and Wales, begins in 1785, and the most recent United States data extend to 1968. The unit of analysis is an interval of time -- a year, a quarter, or a month. The bulk of observations are monthly, and most series of monthly data contain annual values or totals.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Construction, Dataset 02A
    • DS2: Construction, Dataset 02B
    • DS3: Construction, Dataset 02C
    • DS4: Prices, Dataset 04A
    • DS5: Prices, Dataset 04B
    • DS6: Security Markets, Dataset 11A
    • DS7: Foreign Trade, Dataset 07A
    • DS8: Income and Employment, Dataset 08A
    • DS9: Income and Employment, Dataset 08B
    • DS10: Income and Employment, Dataset 08C
    • DS11: Financial Status of Business, Dataset 09A
    • DS12: Volume of Transactions, Dataset 12A
    • DS13: Government Finance, Dataset 15A
    • DS14: Distribution of Commodities, Dataset 06A
    • DS15: Savings and Investments, Dataset 10A
    • DS16: Transportation and Public Utilities, Dataset 03A
    • DS17: Stocks of Commodities, Dataset 05A
    • DS18: Interest Rates, Dataset 13A
    • DS19: Indexes of Leading, Coincident, and Lagging Indicators, Dataset 16A
    • DS20: Money and Banking, Dataset 14A
    • DS21: Production of Commodities, Dataset 01A
    • DS22: Production of Commodities, Dataset 01B
Temporal Coverage
  • 1785 / 1968
    Time period: 1785--1968
  • 1920 / 1970
    Collection date: 1920--1970
Geographic Coverage
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Time series of economic statistics pertaining to France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States between 1785 and 1968.
Collection Mode
  • The data were collected between the 1920s and the 1970s, but it is unclear from the documentation as to the exact start and end dates.

2007-03-26 This study, updated from OSIRIS, now includes SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files, SAS transport (XPORT) files, SPSS portable files, a Stata system files, and an updated codebook. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7644 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07644.v1
  • Miron, Jeffrey A., Romer, Christina D.. A New Monthly Index of Industrial Production, 1884-1940. Journal of Economic History.50, (2), 321-337.1990.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0022050700036469 (DOI)
  • Shiskin, Julius, Eisenpress, Harry. Seasonal Adjustments by Electronic Computer Methods. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1958.
  • Burns, Arthur F., Mitchell, Wesley C.. Measuring Business Cycles. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1946.
  • Kuznets, Simon S.. Seasonal Variations in Industry and Trade. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1933.
  • Mitchell, Wesley C.. Business Cycles: The Problem and its Setting. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1927.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

National Bureau of Economic Research (1984): Macroeconomic Time Series for the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and France. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.